Vetiver essential oil Facts

Vetiver is a grass from the Poaceae family of plants, scientifically called Chrysopogon zizanioides. In India, it’s called “khus,” where it grows naturally, but today it’s also widely produced in Haiti, Java, Japan, the Philippines, and Reunion. A fast-growing perennial, it can survive up to 50 years or more, as all those green leaves are supported by a vast network of underground, interlinked roots that grow vertically, not horizontally, about 12 feet into the soil. These roots are what we use to get vetiver essential oil. Vetiver essential oil is derived through the steam distillation of the plant’s roots. It has a strong initial aroma and is described as woody, Smokey, earthy, herbaceous and spicy. Perhaps the most valued quality of vetiver oil is that it is deeply grounding, and often used for promoting sleep. It is said to also be equally helpful for restlessness.

Name Vetiver   Essential Oil
Scientific Name Chrysopogon zizanioides
Native India mostly Western and Northern India
Name in Other Languages Argentina:

  • Spanish: Capia

Bangladesh:

  • Bengali: Bangla, Benna Shoba, Binna Sopha, Ghonda Bena, Gondha Bena, Ecorban, Ecorbon, Khus Khus

Brazil:

  • Portuguese: Capim de Cheiro, Capim Vetiver, Grama Cheirosa, Gram das Indias, Patcholi

China:           

  • Cantonese: Hang Gen Chao (the word ‘chao’ is spelled ‘cao’ by some authors, but pronounced ‘chao’)
  • Mandarin: Xiang Gen Chao

El Salvador

  • Spanish: Zacate Violeta

Ethiopia:

  • Amharic: Yesero Mekelakeya

Fiji:    

  • English: Vetiver

France:

  • French: Chiendent des Indes, Chiendent Odorant, Gras Vetiver, Herbe Vetiver, Vetivert

Ghana:

  • Dagomba: Kulikarili

Guatemala:

  • Spanish: Pachuli, Pasto Violeta

India:

  • Ayurvedic: Ushira
  • Bangla: Khas, Khas Khas, Khus*, Khus Khus
  • Gujarati: Valo
  • Hindi: Bala, Balah, Bena, Ganrar, Khas, Khas Khas, Khus Khus, Onei, Panni
  • Kannada: Hallu, Kaadu, Kaddu, Karidappasajje Hallu, Laamancha, Laamanche, Lavancha, Vattiveeru
  • Malayalam: Ramaccham, Ramachehamver, Vettiveru
  • Marathi: Vala, Vala Khas Khas
  • Mundari: Birnijono, Sirum, Sirumjon
  • Oudh: Tin
  • Panjabi: Panni
  • Sadani: Birni
  • Sanskrit: Abhaya, Amrinata, Bala, Lamaja, Lamajjaka, Reshira, Sugandhimulu,Usira, Ushira, Virana
  • Santhali: Sirom
  • Telugu: Ayurugaddiveru, Kuruveeru, Lamajja Kamuveru, Vettiveellu, Vattiveeru, Vettiveerum, Vidavaliveru
  • Tamil: Ilamichamver, Vattiver, Vettiver, Vettiveru,Vilhalver, Viranam, Virkal, Vujal 
  • Urdu: Khas

Indonesia:

  • Bahasa: Agar Wangi, Lara Setu, Lara Westu, Rara Weatu, Rumput Wangi
  • Batak: Hapias
  • Bugis: Sere Ambong
  • Buol: Akadu
  • Gayo: Useur
  • Gorontaro: Tahele
  • Halmahera: Babu Wamendi
  • Jawa: Lara Setu
  • Madura: Kara Bistu
  • Minagkabau: Urek Usa
  • Roti: Nausina Fuik
  • Sundanese: Janur, Nara Wastu, Usar
  • Ternate: Garama Kusu Batawi
  • Tidore: Barama Kusu Butai

Iran:

  • Persian: Bikhiwala, Khas

Laos:

  • Laotian: Ya Faek

Latin America (see also individual countries):

  • Spanish: Capia, Mora, Pasto Vetiver, Tiva, Zacate Valeriana, Zacate Vetiver, Zacate Violet(t)a
  • Portuguese: Pacholi, Pachuli

Malaysia:

  • Bahasa: Akar Wangi, Kusu Kusu, Naga Setu, Nara Setu, Nara Wastu, Rumput Wangi

Myanmar:

  • Myanmese: Myat Myit Hmway

Nepal:

  • Nepalese: Kas, Khas Khas

Nigeria (and North African countries across sub-Saharan belt):

  • Fulani: Chor’dor’de, Ngongonari, So’dornde, So’mayo, Zemako
  • Hausa: Jema

Pakistan:

  • Arabic: Khas
  • Urdu: Aseer, Daron, Khas 

(Amazonian) Peru:

  • Portuguese: Pachuli (a name adopted from neighboring Brazil)

Philippines:
Official name in the Philippines: Moras

  • Bikol: Mora, Rimoras
  • Bisaya: Mora, Moras, Mura, Rimodas, Tres Moras
  • Cebu-Central Bisaya: Amoora, Muda
  • Iloko:  Amoras, Anis de Moro
  • Pampango: Anias de Moras, Ilib
  • Panay Bisaya: Giron, Rimodas
  • Sambali:  Rimora
  • Spanish:  Raiz de Moras
  • Sulu:  Narawasta
  • Tagalog:  Moras, Moro

Portugal:

  • Portuguese: Capim de Boma, Capim Vetiver

Puerto Rico:

  • Spanish: Baul de Pobre, Pacholi

Sahel (Region in north-central Africa, south of the Sahara):

  • Bambara: Babin, Ngoka Ba, Ngongon
  • Fulani: Dimi, Kieli, Pallol
  • Gurma: Kulkadere
  • Mossi: Roudoum
  • Sarakolle: Kamare
  • Songhai: Diri

Senegal:

  • Bamabara: Khamara
  • Fulani: Toul
  • Poulaar: Sodorde
  • Tukulor: Semban
  • Wolof: Sep, Sepp, Tiep

Sierra Leone:

  • Mende: Pindi
  • Susu: Barewali
  • Temne: An-wunga Ro-gban

South Africa:

  • Zulu: Muskus

Spain:

  • Spanish: Grama de la India

Sri Lanka:

  • Sinhalese: Saivandera, Savandara, Savandramul

St. Vincent:

  • English: Khus Khus (originated from South Asian dialects, viz. Bengali, Hindi, or Urdu)

Tanzania:

  • Kiswahili: Vetiva

Togo:

  • Dagomba: Kulikarili

Thailand:

  • Vetiveria zizanioides:
  • Central and Nakhon Ratchasima: Ya Faek Hom, Ya Faek, Ya Khom Faek
  • Central: Faek Lum, Faek Hom, Ya Faek, Ya Khom Faek,
  • General (all over the country): Faek
  • Kamphaeng Phet: Faek Ko Takhrai, Saeng Mong
  • Karen-Mae Sariang: Po Sia Khi
  • Nakhon Phanom: Faek Som, Faek Tham
  • Northeastern: Kaeng Hom, Khaem Hom  
  • Vetiveria nemoralis:
  • Central: Faek Don
  • Chiang Mai: Ya Faek

Venezuela:

  • Spanish: Petiver

Vietnam:

Vietnamese: Huong Bai, Huong Lau

Oil Color Light amber brown
Oil Flavor Pleasant, mild, earthy, and musky smell
Health Benefits
  • Anti-Inflammatory Properties
  • Heals Scars and Marks on Skin
  • Antiseptic Properties
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Soothes Anxiety and Nervousness
  • Lyme Prevention
  • Tonic
  • Repels Termites
  • Bug Repellant
  • Nervine
  • Sedative
  • Vulnerary
  • Treats ADHD