Chanterelle mushrooms – Cantharellus californicus Facts

Chanterelle mushrooms, a wild mushroom that grows all over the world, is recognized for its tantalizing taste and hearty texture. Common in Asia, North America, Europe and the Himalayas, chanterelles tend to grow in clusters around the bases of trees. Chanterelles have a meaty texture, along with a mildly peppery taste and smell a little of apricots or peaches when freshly collected.

Name Chanterelle Mushroom
Scientific Name Cantharellus californicus or Cantharellus cibarius
Native Forests of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America.
Common/English Name Golden chanterelle, girolle, egg mushroom, pfifferling, gallinacci
Name in Other Languages France: Girole
Britain: Chanterelle
Germany: Pfifferling
Sweden: Vanlig Kantarell
Italy: finferli
Russia: lisitjka
Czech:
kuratko
Growing Climate On the ground, usually near some sort of hardwood (oaks, conifers, etc).
Soil Damp, but not swampy or marshy ground.
Cap Funnel-shaped cap, of diameter up to 10cm, has a wavy irregular margin. Color varies from light yellow to deep egg-yolk yellow, but sometimes a fine white bloom masks the background color.
Vein Wrinkled veins on the underside of the cap distinguish the Golden Chanterelle from lookalikes such as Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca, the False Chanterelle. The veins are very thick and decurrent, extending well down the stem; they are straight near to the stem but forked and more sinuous towards the edge of the cap.
Stem The stem of Cantharellus cibarius is the same color as or somewhat paler than the cap; often no more than 2cm long and merging into the cap.

When growing in clumps, the stems of Chanterelles are often curved and occasionally joined together near the base.

Spores Ellipsoidal, smooth, 7-11 x 4-6µm; inamyloid; hyaline (translucent and glass-like) in KOH.
Spore Print Pale yellow to creamy white, sometimes with a slight pinkish tinge.
Flesh Color White to pale yellow.
Weight About two pounds
Flavor/Aroma Fragrant like apricots
Taste Mildly peppery
Major Nutrition Iron, Fe 1.87 mg (23.38%)
Copper, Cu 0.191 mg (21.22%)
Vitamin D (D2 + D3) 2.9 µg (19.33%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 2.206 mg (13.79%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)0.58 mg (11.60%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.116 mg (8.92%)
Manganese, Mn 0.154 mg (6.70%)
Potassium, K 273 mg (5.81%)
Total dietary Fiber 2.1 g (5.53%)
Phosphorus, P 31 mg (4.43%)
Health Benefits
  • Brain Function
  • Proper growth
  • Decreased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Maintains Skin Health
  • Stress Reducer
  • Migraine
  • Help Improve Muscle Mass
  • Alleviating PMS Syndrome
Calories in 1cup (54gm) 21 Kcal