Abnormally high salt levels having a higher osmotic pressure than blood or another body fluid.
A solution that has a higher osmotic pressure than a standard (reference) solution.
Solution with a greater osmolality than plasma; >290-300 mOsm/kg of water.
A solution having a greater osmotic pressure than that of cells or body fluids; a solution that draws water out of cells, thus inducing plasmolysis.
A hypertonic solution is one that has a higher concentration than blood plasma or the fluid within cells. If introduced into the body, water will move from the cells into this solution, a process known as osmosis. If the solution is excessively concentrated, it could cause the body’s cells to lose too much water. Fluids used for intravenous infusion are typically isotonic, meaning they have the same concentration as the fluids in cells. However, when treating dehydration, the infused fluids are slightly hypotonic.
Hypertrichosis refers to the excessive growth of hair across the body, including areas that aren’t typically hairy. This condition frequently arises due to the use of certain medications, such as ciclosporin and minoxidil. It can also be associated with anorexia nervosa. Moreover, the term “hypertrichosis” is used to describe the growth of hair within a mole.
Hypertrichosis should not be confused with hirsutism, a condition marked by excessive hair growth, especially in women, attributable to abnormal levels of male hormones.