A diagnostic technique using radiation to detect breast cancer in its early developmental stages.

Examination of the breast using a special X-ray technique.

Procedure in which the soft tissues of the breast are x-rayed to detect benign or malignant tumors. Periodic mammography is generally recommended for women thought at high risk for breast cancer and in certain other situations.

An X-ray technique used to examine breast tissue for tumors or other abnormalities, and to differentiate between benign and malignant growths.

The making of X-ray or infrared ray photographs of the breast: used for the early detection of abnormal growths.

A technique whereby X-rays are used to show the structure of the breast and any abnormalities present. It takes about 5-10 minutes to perform and discomfort is minimal. It is an effective way of distinguishing benign from malignant tumours, and can detect tumours that cannot be felt. In a multi-centre study in the USA, called The Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project and involving nearly 300,000 women in the 40-49 age group, 35 per cent of the tumours found were detected by mammography alone, 13 per cent by physical examination, and 50 per cent by both methods combined.

Radiographic imaging of the breast to screen for (and detect) breast cancer. Mammography detects about 85% to 90% of existing breast cancers and, along with breast self-examination and regular professional check-ups, increases the rate of early breast cancer detection. Mammography detects more cancers when more than one radiologist interprets each image, a technique called “double reading.” The American Cancer Society and expert panels convened by the federal government publish guidelines for the frequency of mammographic evaluation in the U.S. Although these guidelines change occasionally, evidence shows that mammographic screening can reduce the risk of dying from breast cancer in women aged 40 to 69 years.

Mammography is an X-ray technique employed to analyze the breast. During the procedure, the breast is compressed between an X-ray plate and a plastic covering, allowing for comprehensive imaging of the tissue. Both breasts are captured in two separate images. Mammography serves to explore breast lumps and is a screening tool for detecting breast cancer, as it can identify tumors that are too minuscule to be detected through physical examination. This screening is provided every three years to women aged 50 to 65.