All about Red Anjou Pear

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All about Red Anjou Pear

Red Anjou Pear Quick Facts
Name: Red Anjou Pear
Scientific Name: Pyrus communis
Origin Central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia
Colors Dark as maroon, rust-colored red or a lighter, crimson red with occasional striations
Shapes Pome obovoid, turbinate or sub globose, 4–8 cm wide × 4.5–9.5 cm long
Flesh colors Off-white to a creamy pink
Taste Sweet
Health benefits Weight Loss, Improve Digestion, Speed up Healing, Improve Heart Health, Improve Bone Health, Improve Circulation, Skin & Hair Care
Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear, is a species of pear native to central and Eastern Europe and southwest Asia. It is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions, being the species from which most orchard pear cultivars grown in Europe, North America, and Australia have been developed. Other two species of pears, the Nashi pear, Pyrus pyrifolia, and the Chinese white pear bai li, Pyrus × bretschneideri, are more widely grown in eastern Asia. Other Popular common names of the fruit are Dessert Pear, Pear, Pear Tree, Perry Pears, Soft Pear, cultivated pear and garden pear.  It is a temperate species and normally thrives in the warmer areas of the temperate zones. It prefers a mild summer and a cool to cold winter.

Plant Description

Red Anjou Pear is a small to medium sized, deciduous tree that usually grow to about 12 meters but some can reach up to 20 meters with an upright, conical crown and slender branches. As it is a temperate species it normally thrives in warmer areas of the temperate zones. It is found growing in well drained, moist sandy loam to clayey loam soils rich in organic matter. Barks are gray-brown to reddish brown, with shallow furrows and flat-topped scaly ridges. Branchlets are tomentose when young, glabrous and brownish red when old. Twigs are glossy brown to reddish brown, medium in texture, spur shoots present. Terminal buds are medium in size (less than 1/4 inch), conical to dome shaped, and may be lightly hairy.

Leaves

Leaves are alternate, simple, and ovate to elliptic, 2–7 cm by 2–3.5 cm, acute or short acuminate, base rounded or sub cordate, margin serrate-crenate. They are shiny green above and paler and dull below.   Petioles are 1.5–5 cm, slender.  Stipules are caducous, linear-lanceolate and membranous. Raceme is umbel like, 6–9- flowered with caducous, linear-lanceolate bracts at the apex of a spur.

Flower & fruit

Flowers are 2.5–3 cm across, white, bisexual. Hypanthium is campanulate, abaxially pubescent. Sepals are deltoid- lanceolate, 5–9 mm, both surfaces pubescent, persistent. Petals are white, obovate, 1.3–1.5 × 1–1.3 cm, base shortly clawed. Stamens are 20, half as long as petals. Fruit is pome obovoid, turbinate or sub globose, 4–8 cm wide × 4.5–9.5 cm long, 5-loculed with a larger bottom and narrower top. Fruits are dark as maroon, rust-colored red or a lighter, crimson red with occasional striations. Flesh is juicy, soft and dense off-white to a creamy pink, sweet when ripe. An average pear weighs 4-6 ounces. The fruit has brown and teardrop-shaped seed.

Health Benefits of Red Anjou Pear

Apart from being a tasty addition to the diet, Red Anjou Pear is also packed with many nutrients, which offer medicinal benefits. Let us look at the benefits in detail

1. Weight Loss

Red Anjou Pear is one of the lowest-calorie fruits; an average pear has just over 100 calories, which is nearly 5% of daily calorie allowance of a healthy diet. However, the nutritional supplementation they give you is immense, and the fiber makes you feel full. Therefore, people [3] trying to lose weight often turn to pears to get the most “bang for their buck”. It is a high-energy and high-nutrition food with low impact on weight gain and obesity.(1)

2. Improve Digestion

While a single serving of Red Anjou Pear provides 18% of the daily requirement for fiber intake, they can be a very strong agent for improving digestive health too. Fiber in pears is a non-soluble polysaccharide (NSP), which means that it acts as a bulking agent in the intestines. This fiber gathers the food and adds bulk so it is easier for the food to pass through the intestines. Additionally, it encourages secretion of gastric and digestive juices. It also controls bowel movements and also reduces the chances of constipation, as well as diarrhea and loose stool. Apart from that, the gritty nature of Red Anjou Pear fiber helps it bind to cancer-causing agents and free radicals in the colon and protect the organ from their damaging effects. (2)

3. Speed up Healing

Vitamin C is considered as an essential part of synthesizing new tissue in various organs and cellular structures of the body. It keeps the body’s metabolism running smoothly and ensures that all functions operate appropriately. Additionally, wound healing is sped up with high levels of ascorbic acid, which pears do provide. It also helps to repair damaged blood vessels, which decreases the strain on the cardiovascular system and prevents certain heart diseases from developing. (3)

4. Improve Heart Health

Red Anjou Pear is a wonderful source of potassium, which means that they can have an important impact on heart health because potassium is a well-known vasodilator. This means that it lowers blood pressure, which reduces strain on the whole cardiovascular system and makes it harder for clots to form or harm you. Furthermore, it increases blood flow to all parts of the body, which oxygenates the organs and encourages their effective function. Lowering blood pressure is also connected to a lower chance of cardiovascular diseases like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes. Finally, potassium works as a fluid regulator in the body, meaning that it keeps the body hydrated, and ensures the balance of essential fluids in the cells and organs. Without potassium, many of our essential functions would be either slowed down or stopped altogether. (4)

5. Improve Bone Health

High mineral content of Red Anjou Pear includes magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, calcium, and copper. These helps in reducing bone mineral loss and weakening conditions like osteoporosis and the general weakness of the body due to lack of support from the bones. (5)

6. Improve Circulation

For patients suffering from anemia or other mineral deficiencies, Red Anjou Pear can be very helpful, because of its high content of copper and iron in them. Copper enables and improves the uptake of minerals into the system, and increased levels of iron mean that the red blood cell synthesis increases. Iron is an important part of hemoglobin, and anemia is another name for iron deficiency. You can avoid fatigue, cognitive malfunction, muscle weakness, and organ system malfunction by consuming foods high in iron and copper, both of which are found in significant amounts in Red Anjou Pear.(6), (7)

7. Skin & Hair Care

One of the most versatile vitamins in the human body is vitamin A. Red Anjou Pear are high in vitamin A and its following components, like lutein and zeaxanthin. By acting as antioxidants, and also by participating in a number of enzymatic reactions and organ functions, Red Anjou Pear can reduce the effects of aging on the skin, like wrinkles and age spots. These powerful fruits can also reduce hair loss, macular degeneration, cataracts, and various other conditions associated with the aging process. (8), (9)

Culinary uses of Red Anjou Pear

  • Most pears are dessert pears and eaten raw by themselves or with a robust cheese like Parmesan, Pecorino, Gorgonzola, Stilton or Roquefort.
  • Pears are also a welcome addition to winter salads.
  • Pears are poached in port or red wine spiced with cinnamon, cloves and pared lemon rind or in a vanilla flavored syrup.
  • Well-known dish is “Pears in Syrup” or “ Perys in Syrip ” using the fifteenth century spelling.
  • For sautéed or grilled pear, pears are peeled, quartered or halved and the cores are scooped out with a melon baller.
  • Dessert and cooking type pears can also be cooked in compotes, tarts, pies, terrines, trifles, pastries, cakes and the famed Poires Belle Helene (poached pears with vanilla ice cream and hot chocolate sauce).
  • Pears are outstanding for making a pear sherbet where the peeled pear is blended with sugar and a little lemon juice and freeze.
  • Pears also make marvelous fritters and go well with ingredients such as nuts, spices, port and masala.
  • Cooked pears are relished in savory dishes with game and duck – made into chutney or casseroled with game birds or venison.
  • Pears can be preserved or candied with sugar and vinegar or pickled with mustard seeds and horse radish.
  • Pears are excellent for canning, they are peeled, halved, quartered or diced into pieces and cooked in syrup before canning.
  • Peeled pears are also dried, crystallized and distilled into spirits like eau-de-vie de poires, Poire William and Perry.

Other Facts

  • Pear trees are occasionally used as part of a shelterbelt planting.
  • Yellow-tan dye is extracted from the leaves.
  • It provides a heavy, tough, durable, fine grained, hard-wood that is used by cabinet and instrument makers.
  • When covered with black varnish it is an excellent ebony substitute.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=25295#null

https://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Pyrus+communis

https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30474

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a897

http://www.floracatalana.net/pyrus-communis-l-

https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/58382/

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PYCO

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/rjp-63

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=369

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