Chinese broccoli facts

Chinese broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra) is the leafy vegetable crop which is cultivated in South-East Asian countries for its flowering stem. Chinese broccoli is a perennial plant which is grown as an annual plant commercially. It is a cool season crop with frost tolerant. This crop is major tolerant to heat in comparison to others.

Name Chinese broccoli
Scientific Name Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra
Native Chinese broccoli is originated in Mediterranean.
Common/English Name Asparations, Asparation, Bimi, Baby Broccoli, Broccolini, Broccolette, Tenderstem Broccoli, Sweet Baby Broccoli, Broccoletti, Tenderstem
Name in Other Languages Chinese:  Jie lan,  Jie lan cai,  Gai lan, bai hua gan lan
Deutsch: Kai-lan, Chinesischer Brokkoli, chinesischer Kohl
English: Chinese kale, Chinese broccoli, White flowering broccoli, Gai-ln, Kailan ‘Green Lance
Español: Kai-lan, brécol chino, col verde china
Français: Brocoli chinois
French: Broccoli de Chine, Chou de Chine à fleurs blanches
German: Chinesischer Brokkoli, Chinesischer Kohl
Indonesian: Kailan
Japanese:  Kairan,  Kairan
Khmer: Spéi sââ
Malay: Kailan
Portuguese: Gaillon
Spanish: Bróculi chino
Thai : Phak khana
Plant Growth Habit Annual
Growing Climate Temperate, Mediterranean or subtropical
Soil Fertile
Plant Size 5-30 cm
Stem Thick, Diameter: 2 cm, Length: 15-20 cm
Leaf shape and size Round wavy
Leaf color Flat, glossy, blue to green
Leaf texture Thick
Flower White
Flavor/aroma Bitter than broccoli
Major Nutritions (Raw) Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 104 mg (8000.00%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 89.1 µg (74.25%)
Manganese, Mn 1.4 mg (60.87%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 29.6 mg (32.89%)
Vitamin A, RAE 86 µg (12.29%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.153 mg (11.77%)
Calcium, Ca 105 mg (10.50%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.1 mg (8.33%)
Iron, Fe 0.59 mg (7.38%)
Copper, Cu 0.064 mg (7.11%)
Health Benefits
  • Blood vessels
  • Prevent rheumatoid arthritis
  • Healthy heart
  • Bone health
  • Assist lung health
  • Treats cancer
  • Cures inflammation
  • Prevent migraine
  • Treat diabetes
  • Assist vision
Calories in 1 Value (100 gm) 30 Kcal.
How to Eat
  • Chinese broccoli is used mostly in Chinese cuisines.
  • Chinese broccoli is stir fried with garlic and ginger or boiled and steamed then served with an oyster sauce.
  • It is commonly used in Vietnamese, Thai and Myanmar cuisines.
  • It could be used in stir fries.
  • Try serving the Chinese Broccoli as a side dish with a small amount of oyster sauce.
  • Chinese Broccoli is used to enhance flavor in noodle, soups and stir fries.
  • An unopened flower buds, flower stalk and tender leaves are used chopped or whole.
  • It could be sauteed, boiled, steamed, grilled, roasted as well as stir fried.
  • It could be used as a pasta, appetizer, pizza topping and risotto ingredient.
  • It goes well with olive oil, butter, light bodied vinegars, lime, tomatoes, lemon, garlic, chilies, cured meats.


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