Health benefits of Narrow-leaf coneflower

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Health-benefits-of-Narrowleaf-Coneflower

Narrow leaf Cone flower Quick Facts
Name: Narrow leaf Cone flower
Scientific Name: Echinacea angustifolia
Origin North America
Shapes Small, dark, 4-angled achenes
Taste Sweetish taste
Health benefits Prevents Cancer and Cure headache
Narrow-leaf coneflower scientifically known as Echinacea angustifolia is a compact perennial of the Composite family, commonly known as the daisy family that is mainly native to upland dry prairie areas in the Great Plains. In Missouri, it has only been found in Shelby County in the northeastern part of the state (Steyermark). Apart from Narrow leaf Coneflower, it is also known as Echinacea, Blacksamson echinacea, Strigose blacksamson, Black Sampson, Coneflower, Niggerhead, Rudbeckia, Brauneria pallida, Kansas snakeroot, snakeroot, narrow-leaved purple coneflower, scurvy root, comb flower, black susans, and hedgehog.  The genus name Echinacea is derived from the Greek ‘echinos’ which literally means hedgehog and refers to the appearance of the spiny seed head.

Plant Description

Narrow Leaf coneflower is an herbaceous perennial plant that grows about 2.5 feet (76 cm) tall. It grows well in gravelly, sandy, and rocky dry limestone prairies and barrens lands and prefers well drained soils of sand, loam, clay, or limestone. The plant has deep, woody taproot. It has one to several rough-hairy stems, mostly unbranched.

Leaves

Leaves are alternate, simple, and narrowly lance-shaped 5-30 cm (2-12 in) long, 1.5-4 cm (0.5-1.5 in) wide, with entire margins (smooth, with no teeth).

Flower

Flowers are single at the end of a stout hairy stem, with 15 to 20 pink to light purple rays (petals), each ¾ to 1½ inches long and ¼ to 1/3 inch wide, with 3 notched teeth at the tip. Rays grow out and up, drooping down and curving under with maturity. In the center is a large orangish brown disk, round to conical in shape, covered with small brown disk flowers with yellow pollen. A plant typically has 1 to a few flowering stems. Flowers bloom in June and July, sometimes with sporadic continued bloom throughout the summer.

Fruit

Fruit is small, dark, 4-angled achenes.

History

Echinacea was used at length by Native Americans and by traditional herbalists in the United States and in Canada. One of the first written accounts was by an equestrian from Louisiana who used this herb topically on horses. According to the ethno botanical work, Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region, written in 1914 by Melvin Gilmore, “echinacea seems to have been used as a remedy for more ailments than any other plant.” A variety of tribes, including the Pawnee, Dakota, Omaha-Winnebego relied heavily upon this plant. It was used for situations ranging from swellings to distemper in horses. This healing herb was administered as a fresh juice, herbal smudge or smoke, and often either the leaf or root was simply chewed on. Echinacea was used traditionally for supporting the immune system and also for topical use.

Health benefits of Narrow leaf Coneflower

Narrow leaf Coneflower has long been used by Native American Indians to fight infections including colds, coughs and flu.  Narrow leaf Coneflower tea is taken to prevent the onset of colds and flu, or to lessen the severity of its symptoms and to hasten the recovery. Listed below are few of the health benefits of Narrow leaf Coneflower

1. Cure upper respiratory problem

The strong effect of Narrow leaf Coneflower in immune system and the anti-inflammatory properties are the best combine to treat upper respiratory tract problem such as cough, sore throat, croup, dyphteria, influenza and other common cold.

2. Treat urinary infection

Narrow leaf Coneflower help to stimulate the immune system and it also help to treat infections of the urinary tract. The anti-inflammation properties of Narrow leaf Coneflower has strong effect to get rid the histamin (protein which cause inflammation).

3. Prevent cold

People regard Narrow leaf Coneflower as one of best remedy for cure cold. The essential oil contained in Narrow leaf Coneflower has anti-viral and anti-inflammation properties which can prevent the body from prevent cold.

4. Strengthen immune system

Research reported that people who experience cold and took Narrow leaf Coneflower as supplement heal faster than the ones who didn’t. Certain dose of Narrow leaf Coneflower give great influence to immune system and it lower the chance of getting cold by 58%. That’s why people believe that Narrow leaf Coneflower may boost immune system function.

5. Reduce pain

Narrow leaf Coneflower can cure almost all pain that occur in the body. This benefit was used by native Indian community in America since long ago. It helps to cure stomach ache, abdominal pain, chest pain, and other types of pain with Narrow leaf Coneflower.

6. Fight inflammation

Inflammation is the leader of certain disease that occurs in human body. Narrow leaf Coneflower has anti-inflammatory properties which help to reduce and cure inflammation that may become harmful. Research by University of British Columbia reported that regular Narrow leaf Coneflower consumption can reverse and ease various types of inflammation effectively.

7. Faster wound healing

Alkalamydes and other phytochemical properties found in Narrow leaf Coneflower has a great effect in the healing process. It fastens the regeneration of cells particularly in the skin tissue.

8. Improve mental health

Taking Narrow leaf Coneflower supplement not more than 20 mg can help to relieve and ease stress, depression and anxiety. This benefit may be provided by the volatile oil and aromatic phytochemical that has calming nerve.

9. Relieve constipation

Narrow leaf Coneflower also known as good laxative helps to promote healthy digestion system. Based on Medical Herbalism review Narrow leaf Coneflower can be used as natural relief for constipation because it has calming effect to the digestion tract. Drinking a cup of Narrow leaf Coneflower tea may help you to get rid uncomfortable feeling in stomach and lose your bowel movement.

10. Prevent cancer

Narrow leaf Coneflower could prevent cancer and is one of the best herbal plants. Some great researches have been conducted to find the impact of Narrow leaf Coneflower to the development of cancer. Research by National Institutes of Health (NIH) stated that Narrow leaf Coneflower contains phytochemical that has potential value in fighting tumor. This phytochemical in Narrow leaf Coneflower not yet found in other type of herbal plant.

11. Cure headache

Taking some Narrow leaf Coneflower supplement is one of the best options if you suffer from headache. Alkylamides present in Narrow leaf Coneflower is a volatile oil that can relax and calm your nerve especially the brain nerve. It also soothen the blood vessel work in the area of the brain so the pain will be reduced.

12. Heal skin problem

Narrow leaf Coneflower is great solution for many skin problems just like what has been written by Armando González Stuart, PhD about herbal safety. He describes that Narrow leaf Coneflower has been used by some Native Indian tribes to treat psoriasis, skin infection, eczema and to heal wound on skin.

13. Treat rabies

It is rarely found that herbal plant can also treat rabies. Rabies is an acute inflammation that occur in the human brain which caused by Rabies virus. Narrow leaf Coneflower can be one of supplement which can be used to treat this disease and reduce the symptoms.

14. Treat meningitis

As well as tuberculosis, meningitis or the inflammation of human brain meningues caused by the infection by the bacterial Meningitis tuberculosa. Taking Narrow leaf Coneflower regularly and with the doctor prescription can somewhat treat the meningitis infection.

15. Reduce toothache

Toothache can be bothersome and disturb your day if it’s not getting treated immediately. Having Narrow leaf Coneflower supplement can reduce the pain that resulted from toothache.

16. Promote healthy skin

Narrow leaf Coneflower can activate the new skin cell formation which is effective to keep your skin looks healthy and firm. Taking Narrow leaf Coneflower as skin supplement is regarded as good choice.

17. Cure animal sting and infection

Animal sting can be annoying. It can cause inflammation on the skin. Narrow leaf Coneflower has anti-inflammatory properties which can be used to treat the wound that is caused by animal sting. Even Indian tribe use echinacea to treat poisonous bite of snake and insect.

18. Prevent cholera

Based on WHO report, Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease that can kill someone who suffer from and if left untreated within hours. Cholera can be treated by Narrow leaf Coneflower extract because it has an effect in balancing the fluid balance in the body.

19. Treat impotence

According to a statement by Dr Snyder which published in the book “Narrow leaf Coneflower Natural Immune Enhancer”, it is mentioned that Narrow leaf Coneflower is an effective remedy for impotence.

20. Treat tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a disease which cause by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and causing liver damage. Taking Narrow leaf Coneflower regularly is supposed can cure the infection of the bacteria and cure the symptom of tuberculosis.

Other Traditional uses and benefits of Narrow leaf Coneflower

  • It has the ability to raise the body’s resistance to bacterial and viral infections by stimulating the immune system.
  • It is antibiotic and helps to relieve allergies.
  • Plant has a general stimulatory effect on the immune system and is extensively used in modern herbal treatments.
  • In Germany over 200 pharmaceutical preparations are made from Narrow leaf Coneflower.
  • Roots and the whole plant are considered particularly beneficial in the treatment of sores, wounds, burns etc., and possessing cortisone-like and antibacterial activity.
  • Plant was used by North American Indians as a universal application to treat the bites and stings of all types of insects.
  • An infusion of the plant was also used to treat snakebites.
  • Root is adaptogen, alterative, antiseptic, depurative, digestive, sialagogue.
  • The plant has been used as a diaphoretic.
  • German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Narrow leaf Coneflower for common cold, cough and bronchitis, fevers and cold, urinary tract infections, inflammation of the mouth and pharynx, increase resistance to infection, wounds and burns.
  • Narrow leaf Coneflower increases bodily resistance to infection and is used for boils, erysipelas, septicaemia, cancer, syphilis and other impurities of the blood.
  • As an injection, the extract has been used for hemorrhoids and a tincture of the fresh root has been found beneficial in diphtheria and putrid fevers.

Precautions

  • High doses over 1000 mg may cause dizziness, nausea and allergy.
  • It is also reported that Narrow leaf Coneflower may cause several health problem like dry mouth, fever, muscle aches, sore throat, stomach pain, disorientation, fever, insomnia and even vomiting.
  • Use of herb for 10-14 days recommended followed by a short break.
  • Pregnant women should consider taking echinacea because it may cause neural tube defect in baby and some disturbance on pregnancy.
  • If you are allergic to some other plant from the same family, such as the ragweed plant then there are chances for you to develop some adverse reactions while using Echinacea Angustifolia root.
  • Use cautiously in people who have heart disease. Narrow leaf Coneflower may cause abnormal or irregular heartbeat.
  • Use cautiously in people who have skin disorders. Narrow leaf Coneflower may cause burning sensations, hives, itching, rashes, and skin redness.
  • Use cautiously in children who have colds. Narrow leaf Coneflower may increase the risk of ear infection.
  • Long-term echinacea may cause reduced white blood cell count. Narrow leaf Coneflower may cause a blood disorder in which blood clots form in small blood vessels, leading to a low platelet count.
  • Avoid using in combination with anesthesia.
  • Avoid using in people who are preparing to undergo transplant surgery.

Other Facts

  • Narrow-leaved purple coneflower is cultivated as an ornamental for its attractive flower heads.

References:

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ecan2

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/gcc-140068

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=37276#null

http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1988/

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=14798

http://pfaf.org/User/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Echinacea+angustifolia

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=277183&isprofile=0&

http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/e/echina01.html

http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ecan2

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