|Wild cherry Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Prunus avium|
|Origin||Mediterranean region such as eastern Europe/western Turkey|
|Colors||Red to dark-red|
|Shapes||Drupe, Diameter: 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 inch)|
|Flesh colors||Dark red|
|Major nutrients||Fluoride (77.50%)
Vitamin C (12.00%)
Dietary Fiber (8.42%)
|Health benefits||Improves immunity, Prevents cancer, Eye Health, Mental health, Assist digestion|
The cherry is native to Mediterranean region such as eastern Europe/western Turkey. By 800 BC., it was cultivated in Turkey then it was grown on all continents but Antartica.
Wild cherry is a large, deciduous and perennial tree, generally standing 15–32 m (49–105 ft.) in height. The leaves are alternately arranged, elliptic-ovate to obovate-elliptic in shape with length: 7–14 cm (2.8–5.5 inch) and breadth: 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in). The buds are glabrous in ovoid-ellipsoid shape. The 1.5 to 3 cm across flowers is white or pink, hermaphrodite, bisexual and fragrant. The plant yields the flower during early spring. The roots are fibrous and have reddish-brown, smooth bark. The branchlets are green and greyish brown. The plant has the lifespan of 60 years. It grows very well under colder climates and thrives in well-drained soils.
The fruit is drupe having 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 inch) as a diameter and red to dark-red in color which matures from early to mid-summer. The flesh is generally dark red. Wild cherries have bitter taste and taste ranges to sweet. The seeds have 6–8 mm length which is enclosed in a hard stony shell.
Wild cherries are high in Vitamin C and A, folate and other nutrients which prevent the chances of stroke, heart disease, cancer, vision loss, maintains the cholesterol level and blood pressure.
- Eliminates free radicals
Cherries are rich in antioxidants named flavonoids and Vitamin C which helps to eliminate free radicals and prevent the age related ailments such as weakening of heart and nervous system, vision loss, loss of hair, macular degeneration, wrinkles, libido loss, colon and prostate cancer. This also helps nervous disorders, sleeplessness and mental discomforts. The presence of Flavonoids and Carotenoids repairs the damage made by free radicals and neutralizes the body systems.
- Improves immunity
Antioxidants also enhance the immunity power which prevents from the viral, bacterial and fungal infections in the intestines, urinary tract, colon and excretory system. It also effectively eliminates colds, coughs, flu and other fevers.
- Prevents cancer
Vitamin A, C, carotenoids and flavonoids are considered as the powerful anti-carcinogenic compounds which forbids the cancer cell growth and prevents the new cancer growth by eliminating the free radicals which is the main cause for cancer.
- Eye Health
It repair the damage caused by the free radicals and soothes inflammation, eyes and maintains the ocular pressure. It also prevents the eyes from infections.
- Mental health
Carotenoids and Flavonoids are essential for the proper functioning of the brain and improving memory. The antioxidant prevents the age related disorders and also protects the nervous system. It treats the nervous disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety, disappointment, depression and chronic stress.
6. Assist digestion
Fiber which is found in Wild cherries relieves the constipation and also supports digestion. The flavonoids trigger the bile and digestive juices whereas the Vitamins enhance the nutrient absorption.
- Prevents heart disease
Vitamins, antioxidants and phosphorus are the cardio-protectors which prevents the heart from damage caused by the oxidants. It also assists to maintain the heart rate, prevents hardening of blood vessels, reduces the blood pressure and cholesterol and also reduces the chances of heart attacks. It also enhances the cardiac muscles.
- Prevents anemia
The study shows that copper is essential for the iron absorption from an intestinal tract and assist the iron to release into the liver. Iron helps in the production of red blood cells. The deficiency of copper leads to the iron deficiency which is the cause for Anemia and might experience the symptoms such as muscle aches, fatigue, digestive problems and defective brain function.
- Prevents cramps
The foods rich in potassium reduce the muscle cramps and improve the strength of muscles. The deficiency in potassium results to the muscle cramps.
- Skin and hair health
Vitamin B5 can lower the signs of aging such as dark spots, wrinkles and discolorations. The studies show that Vitamin B5 prevents the changing of hair color due to aging. Vitamin B5 also reduces the body-wide inflammation.
The health benefits attributed to Wild cherries are due to the high presence of vitamins, minerals, nutrients, and lipids found in them. These nutritional elements include vitamin C, vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B2 and Vitamin B1 as well as minerals such as potassium, manganese, copper, and phosphorus. It is packed with phytonutrients and flavonoids like quercetin, peonodin, epicatechin and others.
|Total Fat (lipid)||0.31 g||0.89%|
|Total dietary Fiber||3.2 g||8.42%|
|Total Sugars||19.74 g||N/D|
|Glucose (dextrose)||10.15 g||N/D|
|Copper, Cu||0.092 mg||10.22%|
|Potassium, K||342 mg||7.28%|
|Iron, Fe||0.55 mg||6.88%|
|Manganese, Mn||0.108 mg||4.70%|
|Phosphorus, P||32 mg||4.57%|
|Magnesium, Mg||17 mg||4.05%|
|Calcium, Ca||20 mg||2.00%|
|Zinc, Zn||0.11 mg||1.00%|
|Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)||10.8 mg||12.00%|
|Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)||0.306 mg||6.12%|
|Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)||0.075 mg||5.77%|
|Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)||0.051 mg||3.92%|
|Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)||0.042 mg||3.50%|
|Vitamin B9 (Folate, Folic acid)||6 µg||1.50%|
|Vitamin B3 (Niacin)||0.237 mg||1.48%|
|Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)||0.11 mg||0.73%|
|Vitamin A||5 µg||0.71%|
|Beta Carotene||59 µg||N/D|
|Lutein + zeaxanthin||131 µg||N/D|
|Tocopherol, beta||0.02 mg||N/D|
|Tocopherol, gamma||0.06 mg||N/D|
|Vitamin K (phylloquinone)||3.2 µg||N/D|
|Fatty acids, total saturated||0.059 g||0.09%|
|Myristic acid 14:00(Tetradecanoic acid)||0.002 g||N/D|
|Palmitic acid 16:00 (Hexadecanoic acid)||0.042 g||N/D|
|Stearic acid 18:00 (Octadecanoic acid)||0.014 g||N/D|
|Fatty acids, total monounsaturated||0.072 g||N/D|
|Palmitoleic acid 16:1 (hexadecenoic acid)||0.002 g||N/D|
|Oleic acid 18:1 (octadecenoic acid)||0.072 g||N/D|
|Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated||0.08 g||0.47%|
|Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid)||0.042 g||N/D|
|Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid)||0.04 g||N/D|
|Amino Acids||Amount||% DV|
|Aspartic acid||0.876 g||N/D|
|Glutamic acid||0.128 g||N/D|
|(-)-Epicatechin 3-gallate||0.1 mg||N/D|
|Proanthocyanidin dimers||5.3 mg||N/D|
|Proanthocyanidin trimers||4.2 mg||N/D|
|Proanthocyanidin 4-6mers||10.2 mg||N/D|
|Proanthocyanidin 7-10mers||2.8 mg||N/D|
Wild cherry facts
Wild cherry is a shallow rooted which can be grown in various types of soil. But it prefers deep fertile soils with adequate supply of water. The tree could not tolerate waterlogged, heavy clays and poor drained sites.
|Scientific Name||Prunus avium|
|Native||Mediterranean region such as eastern Europe/western Turkey. By 800 BC., it was cultivated in Turkey. Then it was grown on all continents but Antartica.|
|Common/English Name||Bird Cherry, Bing Cherry, Gean, Crab Cherry, Mazzard, Wild Cherry, Sweet Cherry|
|Name in Other Languages||Croatian: Tresnja;
Czech: Třešeň Ptačí, Toešeň Ptačí;
Danish: Sødkirsebær, Fugle-Kirsebær;
Dutch: Zoete Kerseboom, Kers;
Estonian: Magus Kirsipuu,
Finnish: Imeläkirsikka, Kirsikka;
French: Merisier, Amèrise;
German: Wildkirsche, Bauernkirsche;
Hungarian: Vadcseresznye, Cseresznye
Italian: Ciregiolo, Ciliegia Dolce;
Japanese: Seiyo-Mizakura, Kanka Outou;
Korean: Yangsalgu, Beo Jji;
Malay: Buah Céri;
Norwegian: Søtkirsebær, Morell;
Polish: Trzeshnia Dzika, Czereśnia;
Portuguese: Cerejeira-Brava, Agriota;
Russian: Vishnia Ptich’ia, Chereshnia;
Slovenian: Cheshnja, Čerešňa Vtáčia;
Spanish: Picota, Cerasus Dulce;
Swedish: Vildkörsbär, Fågelbär;
Turkish: Yabani Kiraz, Kiraz
|Plant Growth Habit||Large, deciduous, perennial tree|
|Growing Climate||Colder climate|
|Plant Size||15–32 m (49–105 ft.)|
|Root||Fibrous, may sucker|
|Bark||Reddish-brown and smooth|
|Branchlets||Green and greyish-brown|
|Leaf||Alternate, elliptic-ovate to obovate-elliptic, length: 7–14 cm (2.8–5.5 inch) and breadth: 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in)|
|Flowering Season||Early spring|
|Flower||White and pink, hermaphrodite, bisexual, fragrant, 1.5–3 cm across|
|Fruit shape & size||Drupe, Diameter: 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 inch)|
|Fruit color||Red to dark-red|
|Flesh color||Dark red|
|Seed||Length: 6–8 mm|
|Fruit Season||Early to mid-summer|
|Major Nutritions||Fluoride 3.1 mg (77.50%)
Carbohydrate 24.66 g (18.97%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 10.8 mg (12.00%)
Copper, Cu 0.092 mg (10.22%)
Total dietary Fiber 3.2 g (8.42%)
Potassium, K 342 mg (7.28%)
Iron, Fe 0.55 mg (6.88%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.306 mg (6.12%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.075 mg (5.77%)
Manganese, Mn 0.108 mg (4.70%)
|Calories in 1cup (154 gm)||97 Kcal.|
|How to Eat||
|Scientific name||Prunus avium|