Kale – Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) Facts

Kale is an annual plant which is found growing in cool environment but likes sunny locations. It is a cruciferous vegetable native to eastern Mediterranean or Asia Minor, but due to its dense nutritional value as well as delightful taste it is grown throughout the world.

Name Kale
Scientific Name Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group)
Native Eastern Mediterranean or Asia Minor
Common/English Name Borecole, non-heading cabbage,  broccoli
Plant Growth Habit Annual plant
Growing Climate Cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location
Soil Rich, well-drained soil rich in organic matter.
Plant Size Six or seven feet;
Stem Erect stem that can grow close to the ground
Leaf Shape & Size Large, curly or plain leaves arranged in the form of rosette.
Leaf Color Light or dark green, violet-green or violet-brown
Leaf Flavor Sweet and succulent
Leaf Taste Warm temperature leads to bitter taste

Cold weather in tasteful natty-flavored leaves.

Flower Yellow flowers arranged in the clusters on top of the flowering stem.
Fruit Fruit of kale is seedpod filled with numerous seed.
Seed Seeds resemble those of cabbage  and are small and black colored
Varieties/Types Dinosaur, Lacinato, Nero Di Toscana, Dwarf Blue Scotch, Redbor, Red Russian, White Russian, Wild Garden Blend, Winterbor, Winter Red, Curly Kale, Ornamental Kale
Major Nutrition Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 1062.1 µg 885.08%
Vitamin A, RAE 885 µg 126.43%
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 53.3 mg 59.22%
Manganese, Mn 0.541 mg 23.52%
Copper, Cu 0.203 mg 22.56%
Iron, Fe 1.17 mg 14.63%
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.179 mg 13.77%
Calcium, Ca 94 mg 9.40%
Isoleucine 0.148 g 8.85%
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.1 mg 7.33%
Health Benefits
  • Loaded with Antioxidant
  • Help to Lose Weight
  • Protect the Eyes
  • Help prevent cancer
  • Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease
  • Prevent gout and kidney stones
  • Good for skin
  • Prevents inflammation and builds healthy bones
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 36 Kcal


The information on this website is only for learning and informational purposes. It is not meant to be used as a medical guide. Before starting or stopping any prescription drugs or trying any kind of self-treatment, we strongly urge all readers to talk to a doctor. The information here is meant to help you make better decisions about your health, but it's not a replacement for any treatment your doctor gives you. If you are being treated for a health problem, you should talk to your doctor before trying any home remedies or taking any herbs, minerals, vitamins, or supplements. If you think you might have a medical problem, you should see a doctor who knows what to do. The people who write for, publish, and work for Health Benefits Times are not responsible for any bad things that happen directly or indirectly because of the articles and other materials on this website www.healthbenefitstimes.com