Along with lotions, creams, and infused oils, are topical applications made from heat-extracted plant material such as arnica or comfrey and/or essential oils, in a carrier oil, cream, or wax. Used for local application to relieve pain (e.g., arthritic, rheumatic, or from injury), increase blood flow, and speed wound healing. Also used as a means by which the oily aromatic bioactives in essential oils are absorbed into the blood and reach the brain (bypassing gut and liver metabolism).


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