Garden Cress – Lepidium sativum Facts

Garden cress is a tangy peppery flavored vegetable which is found growing in cool growing climates and prefers moist, fertile soil rich in organic matters. Because of its high nutritional value and unique taste it is found used as healthy addition to salads and sandwiches throughout the world.

Name Garden Cress
Scientific Name Lepidium sativum
Native Native to Persia and later spread to the gardens of India, Syria, Greece and Egypt.
Common/English Name Peppergrass, poor man’s pepper, mustard and cress, pepperwort pepper grass, garden pepper cress
Name in Other Languages English: cress
Spanish: Mastuerzo
Galician: Masturco
Portuguese: Mastruco do Sul
Plant Growth Habit Annual, erect herbaceous plant,
Growing Climate cool growing conditions with full sun or partial shade
Soil Moist, loose, well-draining and amended with compost and a well-balanced fertilizer
Plant Size 60 cm (24 inches)
Root Stringy white root
Stem Erect, bluish-green, multi-branched stem that can reach 8 to 24 inches in height.
Leaf Basal leaves of garden cress are compound-lobed and equipped with long petioles. Leaves on the upper parts of the stem are usually pinnately lobed.
Leaf Color Green
Leaf Flavor Peppery, tangy flavor
Leaf Taste Peppery taste
Flower White to pinkish flowers is only 2 mm (1/12 of an inch) across, clustered in branched racemes. contain both types of reproductive organs
Flowering Season June to August
Fruit Two-seeded, elliptic, flat, tip broadly winged, with notched tip, grey, approx. 6 mm (0.24 in.) long silicula. Stalk quite erect, 5–8 mm (0.2–0.32 in.) long.
Seed Seeds are tiny and red brown colored
Varieties/Types Wrinkled, Crinkled,Crumpled, Persian, and Curly.
Major Nutrition Cress, garden, Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 271 µg (225.83%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 34.5 mg (38.33%)
Vitamin A, RAE 173 µg (24.71%)
Manganese, Mn 0.276 mg (12.00%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.13 mg (10.00%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 40 µg (10.00%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.124 mg (9.54%)
Copper, Cu 0.085 mg (9.44%)
Iron, Fe 0.65 mg (8.13%)
Potassium, K 303 mg (6.45%)
Health Benefits
  • Provide Cardiovascular Benefits
  • Beneficial for lactating mother
  • Fights Inflammation
  • Preventing Osteoporosis
  • Protects the Nervous System
  • Pregnancy and Birth Defects
  • Helps Treat Anemia
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 16 Kcal