Mamey Sapote Facts

Mamey sapote is a fruit that is technically a berry, though a very large one. It belongs to botanical family, the Sapotaceae, which also includes sapodilla, abiu and canistel. It is native to Central America –Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua Puerto Rico and Mexico and is an erect, lactiferous tree with a spreading open crown, thick central trunk, often narrowly buttressed and a few large branches, growing to 12–18 m sometimes reaching 30–40 m high. Fruit is a berry, ovoid to ellipsoid in shape, 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 in) long and 8 to 12 cm (3 to 4.5 in) wide, often bluntly pointed at the apex and with a persistent calyx at the base. It has sweet delicious taste and wonderful nutritional value due to which it is grown and consumed throughout the world.

Name Mamey Sapote
Scientific Name Pouteria sapota
Native Native to Central America –Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua Puerto Rico and Mexico.
Common/English Name Lava Sapote, Mamey Colorado, Mamey Sapote, Mamee Apple, Mammee Sapote, Mamee Zapote, Marmalade Plum, Marmalade Tree, Red Sapote, Sapote, True Sapote, Zapotillo.
Name in Other Languages Mexico : Chachaas
Brazil : Mamei
Panama : Mamey
Vietnamese : Tru’ng Ga
Jamaica : Marmalade Fruit
Philippines : Chico-Mamei
Columbia : Zapote De Carne
Spanish : Mamey Colorado
Cuba : Mamey Colorado
Venezeula : Zapote
French : Sapotier
Nicaragua : Guaicume
Guadeloupe : Sapote À Crème
Indonesia : Ciko Mama
Malaysia : Chico-Mamey
German : Große Sapote
Portuguese : Zapote De Carne
Costa Rica : Mamey
El Salvador : Zapote Grande
Martinique : Grosse Sapote
Haiti : Sapotier Jaune D’oeuf
Ecuador : Mamey Colorado
Plant Growth Habit Erect, lactiferous tree with a spreading open crown
Growing Climate Thrives best in humid tropical or near tropical lowlands with warm temperatures
Soil Well-drained soils, from heavy clays to the limestone and infertile sandy soils. It is intolerant of constantly wet or flooded soil conditions which impedes root development and enhances root rots by soil-borne fungi.
Plant Size 15 to 45 meters (49 to 148 ft.) at maturity.
Leaf Large, 10–30 cm by 4–10 cm wide, simple, obovate to oblanceolate, with broadly-acuminate apex, tapering base, entire margin, prominent depressed mid-rib and lateral veins, glossy green above, paler green beneath, pubescent becoming glabrous with age.

Leaves are clustered at the end of branches and borne on 2–5 cm long petioles.

Flower Small, white to pale creamy white, bisexual, subsessile, pentamerous, five fertile stamens, five staminodes, one ovary, style and stigma.
Fruit Shape &Size Berry, sub globose, ovoid to ellipsoid, 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 in) long and 8 to 12 cm (3 to 4.5 in) wide, often bluntly pointed at the apex and with a persistent calyx at the base.
Fruit Color Russet-brown
Fruit Weight 0.3–2.7 kg.
Fruit Skin Woody, rough, scurfy, about 1–2 mm thick.
Flesh Color Deep orange, salmon-pink or reddish brown in color, smooth to finely granular in texture, aromatic, sweet, soft and firm.
Flavor/Aroma Sweet, almond like, unique flavor.
Taste Sweet like a combination of pumpkin, chocolate and almond or akin to a mixture of sweet potato, avocado and honey.
Seed 1–4 large, 5–8 cm long, glossy-dark brown, ellipsoid, pointed seeds with a light brown hilum on the ventral side.
Varieties
  • Pontin
  • Magana
Season May to July but some cultivars available all year
Major Nutrition Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 1.26 mg (96.92%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 40.2 mg (44.67%)
Carbohydrate 56.18 g (43.22%)
Copper, Cu 0.373 mg (41.44%)
Total dietary Fiber 9.5 g (25.00%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 3.69 mg (24.60%)
Tryptophan 0.086 g (19.55%)
Iron, Fe 1.36 mg (17.00%)
Potassium, K 794 mg (16.89%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 2.506 mg (15.66%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.203 mg (15.62%)
Manganese, Mn 0.357 mg (15.52%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.695 mg (13.90%)
Health Benefits
  • Weight Management
  • Cardiovascular Health
  • Increased Immune Function
  • Helps Treat Anemia
  • Reduces Cholesterol
  • Helps PMS Symptoms
  • Gives skin a Healthy Glow
  • Bone Health
  • Supports Proper Brain Function
  • Helps Support Eye Health
Calories in 1 cup (175 gm) 217 K cal