Ginger – Zingiber officinale Facts

Ginger is the underground rhizome of the ginger plant, which is used as spice throughout the world. It is a popular herbaceous perennial plant which is found growing in loamy, fertile soil. With its strong distinct flavor that can increase the production of saliva. It is found beneficial for several health problems and is used traditionally since ancient time.

Name Ginger
Scientific Name Zingiber officinale
Native Southeast Asia
Common/English Name Ginger, Jamaican Ginger, Canton Ginger, Green Ginger, Common Ginger, True Ginger Culinary Ginger, Stem Ginger.
Name in Other Languages Dutch : Gember
Albanian : Xhenxhefil
Danish : Ægte Ingefær
Hausa : Afu
Egyptian : Zangabîl
Arabic : Sanjzabile Ratal
Esperanto : Zingibro
Tahitian : Re’a Tinito
Ethiopian : Hargisa ( Afaan Oromoo )
Burmese : Gyin
Democratic Republic of Congo : Tangawisi
Kenyan : Tanguas
Nigerian : Sarkin Zabur ( Bauchi State )
Estonian : Harilik Ingver
Tiβn : Gamug
Ewe : Agumetakui
South African : Ginja (isiXhosa )
Croatian : Cencer
Brazilian : Gengibre
Armenian : Gojabghbegh
Gabon : Ndongo Ya Tsina
Bosnian : Crni Ingver
Hungarian : Álgyömbér
Welsh : Sinsir
Ghana : Akakaduro ( Asante-Twi )
Angolan : Ndjibidi
Madagascar : Sakaintany
Indian : Adrak
Portuguese : Gengibre
Benin : Dote ( Fon )
Hawaiian : ‘Awapuhi Pake
Icelandic : Engifer
Laotian : Khing
Papiamento : Ehember
Thai : Khing
Morocco : Skînzhbîr
Tanzania : Tangawizi (Luguru)
Fante : Akakadur
Vietnamese : Cây Gùng
Serbian : Činčibar
Bulgarian : Dzhindzhifil
Norwegian : Ingefær
Philippines : Luy-a (Bisaya )
Italian : Zenzero
Czech : Dumbir
Kampuchean : Khnehey
German : Ingwer-Gewürz
Malaysian : Attuja
Korean : Saeng Gang
Hebrew : Zangvil
Spanish : Jengibre
Nzema : Sinziminli
Chinese : Geung ( Cantonese )
Sierra Leone : Kijre ( Kpaa Mende )
Libyan : Schéngibil
Mexican :Anchoas ( Spanish )
Sri Lankan : Inguru (Sinhala )
Republic of Guinea : Nyamaku ( Manika )
Japanese : Jinjaa
Uganda : Ntangahuzi ( Runyaruguru)
Fiji : Cagolaya Ni Vavalagi
Slovenian : Imber
Persian : Jamveel
Nepalese : Aduvaa
Hmong : Kai
Greek : Tzintzer
Swedish : Ingefär
French : Amome
Papua New Guinea : Li ( Madang Province )
Russian : Imbir’
Samoan : Fiu
Indonesian : Jahya
Polish : Imbir Lekarski
Finnish : Inkivääri
Senegal : Niamahu ( Bambara )
Turkish : Zencebil
Ukranian : Imbir Sadovij
Slovakian : Ďumbier
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous perennial plant
Growing Climate Warm, humid monsoon forests
Soil Well-drained, loamy or alluvial fertile soils and likes the addition of well-rotted manure or compost. It is intolerant of waterlogging.
Plant Size 50–100 cm high
Root Shape and Size Subterranean, irregularly branched, thickened and fleshy,
Root Color Light Brown
Root skin Thin brownish skin
Flesh Color Pale yellow, white or red depending on the Varieties
Taste Aromatic, pungent and hot.
Stem Slender, erect leafy shoot, 0.6 cm diameter
Leaf Distichous, lanceolate to linear–lanceolate, 15–25 cm long and about 2 cm wide, sessile, glabrescent, ligule weakly bilobed, membranous.
Flower Flowers arise from axil of bracts, calyx about1 cm, corolla greenish yellow, tube 2 cm long, lip (mid-lobe) oblong–obovate, dull purplish mottled with cream blotches, stamens
dark purple, anther 9 mm, connective appendage 7 mm.
Fruit Fruit is a red capsule.
Varieties/Types Baby Ginger, Organic Ginger, Jamaican Ginger, Thai Ginger and Yellow Ginger
Major Nutrition Copper, Cu 0.054 mg (6.00%)
Carbohydrate 4.26 g (3.28%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.038 mg (2.92%)
Manganese, Mn 0.055 mg (2.39%)
Magnesium, Mg 10 mg (2.38%)
Potassium, K 100 mg (2.13%)
Iron, Fe 0.14 mg (1.75%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 1.2 mg (1.33%)
Total dietary Fiber 0.5 g (1.32%)
Choline 6.9 mg (1.25%)
Health Benefits
  • Help Fight Infections
  • Protect Against Alzheimer’s disease
  • Prevent Cancer
  • Lower Cholesterol Levels
  • Reduce Menstrual Pain
  • Help Treat Chronic Indigestion
  • Helpful for Osteoarthritis
  • Reduce Muscle Pain and Soreness
  • Treat Nausea, especially Morning Sickness
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 19 Kcal


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