Black cohosh facts

Black cohosh is a herbaceous perennial plant which has serrated and pinnate leaves with the three lobed leaflets. It can grow up to 3-8 ft. tall which depends on the growing conditions. The small white flowers are grown in the long stalks. These flowers turn into seed pods that dry out in early fall and late summer. The horizontal roots and rhizomes are black.

Name Black Cohosh
Scientific Name Actaea racemosa
Native Native to North America
Common/English Name Black snakeroot, Squawroot, Rattlesnake root, Black cohosh, Macrotys, Black snakeroot, Bugwort, Bugbane, Rattleweed, Rattleroot, Rattletop, Richweed, Actée à Grappes Noires, Actaea racemosa, Actée Noire, Baie d’actée, Baneberry, Aristolochiaceae Noire, Cimicifuga, Cimicaire à Grappes, Herbe aux Punaises, Cytise, Phytoestrogen, Rhizoma Cimicifugae, Racine de Serpent, Tall bugbane, Sheng Ma, Columbine leaved leontice, Cordate rattle top, Black bugbane, False cohosh, Fairy candles and Papoose root
Name in Other Languages Chinese: Zong zhuang sheng ma
French: Chasse-punaises,
German: Traubensilberkerze,
Italian: Cimicifuga,
Spanish: Cohosh negro
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous
Soil Cool, well-drained, moist
Plant Size 3-8 feet tall
Lifespan Perennial, more than 2 years in wild
Roots Thick, large, branching, black
Stem Smooth, erect, unbranched, Height: 4-8 feet
Leaf Alternate, compound, tripinnate, smooth, glossy dark green, Length: 15-60 cm
Flowering Season June-August
Flower Small, creamy white, feathery, hermaphroditic; Width: 2.5 cm (1 inch)
Stamens Length: 1/2″
Fruit shape & size Oval shaped, follicle, 5-10 mm
Fruit color Black or dark brown
Odor Unpleasant (Flower)
Seed Angular, glabrous, brown, triangular
Fruit Season August-October
Health Benefits
  • Anti-spasmodic
  • Anti-inflammatory properties
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Supports digestion
  • Manage pain
  • Sound sleep
  • Treat mood swings
  • Menstrual problems


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