Soursop Facts

Also called graviola, soursop is a large, spiny, green tropical fruit with a sweet flesh that is the basis for several beverages, ice creams and other sweet foods popular in South America. Beyond its usefulness as a food, however, soursop also contains natural compounds with medicinal properties, making it potentially beneficial for your health. Soursop is known by a plethora of different names depending on its country of cultivation. The name, soursop is derived from the Dutch zuurzak which means “sour sack.” In most tropical regions of the world, where the plant grows, it is often referred as a miracle tree. The seeds and bark are toxic and contain poisonous alkaloids such as anonaine, muricine, and hydrocyanic acid.

Name Soursop
Scientific Name Annona muricata
Native Antilles in the Caribbean, Central America and in northern South America.
Common/English Name Brazilian Pawpaw, Guanabana, Prickly Custard Apple, Soursop, Corossol, Sugar Apple.
Name in Other Languages Marquesan: Koroso
Angola: Sap-Sap (Portuguese)
Madagascar: Corossol
Tuamotuan: Korosor
Antilles: Cachiman Épineux
Senegal: Corossolier (Diola)
Bolivia: Sinini
Reunion: Coprossol
Brunei: Durian Salat
French: Anone
Chamorro: Laguaná
Portuguese: Graviola
Cook Islands: Kātara‘Apa
Eastonian: Oga-Annoona
Papiamento: Sòrsaka
Fijian: Sarifa
German: Sauersack,
Philippines: Ilabanos
Cameroon: Saba-Saba (Eséka)
Thai: Rian-Nam
Guinea Conakry: Doukoume Porto (Foula Du Fouta-Djallon)
Mokilese: Truka Shai
Tahitian: Tapotapo Papa‘A
Hungarian: Savanyúalma
Banaban: Te Tiotabu
Japanese: Toge Banreishi
Yapese: Sausau
Comoros: Konokono (Anjouan Island)
Khmer: Tiep Banla
Dutch: Zuurzak
Russian: Annona Murikata
Laotian: Khan Thalot
Brazzaville: Corossolier
Malaysia: Datu Alo (Kelabit)
Vietnamese: Mang Cân Xiem
Rodrigues Island: Coronsol
Marshallese: Jojaa
Spanish: Anona
Chuukese: Saasaf
Mauritius: Corossol
Brazil: Araticum-Grande
Togo: Anyigli
Mexico: Catuche
Samoan: Sanalapa
Benin: Gniglou
Niuean: Talapo Fotofoto
Kosraean: Sosap
Danish: Pigget Annona
Tongan: ‘Apele ‘Initia
Palauan: Sausab
Indonesia: Nangka Seberang
Papua New Guinea: Saua Sap
Guatemala: Guanaba
Democratic Republic Of Congo: Mustafeli (Shi)
Rotuman: Ai’ Pen Mamami
Dominican Republic: Guanábana
Puerto Rico: Guanábana
Seychelles: Corosso (French)
India: Mullu Raamana Phala
Sierra Leone: Soursap (Krio)
Cuba: Guanábana
Venezuela: Catuche
Pohnpeian: Sae
Plant Growth Habit Small, much branched, perennial tree
Growing Climate Humid tropical and subtropical lowlands with moderate humidity, plenty of sun and shelter from strong winds.
Soil Thrives best in deep, rich, well-drained, semi-dry soil, but the soursop tree can be and is commonly grown in acid and sandy soil, and in the porous, oolitic limestone of South Florida and the Bahama Islands.
Plant Size 3–8 m tall
Root Shallow root system
Branchlets Terete, reddish-brown glabrous branchlets
Leaf Malodorous leaves, normally evergreen, are alternate, smooth, glossy, dark green on the upper surface, lighter beneath; oblong, elliptic or narrow obovate, pointed at both ends, 2 1/2 to 8 in (6.25-20 cm) long and 1 to 2 1/2 in (2.5-6.25 cm) wide and have pungent odor when crushed.
Flower Borne singly, may emerge anywhere on the trunk, branches or twigs. They are short stalked, 1 1/2 to 2 in (4 5 cm) long, plump, and triangular-conical, the 3 fleshy, slightly spreading, outer petals yellow-green, the 3 close-set inner petals pale-yellow.
Fruit Shape & Size Oval or heart-shaped, sometimes irregular, lopsided or curved. Size ranges from 4 to 12 in (10-30 cm) long and up to 6 in (15 cm) in width, beset with soft spines with a thin, coriaceous rind
Fruit Color Dark-green while young and turns to slightly yellowish-green as mature
Fruit Skin Tender, inedible, bitter skin
Flesh Color Tender, inedible, bitter skin
Fruit Weight 10 or 15 lbs (4.5-6.8 kg).
Flavor/Aroma Musky, sub acid to acid
Taste Sweet, acidic taste that resembles a mix of strawberry and pineapple.
Seed Numerous, flattened, oval, smooth, hard, black seed, l/2 to 3/4 in (1.25-2 cm) long, glabrous and glossy
Major Nutrition Manganese, Mn 1.4 mg (60.87%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 46.4 mg (51.56%)
Carbohydrate 37.89 g (29.15%)
Copper, Cun 0.193 mg (21.44%)
Total dietary Fiber 7.4 g (19.47%)
Iron, Fe 1.35 mg (16.88%)
Potassium, K 626 mg (13.32%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.158 mg (13.17%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 2.025 mg (12.66%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.569 mg (11.38%)
Magnesium, Mg 47 mg (11.19%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.133 mg (10.23%)
Health Benefits
  • Parasite Control
  • Sedation and Stress
  • Respiratory Distress
  • Increases Energy and Endurance
  • Skin Health
  • Treatment of Hemorrhoid and Infant Diarrhea
  • Gastrointestinal Health
  • Prevents Osteoporosis
  • Treatment of Skin Eruptions
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections
  • Antiseptic
  • Anti-inflammatory Properties
  • Anti-Aging Benefits
  • Immune System Booster
  • Effective for Back Pain
  • Analgesic Properties
Calories in 1 cup (225 gm) 148 K cal