Napa Cabbage Facts

Napa cabbage is an annual, cool season vegetable. It grows best when the days are short and mild. As in cabbages, Napa grows to oblong shaped head consisting of tightly arranged crinkly, thick, light-green leaves with prominent, pale white veins. At its core, the leaves feature smooth, light yellow hue. It is native to china but nowadays it is grown throughout the world due to its wonderful taste. It is mostly used in East Asian dishes. It tastes delicious when cooked. It is also used raw in many dishes like salads.

Name Napa cabbage
Scientific Name Brassica rapa
Native Beijing region of China
Common/English Name Chinese cabbage, pe-tsai, celery cabbage, Chinese white cabbage, Peking cabbage, won bok, nappa (Japanese), hakusai (Japanese), pao, hsin pei tsai, chinese leaf
Name in Other Languages United Kingdom: Chinese leaf
New Zealand: Wong bok
Australia: Wombok
Philippines: Pechay baguio
China: Sui choi
Plant Growth Habit Annual, cool season vegetable
Growing Climate Grows best in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade
Soil Well-drained, nutrient-rich soil that’s high in organic matter.
Plant Size 18 inches tall and wide
Leaf Shape & Size Long, oval shaped head consisting of tightly arranged crinkly, thick, leaves
Leaf Color Light yellow-green
Leaf Flavor Sweet, crunchy, and celery flavored leaf
Leaf Taste Slightly milder and a little sweeter
Varieties/Types
  • Chilili
  • Che foo
Major Nutrition Vitamin B9 (Folate) 47 µg (11.75%)
Copper, Cu 0.105 mg (11.67%)
Iron, Fe 0.81 mg (10.13%)
Manganese, Mn 0.221 mg (9.61%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 3.5 mg (3.89%)
Calcium, Ca 32 mg (3.20%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.508 mg (3.18%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.04 mg (3.08%)
Phosphorus, P 21 mg (3.00%)
Protein 1.2 g (2.40%)
Health Benefits
  • Prevents Asthma
  • Strong Bones and Teeth
  • Emotional Disorders
  • Helps with Joint Mobility and to Treat Arthritis
  • Fetal Development in Expectant Mothers
  • Treatment of the Common Cold
  • Fights and Damages Diabetes
  • Relief from Premenstrual Symptoms
  • Brain Health
  • Heart Disorders
Calories in 1cup (109gm) 13 Kcal