Ceylon gooseberry Facts

Ceylon gooseberry is a shrub or small, dioecious perennial tree growing to 4–6 m high with long, slender, arching, wide-spreading branches. The trunk and lower branches have sharp, 4 cm long spines. The fruit is an edible dark purple globose berry 2–3 cm diameter, very juicy with an acidic flavor, and containing several small seeds. The fruit is quite acidic, so it is usually not eaten fresh. The tree takes about 2-3 years to fruit. Its thin, bitter skin turns from somewhat orange to dark purple on ripening and is coated with short, grayish-green, velvety hairs, unpleasant in the mouth. The pulp is very juicy, extremely acid, and purple-red, enclosing 9 to 12 hairy seeds about 1/4 in (6 mm) long.

Name Ceylon Gooseberry
Scientific Name Dovyalis hebecarpa
Native Native to Sri Lanka and southern India.
Common/English Name Ceylon Gooseberry, Ketembilla, Kitembilla, kei apple, Puerto Rican cranberries, and tropical apricots
Name in Other Languages Brazil : Groselha-Do-Ceilao
Chinese : Xi-Lin-Cu, His-Lu-Ts’u-Li
Cuba : Aberia
French : Groseillier De Ceylan, Ketembillier
German : Kaffernp flaume
India : Kocu Vetti ( Tamil )
Spanish : Quetembilla
Sri Lanka : Ketembilla, Kitaembilla, Kitembilla, Kithaembilla ( Sinhala ), Kocu Vetti ( Tamil )
Maori (Cook Islands): venevene
Plant Growth Habit Shrub or small, dioecious perennial tree
Growing Climate Does well in wet or semi dry areas but requires adequate supply of water during fruit development. It does not tolerate waterlogged conditions.
Soil Thrives on any soil including limestone. In Florida, the tree grows well on sand or limestone, but a rich, friable soil is best for maximum fruit production.
Plant Size 4–6 m high
Branches Long, slender, arching, wide-spreading branches.
Leaf Alternate, simple, elliptic to ovate, 7–10 cm long, 2–3.5 cm wide, wavy-margined, gray-green, finely velvety, with pinkish, woolly petioles, and thin in texture
Flower Flowers are inconspicuous, solitary or clustered, with no petals. It is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants, though some female plants are parthenogenetic.Greenish-yellow, apetalous, 1.25 cm across and axillary.
Fruit Shape & Size Globose, berry up to 2.5 cm diameter, velvety pubescent,
Fruit Color Green turning to orangey brown to maroon-purple
Fruit Skin Thin skin coated with short, grayish-green, velvety hairs, unpleasant in the mouth
Flesh Color Purple-red
Flavor/Aroma Acidic flavor
Taste Slightly sweeter, sour and astringent. 
Seed 9 to 12 hairy seeds about 1/4 in (6 mm) long
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 98 mg (108.89%)
Total dietary Fiber 14.6 g (38.42%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.4 mg (30.77%)
Iron, Fe 1.2 mg (15.00%)
Phosphorus, P 26 mg (3.71%)
Protein 1.2 g (2.40%)
Total Fat (lipid) 0.8 g(2.29%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.3 mg (1.88%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.02 mg (1.67%)
Calcium, Ca 13 mg (1.30%)
Calories in (100 gm) 63 K cal
 

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