Know about the Sugar Palm

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Sugar Palm Quick Facts
Name: Sugar Palm
Scientific Name: Arenga pinnata
Origin Tropical south Asia to South-east Asia
Colors Green to yellow to black
Shapes Rounded or ellipsoid drupe, about 5–7 cm in diameter
Sugar palm is a tall, unbranched and solitary palm which grows to the height of 12 to 20 meters having a stout trunk of 30 to 60 cm diameter. Trunk has distinct bases of broken leaves and long black fibres top by dense crown of leaves. Leaves are pinnate, ascending, 6-10 meters long and the basal part of the petiole is covered with sheath of stout and black fibers. Leaflets are 160 on each side, linear and about 1.5 to 1.8 meters long. Tip is lobed and variously toothed and base is 2-auricled and the lower surface is white or pale. An inflorescence is unisexual, axillary and pendulous having stout  and peduncle bearing female flowering spikes at the top and male flowering spikes lower down the peduncle and appearing later. Flowers are trimerous having 3-lobed tubular corolla. Fruits are rounded or ellipsoid drupe measuring 5 to 7 cm in diameter and is green when immature that turns yellow and then gradually black containing two to three black seeds.

Leaves

Leaves are ascending, pinnate and about 8.5 meters long. Leaflets are dark green above and whitish beneath which offers dirty greenish appearance to trees. Leaf sheaths cover stem and the margins are fibrous with black hairs. Young leaf sheaths are covered on lower surfaces having abundance of soft and moss like white hairs.

Fruits

The matured fruits are yellow; about 5 cm in diameter containing 2-3 seeds each.

Health Benefits of Sugar palm

  1. Healthy diet

As our diet determines our health as well. This fruit has 93% of water content and also gelatin which provides the sense of fullness after its consumption. It helps to control our appetite.

  1. Treatment for arthritis

Arthritis can disturb our activities. An intake of this fruit 100 grams per day could gradually heal arthritis.

  1. Digestive health

Palmfruit has high content of fiber which makes it effective for treating constipation. Consume 5 to 10 grains of palmfruit per day. This helps to avoid constipation and also other digestive disorders.

  1. Relieve Itchiness

The sap obtained from the tree is helpful in providing relief from itch. Use the sap to provide relief from itchiness.

  1. Prevention of Osteoporosis

As the person ages, osteoporosis occurs. This condition affects not only old people but also young these days which occurs due to the amount of activity and lack of intake of milk and foods containing calcium. Palmfruit has 91 milligrams of calcium so the intake of this fruit fulfills calcium requirement and prevents the chances of osteoporosis.

Traditional uses

  • Stems act as diuretic.
  • Root decoction is beneficial to lungs and supports digestion and promotes appetite.
  • Root decoction is helpful for bladder problems.
  • It is helpful for colds and sinus problems, cold sores and sore throat.
  • Roots are considered to be stomachic and pectoral in Cambodia.
  • Petioles are used in chronic paludism having spleen enlargement.
  • Roots are used to make tea decoction to relieve bladder problems.

Culinary uses

  • Boil the juice to make arenga syrup or allow setting in moulds to form arenga sugar which is also known as gur in India. Arenga syrup is used in all sweets, dishes, preserves and beverages.
  • It is used as a sweetener for pastries, cakes, toast, pancakes, cereals, sandwiches, fruit juices, dessert toppings and others.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=506704#null

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Arenga+pinnata

http://old.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Arenga_pinnata.PDF

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arenga_pinnata

https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/Arenga_pinnata

http://www.stuartxchange.com/Kaong.html

https://globalfoodbook.com/amazing-benefits-of-the-palm-sugar-tree

http://healthyfruitsnvegetables.blogspot.com/2012/11/sugar-palm-fruit-and-its-health-benefits.html

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