Category: O

  • Orthodontic surgery

    Adjustment of misaligned teeth.  

  • Obstetric stethoscope

    A kind of stethoscope that includes a tiny microphone linked to an amplifier. This amplifies the sounds either straight into the doctor’s ears or through a loudspeaker. It’s particularly useful for detecting faint or distant body sounds and is also beneficial for doctors with hearing difficulties.  

  • Occupational spasms

    A collection of conditions distinguished by muscle spasms triggered when trying to utilize those muscles, with the triggering factor usually related to an action connected to the person’s profession or occupation. For instance, writer’s cramp falls into this category. These conditions are also referred to as business spasms, coordinated business neuroses, functional spasms, handicraft spasms,…

  • Organic scoliosis

    Spinal curvature caused by various factors, including diseases like rickets or inflammation, muscle paralysis in the spine, chest deformities, or conditions affecting the hips or legs, can lead to structural scoliosis. In this condition, a set of vertebrae remains consistently misaligned, often accompanied by some degree of rotation. Organic and congenital scoliosis are inherently structural,…

  • Occipitoposterior position

    A midwifery term used to describe the position of the baby within the uterus, where the back of the skull is positioned toward the rear, and the face is oriented toward the mother’s abdomen.  

  • Occipitoanterior position

    A term used in midwifery to describe the baby’s position within the uterus, where the back of the baby’s skull is oriented toward the mother’s abdomen. This is considered the typical and most favorable position for childbirth.  

  • Obliquely contracted pelvis

    A misshapen pelvis with uneven diagonal measurements.  

  • Oculophrenicorecurrent paralysis

    Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal and phrenic nerves, often accompanied by Horner’s syndrome. This condition can be seen in cases of lung cancer with tumor deposits in the middle of the chest, exerting pressure on these two nerves.  

  • Occupational paralysis

    Muscle weakness and atrophy resulting from nerve compression and excessive strain in specific occupational settings.  

  • Obstetrical paralysis

    Paralysis that develops in a newborn baby’s arm due to nerve damage during the birthing process.