Pomegranate Facts

Pomegranate is a one of the most popular nutritious fruit, its flavor and qualities makes it different to taste and it has some medicinal properties too. Its outer part has a leathery type texture and it is red/purple or an orange and yellow mixed in color. Inside it consists of cells of juicy arils which are crystal pink and seeds are present inside this in white color. It is a very good and smart choice for your dietary plans, as the nutritional benefits of pomegranate are amazing. The pomegranate arils make a perfect garnish for salads and other dishes also. Its juice is used in soups, jellies, sauces and different other types of cakes and its juice also add natural sweetness to the dishes with a unique flavor. It is said that daily intake of pomegranate makes your skin glow like its color inside. Pomegranate fruit is one of the most popular, nutritionally rich fruit with unique flavor, taste, and heath promoting characteristics. Pomegranate trees planted in perfect locations with the right care begin to produce fruit within one year after planting, but it is not uncommon for new trees to take up to three years to start bearing fruit.

Name Pomegranate
Scientific Name Punica granatum
Native Native from the Middle east to the Himalayas in northern India.
Common/English Name Pomegranate, punic apple, granatapfel, granada, grenade, melograno, melagrana
Name in Other Languages Afghanistan : Poste-Anar
Albanian : Shegë
Arabic : Darabhte-Naiy, Gulnar, Julnar, Rana, Roman, Rumman Shajratur Rumman
Armenian : Noor, Nur
Azerbaijan : Hap, Nar
Brazil : Roma, Romeira, Romazeira
Burmese : Talebin, Thale, Salebin
Catalan : Magraner
Chinese : An Shih Hu, Shi Liu, Shi Liu Pi
Croatian : Nar, Šipak
Czech : Granátové Jablko, Granátovník, Granátovník Obecný, Granátovník Punský, Marhaník
Danish : Granatæble
Dutch : Granaatappel, Granaatboom
Eastonian : Granaatõun, Harilik Granaadipuu
Esperanto : Granato, Granatujo
Finnish : Granaattiomena
French : Balaustier, Grenade, Grenadier, Grenadier Commun, Grenadier D’europe, Pommier De Carthage
Georgian : Broceuli
German : Echte Granate, Granatbaum, Granatapfel, Granatapfelbaum, Granatapfelstrauch, Grenadine
Greek : Rodi, Ródi, Rodia, Rodiá
Guatemala : Granad
Hebrew : Rimmon, Rimon
Hungarian : Gránátalma, Közönséges Gránátalma, Pomagránát, Termesztett Gránátalma
Icelandic : Granatepli, Kjarnepli
India :

  • Assamese: Dalim
  • Bengali: Dalim, Dalimgachh
  • Dogri: Dadim, Danoi, Daroona, Darooni
  • Gujrati: Dadam, Dadamna Bee
  • Hindu: Amar, Anaar, Anar, Anar-Ka-Per, Anar-Ke- Per, Anardana, Auar, Dalimo, Dalimu, Dalmiya, Daram, Daran, Darim, Darimu, Daroo, Daru, Dhalim, Dharimb, Dharu, Doran, Gulnar-Ka- Per, Nirgal, Ringal
  • Kannada: Daadima, Daalimbe, Daalimbe Mara, Dalimba, Dadima, Dadimbe, Dalimabay, Dalimba, Dalimbare, Dalimbe, Dalimbe-Gida, Dalimbuhannu, Dhalimbe, Huli Daalimbe Mara, Hulidalimbe, Hushidalimbe, Husidalimbe (),
  • Konkani: Dalimb
  • Malayalam:  Dadimam, Dadiman, Madala, Matalam, Matalam- Cheti, Matalanarakam, Pumatalam, Raktabijam, Talimadalam, Talimatalam, Urumampalam, Urumampazham, Uruyampalam
  • Manipuri: Kaphoi, Kamphoi
  • Marathi: Anārdānā, Anardana, Daalimb, Dalimb, Dalimba, ḍāḷīmb, ḍāḷīmbāce Dāṇe
  • Mizoram: Theibuhfai
  • Oriya: Dalimba, Nagarata, Theibuhfai
  • Punjabi: Anar
  • Sanskrit: Bijapura, Dadima, Dadima-Phalam, Dadimah, Dadimam, Dadimaphalam, Dadi masara, Dadimavrikshaha, Dadimba, Dalika, Dantabijaka, Darimba, Ija, Karaka, Kuchaphala, Kuttima, Lohitapush paka, Lohitapuspaka, Madhu bija, Milapatra, Milapatraka, Mukha vallabha, Nagarata, Parvarut, Phalamla, Phalas hadava, Pindapushpa, Pindira, Raktabija, Rakta pushpa, Shukadana, Shukavallabha, Sunila, Suphala, Svadvamla, Valkaphala, Vrittaphala
  • Tamil: Arocakanacani, Arulmaram, Arumaram, Atalai, Catimataki, Catipancu, Cerukkam, Cikap pu matalai, Civappuc can tanikacceti, Civap puccantanikam, Civappu matalai, Cukacanam, Cukatanam, Cukavallam, Cukkilestam, Ekamuli, Inippu Matalai, Inippu matalai, Inippumatulai, Irattapittapicakam, Iratta vicam, Irattavitacceti, Irucakam, Irucukam, Kalkapalam, Kalumal Madalai, Karkapalacceti, Karkapalam, Kavaiyal, Kovarttanam, Kucapalam, Kucapalamaram, Kukarumulimpam, Kurucattam, Kuttinam, Maathulai, Madalai, Madalai-Ch-Chedi, Madalai- P-Pazham, Madalam, Madalangkai, Madalum Vayr, Madhalai, Madhulam, Madhu lami, Madulai, Madulam, Madulungam, Magilam Palam, Malaki, Mandulai, Manimatari, Manipicam, Manipi camaram, Manivicam, Maniviciramam, Manivici ramaram, Maralam, Maralam, Marala maram, Marayam, Matalaimacaki, Matalai maca ki maram, Matalam, Matalampu, Matalunkam, Mathalai, Mathulai, Matulai, Matulainkam, Matulam, Matulankam, Matulankam, Matulankamaram, Matulunkam, Matulunkamaram, Matuvicam, Nallamatulai, Narumatulam, Narumatulam, Nattu matalai, Palacatavam, Palacatavamaram, Palaca vatam, Palapuracceti, Palapurakam, Palapurakamaram, Picapuram, Picapuram, Pintirakacceti, Pintirakam, Pintiram, Piraputam, Pu-Madalai, Pulimadalai, Pulippumatulai, Puma dalai, Rumman, Tacanapicam, Tadima dalai, Tadimam, Talimpamayati, Tantapi cakam, Tantapicam, Tantapijakam, Tatimakkani, Tatimam, Tatimatulai, Tittippumatulaimaram, Tittippuppalai, Tucakamatulai, Tucakatitam, Tucakatitamaram, Tuccam, Tuccam, Tusagam, Urucakam, Urumamapalam, Uruntanirpputpi, Utirapantam, Varaimatalacci, Varaiyutakam, Vinnarakam, Vinnarakamaram, Vintapurakam, Viraiyotakam, Virotam, Viruttapalam
  • Telugu: Daadimamu, Daadimba, Daalimba Chettu, Daalimma, Daanimma, Dadima, Dadima-Chetu, Dadimamu, Dadimba, Dadima Pandu, Dadimma, Dalimba, Dalimba-Chettu, Dalimma, Dalunimma, Danima, Danimma, Danimmapandu, Danimma- Chettu, Dhanimmapandu, Karakamu, Pulladaanimma, Pulladanimma, Puvvudaanimma, Puvvud animma, Thiyyadaanimma, Tiyyadanimma
  • Gulnar Farsi: Aab-E-Amar, Amardana, Anaar, Anar, Anar Dana, Anar Dona, Anar Shirin, Anardana, Anaspal, Goolnar, Gul Amar, Gul Anar, Gul-I-Anar, Gulnar, Gulnar
  • Urdu: Hab-I-Qilqil, Naspal, Poast Anar, Rub Amar Shirin, Rub Anar, Rub Anar Shirin, Rub Anar Tursh, Rub-I-Anar Shirin, Sharbat Anarshirin, Tub-I-Anar Shirin

Indonesia : Delima, Gangsalan
Iran : Ìgolnar-E-Farsiî
Italian : Granato, Melagrano, Melogranato, Melograno, Melograno Bonsai, Melograno Da Fiore, Pomo Granato, Pomo Punico
Japanese : Sekiryu, Zakuro
Kazakh : Anar, Anar Ağaşı, Anar Ağašy, Ahap
Khmer : Totum
Korean : Seok Ryu, Seongnyu, Sokryunann, Songnyu
Kurdish : Henar
Laotian : Kok Mak Phi La,Ph’iila
Luganda : Nkomawawanga
Malaysia : Buah Delima
Maltese : Rummiena
Nepal : Anaar, Daariim, Darmi
Norwegian : Granateple
Pakistan : Anar
Papiamento : Granatapel
Persian : Anaar, Darakhte-Gulnar, Darakhte-Nar, Dulim, Dulima, Gulnar, Gulnar (Flowers), Nar
Philippines : Delima, Granada ( Tagalog)
Polish : Granat, Granatowiec Właściwy
Portuguese : Romã, Romãnzeira, Romãnzeira- De-Jardim, Romeira
Romanian : Rodie
Russian : Granat, Granatnik
Samoan : Limoni
Sardinian : Melagranada
Serbian : Hap
Slovak : Granátové Jablko, Granátové Semená, Granátovník Púnsky;
Slovenia : Granatno Jabolko
Spanish : Granada, Granado, Grenada, Grenadier, Mangraner, Mangrano
Swedish : Granatäpple
Swahili : Komamanga, Kudhumani
Syrian : Ruman
Thai : Ma Ko, Thap Thim ( Central ), Phila ( Nong Khai ), Bakoh ( Northern )
Tongan : Pomikanite
Turkish: Rumman, Nar, Nar Cğacı
Ukrainian : Granat
Vietnamese : Cây Lựu, Lựu, Thap Lựu
Yiddish : Milgraym

Plant Growth Habit Deciduous, much-branched, small tree or shrub
Growing Climate Primarily mild-temperate to subtropical and naturally adapted to regions with cool winters and hot summers, but can also be grown in warm tropical areas. It does not flower and fruit well in very humid and wet climates.
Soil Adaptable to a wide range of soil types including soils on which other fruit species will not grow. It thrives on calcareous soil, alkaline soil, and gravelly soil and on deep, acidic loams. For commercial cultivation well-drained, heavy, light and medium soils are preferred although it can withstand seasonal waterlogging. Irrigation is required to sustain high yields in drier areas.
Plant Size 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft) high
Bark Smooth, dark grey bark
Branches Terete, opposite and branchlets usually ending in spines.
Leaf Opposite, glabrous, coriaceous, glossy green, entire, simple, oblong-lanceolate to obovate or elliptic, 19–35(−50) × 8–12 (−15) mm, sub petiolate, apex sub-acute to obtuse
Flower Large, showy, scarlet red or white, bisexual, to 4 cm across, solitary or clustered at the shoot apex. Calyx campanulate, reddish or purplish with six triangular, persistent lobes, Petals 6, broadly obovate, wrinkled, alternating with the sepal lobes, stamens numerous, multi seriate, persistent, inserted on flower tube, Ovary sub globose, inferior with three cells in two-series, style one thick, reddish, stigma simple slightly bilobed.
Fruit Shape & Size Fruit is a berry, intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5–12 cm (2.0–4.7 in) in diameter with a rounded shape
Fruit Color Pale red to scarlet to purple or brownish,
Fruit Skin Thick and coriaceous reddish skin
Fruit Weight About 200 gm.
Flavor/Aroma Subtle, sweet-sour and tart flavor
Taste Sweet or sour
Seed One white, pink or red, angular, soft or hard seed 10–13 mm long.
Varieties/Types
  • Scaly Bark Tree Form Pomegranate
  • Russian Pomegranate
  • Plantation Sweet Pomegranate
  • Grenada Pomegranate
  • Goliath Pomegranate
  • Dwarf Pomegranate
  • Babylonian White Pomegranate
  • Nana Pomegranate
  • Eight Ball Pomegranate
  • State Fair Pomegranate
  • Granada Pomegranate
  • Wonderful Pomegranate
  • Angel Red Pomegranate
Major Nutrition Copper, Cu 0.275 mg (30.56%)
Carbohydrate 32.54 g (25.03%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 28.5 µg (23.75%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 17.7 mg (19.67%)
Total dietary Fiber 7 g (18.42%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 66 µg (16.50%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.656 mg (13.12%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.13 mg (10.00%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.117 mg (9.75%)
Phosphorus, P 63 mg (9.00%)
Health Benefits
  • Help Fight Arthritis and Joint Pain
  • Ageing
  • May Improve Exercise Performance
  • Help Improve Memory
  • Help Fight Bacterial and Fungal Infections
  • Diabetes
  • Help Treat Erectile Dysfunction
  • Dental Care
  • Lower Risk of Heart Disease
  • Anemia
  • Lower Blood Pressure
  • Relieve Stress
  • Help Fight Prostate Cancer
  • Impressive Anti-Inflammatory Effects
Calories in 1 cup (174 gm) 144 K cal