Category: G

  • Glutamate pyruvate transaminase

    An enzyme facilitates the reversible exchange of an amino group between alanine and alpha-ketoglutarate, resulting in the creation of glutamate and pyruvate. This enzyme is present in both serum and various body tissues, with a notable concentration in the liver. The serum enzyme activity, known as SGPT, sees a significant rise in cases of liver…

  • Glucose-6-phosphatase

    This is an enzyme responsible for facilitating the removal of a phosphate group from glucose 6-phosphate. It is found in the endoplasmic reticulum of the liver, kidney, and intestinal mucosa, but not in muscle tissue. The reaction it catalyzes is a crucial step in hepatic gluconeogenesis, playing a significant role in regulating blood glucose levels.…

  • Geotrichum candidum

    This particular type of fungus, resembling yeast, can be discovered in both feces and dairy products. It is the causative agent responsible for geotrichosis.  

  • Gravid uterus

    A uterus during pregnancy.  

  • Gaboon ulcer

    A form of tropical ulcer that closely mimics the appearance of a sore caused by syphilis.    

  • Glandular tuberculosis

    Tuberculosis that develops in the glands, typically in the neck, caused by bovine tuberculosis.  

  • Gaseous tension

    The propensity of a gas to spread out, and the force exerted due to this expansion.  

  • Green stool

    Stools observed in infants when the contents of their intestines pass through quickly before the bile has fully digested, causing them to appear green instead of the usual yellow-brown color. If the baby shows no symptoms, gains weight consistently and sufficiently, this is not a cause for concern.  

  • Gangrenous stomatitis

    Inflammation of the mouth accompanied by tissue death. Also known as cancrum oris, noma, or stomatonecrosis.    

  • Granulation stenosis

    Constriction due to the growth or contraction of granulation tissues.