Carp fish facts

The small carp could be mistaken as goldfish. Carp have thick and large scales, thick lips, small eyes, single dorsal fin and forked tail. The color of carp differs from one to another. The wild one is olive green, silvery or bronze. It has scattered, large and thick scales. It is omnivorous and consumes plant material, molluscs, insect, larvae crustaceans and seeds. They live in lakes, streams and reservoirs. It could also survive in little water or oxygen, temperature change and temporary freezing.

Name Carp fish benefits and nutrition facts
Scientific Name Cyprinus carpio
Native Native to Asia and Eastern Europe
The word carp is derived from Greek “Cyprinus” and Latin “carpio”.
Common/English Name Common Carp, European carp, German carp, Chinese carp, Asian carp, Great carp, Edible carp, Aischgrund carp, Amur wild carp, Amur carp, Asian carp, Calico carp, Blubber lips, Great carp, Grass carp, koi, Leather carp, Koi carp, Mirror carp, Nishiki-koi, Mud sucker, Scale carp, Wild Common Carp, Wild carp
Name in Other Languages Afrikaans: Karp
Albanian: Krapi, krapuliq;
Amharic: Abba Samuel, Tikure;
Bulgarian: Sharan;
Burmese: Shwe war nga gyin;
Chinese: Yuánjiāng lǐ (元江鲤), Tuán lǐ (团鲤), Ěrhǎi lǐ (洱海鲤), Hǎi lǐ (海鲤, Lǐ (鲤), Huáng pí lǐ (黄皮鲤);
Danish: Karpe, Spejlkarpe;
Dutch: Karper;
Estonian: Karpkala;
Finnish: Karppi;
French: Carpat, Carpe commune, carpe, Carpe commune, Carpat, Escarpo, Carpeau, Kerpaille, Carpe miroir, Carpe cuir, Carpeau, Escarpo, Carpo, Flusskarpfen, Feuille, Karpenn, Kerpe, Kerpaille;
German: Donaukarpfe, europäischer karpfen, Karpe, Karpen, Karpf, Karpfen, Lederkarpfen, Mooskarpfen, Schuppenkarpfen, Seebinkel, Spiegelkarpfen, Wildkarpfen, Zuchtkarpfen;
Hebrew: Karpion;
Hungarian: Ponty;
Icelandic: Karpar;
Italian: Carpa;
Japanese: Koi (コイ), Koi (yasei-gata) {コイ(野生型)}, koi;
Kashmiri:  Punjabe Gad;
Korean: iseula-el-ing-eo (이스라엘잉어), ing-eo (잉어);
Latvian: Karpa;
Lithuanian: karpis;
Macedonian:  Krap;
Malay: Ikan mas, Lauk mas, Leekoh, Mas massan;
Malayalam:  saipṟan;
Marathi: Siprinus, Soneri masha;
Norwegian: Karpe;
Persian: Kapoor-e-Maamoli;
Polish: Karp, Karp amurski a. sazan amurski, Karp dziki a. sazan;
Portuguese: Carpa, Carpa de escama, Carpa-comum;
Russian: Sazan(=karp) { Сазан(=карп)}, Sazan, karp (Сазан, карп), sazan amurskiy (сазан амурский), Amurskii sazan, Amurskiy sazan, Karp, Sazan;
Serbian: Saran;
Slovak: Kapor;
Spanish: Carpa, Carpa barrigona, Carpa comun, Carpa común, Carpa de espejos, Carpa espejo, Carpa germana, Ciortan, Ciortanica, Ciortocrap, Ciuciulean, Crap, Crapcean, Cyprinus carpio, Kapoor-e-Maamoli, Kapor, Karpe, Karpion, Korop, Krapi;
Swedish: Karp;
Tagalog: Karpa;
Thai: Plā h̄līḥụ̄̂x (ปลาหลีฮื้อ), Plā nị (ปลาไน), Pla lee heu, Pla lee ko, Pla nai;
Turkish: Adi pullu, Sazan, Sazan baligi;
Ukrainian: Karp, Korop;
Venda: Kapa;
Vietnamese: Cá dáy, Cá gái, Cá gáy, Cá Chép;
Welsh: Cerpyn;
Laos: pa nai, pba ni;
Latvia: sazan;
Malaysia: leekoh;
Netherlands: karper;
Norway: karpe;
Philippines: karpa, bongka’ong;
Poland: karp dziki a. sazan, karp;
Portugal: sarmão;
Romania: ciortan, ciortocrap, ciortanica, ciortocrap, crapcean, ciuciulean, crap, saran, olocari, sulari, ulucari, suloi, weißfische;
Slovakia: kapor;
South Africa: karp;
Sri Lanka: Rata pethiya;
Sweden: karp;
Thailand: pla nai;
Turkey: sazan baligi, adi pullu;
UK: aischgrund carp, wild common carp, cerpyn;
Ukraine: karp, sazan, korop;
Vietnam: cá chép
Diet Omnivorous, algae, insects, water vegetation, crustaceans, worms, small fish, zooplankton
Habitat Fresh water
Lifespan 47 years
Shape & size Elongated, compressed and Average size: 40-80 cm (15.75-31.5 inches)
Weight 30 kg
Body color Bronze, yellow or brassy
Belly Yellowish to white
Lips Thick
Scales Thick and large
Varieties/Types
  • Common Carp
  • Mirror Carp
  • Leather Carp
  • Crucian Carp
  • Grass Carp
  • Ghost Carp
  • Koi carp
  • The F1 Carp
  • Crucian carp
Health Benefits
  • Healthy heart
  • Anti-inflammatory properties
  • Enhance immunity
  • Gastrointestinal health
  • Chronic ailments
  • Respiratory ailments
  • Bone and teeth health
  • Slows down aging process
  • Sound sleep
  • Hormones
  • Vision health
  • Enhance cognition
Major nutrients Phosphorus, P 903 mg (129.00%)
Isoleucine 1.792 g (107.18%)
Lysine 3.57 g (106.76%)
Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamine) 2.5 µg (104.17%)
Tryptophan 0.435 g (98.86%)
Threonine 1.703 g (96.76%)
Valine 2.003 g (94.84%)
Histidine 1.144 g (92.86%)
Leucine 3.159 g (85.47%)
Protein 38.86 g (77.72%)
Calories in 1 fillet (170 gm) 275 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • The fish treats cough and reduce body temperature.
  • The fish treats suffocation.
  • The blood lowers swelling.
  • The bone cures the vaginal discharge.
  • The brain is used as a treatment for epilepsy.
  • The sore red eyes are treated with gall.
  • Fin helps to cure the period pains.
Precautions Due to the high presence of fat, it could lead to heart problems.
How to Eat It could be canned, pickled and smoked.
Other Facts
  • The world record for Carp fish weighed about 83 pounds.
  • It was originated from Black, Caspian and Aral seas.
  • In Britain it was known in 15th century.
  • It is considered to be a good omen.