Bullock’s heart facts

Though Bullock’s heart is widely grown, this fruit possess a little value. It has low flavor in comparison to sugar apple and cherimoya. It is a semi-deciduous or fast growing tree which 3-10 m high. The leaves are pointed and slender which is up to 1-3 inches wide and 5-8 inches long. The flowers are borne on clusters which are quite attractive. The fruits are heart shaped with thin and tough skin. The unripe fruits are green but it turns to brown or yellow when matured. The fruits have white thick flesh which holds dark and glossy seeds that measures about half inch long.

Name Bullock’s Heart
Scientific Name Annona reticulata
Native Native to West Indies, possibly in Antilles
Common/English Name Bullock’s heart, Common Custard Apple, Custard apple, Jamaican Apple, Ox heart, Bull’s Heart, Sweetsop, Netted Custard Apple, annone reticule, cachiman, corossol reticule, coeur de boeuf, Ochsenherz, Netzannone,  anoneira, biribá, coração-de-boi, fruta-do-conde, fruta-de-condessa, anona corazón, corazón de buey, anonillo, nätannona, mamán
Name in Other Languages Carolinian: anoonas;
Chamorro: anonas;
Chinese: niu xin fan li zhi;
English: custard apple;
Fijian: chotka sarifa;
French: zannone;
Kwara‘ae: beretetutu;
Maori (Cook Islands): tapotapo kirimoko;
Niuean: talapo fua kula;
Palauan: ngel ra ngebard;
Spanish: anona;
Tongan: ‘apele haati;
Tuamotuan: taptapu;
Aztec: Quaultzapotl;
Bolivia: Chirimoya Roia;
Brazil: Araticum Do Mato;
Colombia: Anon Pelon;
Cook Islands: Tapotapo Kirimoko;
Cuba: Anón Injerto;
Czech: Láhevník ostnitý;
Danish: Netannona;
Dominican Republic: Anón;
Dutch: Buah Nona;
Eastonian: Võrkannoona;
El Salvador: Anona Rosada;
Fijian: Uto Ni Mbulumakau;
German: Netzannone;
Guatemala: Anona De Seso;
Honduras: Anona De Redecilla;
Bengali: Gom,
Gujarati: Ramphal,
Hindu: Ramphal,
Kannada: Ram-Phal,
Konkani: Anon,
Malayalam: Manilanilam,
Manipuri: Sitaphal,
Marathi: Ramphal,
Oriya: Ramphalo Ramopholo,
Sanskrit: Krishnabija,
Tamil: Ramapalam;
Malay: Buah Nona,
Medan: Manowa,
Java: Kanowa,
Sundanese: Buah Nona,
Madurese: Binoa, Binowa,
Aceh: Serba Rabsa,
North Sulawesi: Manunang,
Ambon: Buah Njonja,
Batak: Buah Nona,
Bima: Sirikaya,
Buginese: Sirikaya Susu,
Flores: Amanona,
Gorontalo: Buah Nona,
Kai Islands: Boi Non,
Lampong: Buah Jus,
Makassar: Sirikaya Doke,
Oelias, Ambon: Nona,
Roti: Nona Daelok,
Soemba, Timor: Tariwang Jawa,
Timor: Ata Kase;
Japanese: Gyuushinri;
Khmer: Mo Bat;
Kwara‘Ae: Beretetutu;
Laotian: Khan Tua Lot;
Malaysia: Nona Kapri;
Maya: Oop;
Mexico: Saramuyo;
Nepalese: Ramphal;
Netherlands Antilles: Kasjoema;
Nicaragua: Anona De Redecilla;
Niuean: Talapo;
Philippines: Anonas;
Portuguese: Coracao De Boi;
Rotuman: Fat Manaova;
Spanish: Corazón De Buey;
Surinam: Kasjoema;
Central: Noi Nong,
South: Noi Nang,
North: Manong;
Tuamotuan: Taptapu;
South: Binh Bat,
North: Qua Na;
West Indies (French): Cachiman
Plant Growth Habit Low, small, erect, semi-deciduous or semi-evergreen tree
Growing Climate Warm and tropical
Soil Low lying, deep and rich
Plant Size Height: 3-10 m; Trunk diameter: 25-35 cm
Bark Light brown;
Inner bark: Light yellow
Leaf Distichous, alternate, simple, coriaceous, oblong to lanceolate, Length: 10-20 cm; Width: 2.5-3.5 cm
Flower Greenish to yellow, fragrant; Diameter: 2 cm (0.79 inches)-3 cm (1.2 inches)
Fruit shape & size Ovoid to cordate, smooth, 10-15 × 7.5-12.5 cm
Fruit weight 1 to 2 pounds
Fruit color Reddish brown or red
Flesh color White or cream
Fruit peel Thin, tough
Flavor/aroma Sweet, pleasant
Fruit Taste Mildly sweet
Seed Numerous, 50 to 75, oblong, smooth, compressed, glossy, dark brown
Major Nutritions Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 19.2 mg (21.33%)
Carbohydrate 25.2 g (19.38%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.221 mg (17.00%)
Iron, Fe 0.71 mg (8.88%)
Potassium, K 382 mg (8.13%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.1 mg (7.69%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.08 mg (6.67%)
Total dietary Fiber 2.4 g (6.32%)
Magnesium, Mg 18 mg (4.29%)
Protein 1.7 g (3.40%)
Health Benefits
  • Treats common cold
  • Vasodilator activity
  • Treats cancer
  • Balance hormones
  • Skin health
  • Kidney and cardiac ailments
  • Forms hemoglobin
  • Muscle activity
  • Function of brain
  • Muscle spasms
Calories in 100 gm 101 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • Anti-inflammatory and vermifuge agents
  • Treats dysentery and diarrhea
  • Astringent and tonic
  • Treats anxiety and stress
  • Relief from toothache
  • Poultice for abscesses, boils and ulcers
  • Potent decoction
  • Leaves paste for boils, external and internal wounds.
  • Treat gastritis, worms, fevers, sprains, anemia, diabetes
  • Healthy blood flow during the menstruation
  • Relief from cold
  • Relieve rheumatic pain
  • Prevent dizziness
  • Seeds are harmful.
  • Branches sap are irritant and injure eyes severely.
  • High intake may make one sick.
  • Should not consume high by the diabetic patients.
  • Those allergic to Bullock’s heart should avoid it.
How to Eat
  • Served with sugar and light cream.
  • Added to custards, milk shakes and ice cream.
  • Consumed fresh
  • Used for juice, sauce and puddings.
Other Facts In West Indies, the crushed leaves are used as dye or tattoo ink.


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