Brazil Nuts Facts

Brazil nuts scientifically known as Bertholletia excelsa belongs within the family of Lecythidaceae, in the genus Bertholletia. The genus is named after the French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet. Its lifespan is about 500 to 700 years. Brazil nut tree bears a large capsule 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) in diameter, resembling a coconut endocarp in size and weighing up to 2 kg (4.4 lb.). Internally, each fruit pod features 10-25 seeds (kernels), arranged in segments. Each kernel in turn is covered within its own thick dark-brown thin shell. Brazil nuts are eaten in whole form or their essential oil can be extracted and used for more direct remedies. It is important to consume shelled Brazil nuts fast, as the high content of fat makes these nut varieties go badly quite quickly.

Name Brazil nuts
Scientific Name Bertholletia excelsa
Native Indigenous to tropical Amazonia – French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Bolivia, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Amazonian Colombia
Common/English Name Brazil Nut, Brazilnut Tree, Butternut, Creamnut, Paranut, Para Nut
Name in Other Languages Venezuela : Almendra
Alemão : Paranuss
Surinam : Braziliaansche Noot
Bolivia : Tapa
Peru : Castaña
Spanish : Castaña Del Brazil
Cuba : Coquito Del Brazil
Swedish : Paranöt
Danish : Paranød
Slovašcina : Brazilski Orešček
Eastonian : Kõrge Parapähklipuu
Brazil : Castanheira
Greek : Karidia Brazilias
Czech : Juvie Ztepilá
Italian : Noce Del Brasilie
Polish : Orzesznica Wyniosła
French : Noyer De Para
Portuguese : Castanha-Do-Brasil
Colombia : Conduiro
German : Paranußbaum
Plant Growth Habit Large, deciduous tree
Growing Climate Hot wet, humid equatorial rainforests
Soil Grows on well drained clay or sandy clay soils.
Plant Size 30–60 m high
Lifespan About 500 to 700 years
Trunk Straight, greyish, cylindrical, smooth trunk 1 to 2 m (3.3 to 6.6 ft) in diameter
Bark Grayish and smooth
Leaf Alternate, simple, glabrous, coriaceous, large, entire or crenate, oblong, 20–35 cm (7.9–13.8 in) by 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in), venation pinnate, with 29–45 pairs of parallel lateral veins.
Flower Small, greenish-white, in panicles 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) long; each flower has a two-parted, deciduous calyx, six unequal cream-colored petals, and numerous stamens united into a broad, hood-shaped mass.
Fruit Shape & Size Large capsule 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) in diameter, resembling a coconut endocarp in size and weighing up to 2 kg (4.4 lb). It has a hard, woody shell 8–12 mm (0.31–0.47 in) thick, which contains eight to 24 triangular seeds 4–5 cm (1.6–2.0 in) long (the “Brazil nuts”) packed like the segments of an orange.
Fruit Color Dark brown
Fruit skin Hard, woody shell 8–12 mm thick,
Fruit Weight 2–2.2 kg
Seed Shape & Size 8–24, 3-angled seeds (nut) 3.5–5 cm by 2.5–1.8 cm
Seed Color Dark  brown
Seed Skin Woody, thick, indurate and rugose seed coat
Seed Weight About 5 g
Flesh Color Pale brownish-white
Flavor/Aroma Sweet nutty flavor
Taste Delicate buttery taste
Major Nutrition Selenium, Se 2549.6 µg (4635.64%)
Copper, Cu 2.318 mg (257.56%)
Total Fat (lipid) 89.24 g (254.97%)
Phosphorus, P 964 mg (137.71%)
Magnesium, Mg 500 mg (119.05%)
Manganese, Mn 1.627 mg (70.74%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.821 mg (68.42%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 7.51 mg (50.07%)
Zinc, Zn 5.4 mg (49.09%)
Valine 1.011 g (47.87%)
Histidine 0.544 g (44.16%)
Leucine 1.583 g (42.83%)
Isoleucine 0.689 g (41.21%)
Tryptophan 0.18 g (40.91%)
Iron, Fe 3.23 mg (40.38%)
Protein 19.05 g (38.10%)
Threonine 0.485 g (27.56%)
Total dietary Fiber 10 g (26.32%)
Calcium, Ca 213 mg (21.30%)
Lysine 0.652 g (19.50%)
Potassium, K 876 mg (18.64%)
Carbohydrate 15.61 g (12.01%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.134 mg (10.31%)
Health Benefits
  • Growth and Repair
  • Skin Health
  • Immune System
  • Reduces Signs of Aging
  • Digestive System
  • Nutrient Efficiency
  • Weight Loss
  • Hormone Function
  • Acne Treatment
  • Heart Health
  • Anticancer
Calories in 1 cup (133 gm) 876 K cal


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