Category: R

  • Rynacrom

    Rynacrom is a trade name for sodium cromoglicate, an anti-allergy medication. It is specifically employed to prevent allergic rhinitis.  

  • Rubber dam

    A rubber barrier is employed to segregate one or several teeth while specific dental treatments are being performed. This sheet serves as a shield against saliva and blocks the accidental inhalation of foreign particles. To install the dam, the dentist makes small openings in the rubber material for the teeth to pass through. The sheet…

  • Rosiglitazone

    Rosiglitazone is an oral medication used to lower blood sugar, often prescribed alongside other oral hypoglycemic drugs like metformin or a sulphonylurea, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The drug works by decreasing insulin resistance in the body’s peripheral tissues. Possible side effects of rosiglitazone can include digestive issues, weight gain, and anemia, which…

  • Ring pessary

    A circular plastic apparatus designed for insertion into the vagina to support a prolapsed uterus and keep it in place.  

  • Riley–Day syndrome

    A hereditary condition that impacts nerve function across various regions of the body, potentially manifesting as early as infancy. Kids with Riley-Day syndrome frequently exhibit reduced pain sensitivity, which can lead them to overlook injuries. Swallowing difficulties are prevalent, and this can cause infants to inhale food into their airways, potentially leading to pneumonia. Vomiting…

  • Rifabutin

    A medication utilized for treating tuberculosis and for safeguarding against other infections caused by mycobacteria.  

  • Rhesus isoimmunization

    The formation of antibodies (proteins produced by the immune system) against Rhesus (Rh)-positive blood in an individual with Rh-negative blood.  

  • Rhesus incompatibility

    An incongruity between the blood group of an Rh-negative pregnant woman and that of her baby. Under specific conditions, this discrepancy can result in hemolytic disease of the newborn. The Rh system relies on the existence or absence of certain elements within the blood, with the pivotal one being the D antigen (a substance capable…

  • Reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitors

    An antidepressant medication belonging to the category of reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). These types of inhibitors are known to have fewer negative interactions with other medications and food items like cheese and red wine when compared to other MAOIs. Presently, the sole available reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor is moclobemide.  

  • Retrosternal pain

    Discomfort located in the middle area of the chest, situated behind the breastbone (sternum). Potential triggers encompass irritation of the esophagus, angina pectoris (chest pain resulting from inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle), or myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack).