Cluster figs facts

Cluster fig which is also called Ficus racemosa belongs to the family Moraceae. In India, this tree is believed sacred and is well known as Gular tree or Indian fig tree. It is native to Australia, South East Asia, Southeast China and India. It grows in clusters which measures about 10-35 m long. It is the great vitamin supplements and considered as a traditional medicine due to laxative properties, sugars, vitamins C and A, enzymes and acids.

Name Cluster Figs
Scientific Name Ficus racemosa
Native Native to Indian Subcontinent, Southern China, Southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea to Northern Australia Northern Territory, North of Western Australia and Queensland. It is also introduced to other tropical regions in the South America.
Common/English Name Cluster Fig, Cluster Tree, Cluster Fig Tree, Goolar Fig, Country Fig, Redwood Fig
Name in Other Languages Brazil (Portuguese): Rumbodo;
Burmese: Umbar;
Chinese: Yu Dan Bo Luo;
Eastonian: Kobar-Viigipuu;
Bengali: Ye Thapan,
Bombay: Ambar,
Gujarati: Gular,
Hindu: Doomar,
Kannada: Alhi,
Kerala: Athi,
Malayalam: Athiathial,
Marathi: Audumbar,
Manipuri: Heibong,
Oriya: Dimri,
Sanskrit: Udumbara,
Tamil: Attee Marum,
Telugu: Udumbaramu;
Indonesia (Java): Elo;
Laotian: Kok Dua Kieng;
Malaysia (Sarawak, Sabah): Tangkol;
Bankariya: Dumri,
Danuwar: Gular,
Nepali: Dumri,
Satar: Loa,
Sanskrit: Udumbara,
Tharu: Gullar;
Pakistan: Umber;
Singapore: Atteeka;
Sri Lanka (Sinhalese): Attikka;
Taiwan: Ju Guo Rong;
Thailand (Central): Ma-Due-Au-Thum-Porn,
Vietnamese: Cây Sung
Plant Growth Habit Erect, laticiferous, deciduous, evergreen, medium sized tree
Plant Size Height: 25-30 m, Trunk diameter: 60-90 cm
Root Long, irregular, brownish
Bark Smooth, greyish to brownish; Thickness: 8-10 mm
Stipules Ovate to lanceolate, membranous, pubescent; 1.5-2 cm
Hypanthodia Turbinate- globose; Diameter: 2.5-4 cm
Leaf Alternate, elliptic to obovate, pale green,10-14 × 3-7 cm
Fruit shape & size Subglobose, pyriform; Diameter: 2.5-5 cm
Fruit color Dull reddish-dark crimson
Seed Lenticularr; Length: 1 mm
  • Udumbara,
  • Nayodumbara
  • Phalgu
Major Nutritions Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.4 mg (30.77%)
Iron, Fe 1.3 mg (16.25%)
Copper, Cu 0.1 mg (11.11%)
Potassium, K 508 mg (10.81%)
Magnesium, Mg 35 mg (8.33%)
Calcium, Ca 72 mg (7.20%)
Phosphorus, P 47 mg (6.71%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.05 mg (4.17%)
Zinc, Zn 0.3 mg (2.73%)
Protein 1.3 g (2.60%)
Health Benefits
  • Production of RBC
  • Prevent anemia
  • Mental performance
  • Sleeping disorders
  • Produces energy
  • Enhance immunity
  • Prevent stroke
  • Muscle problems
  • Heart ailments
  • Prevent cramps
Traditional uses
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Menorrhagia
  • Swelling
  • Boils
  • Pimples and freckles
  • Burn marks
  • Bleeding disorder
  • Hives
  • Bhasmak rog
  • Dysentery
  • Stomach ache
  • Hemorrhoid
  • Leucorrhoea
  • Muscle pain
  • Cracked heels
  • Dhatu Kshaya
  • Allergy
  • Worsen intestinal worm infestation
  • Consultancy of doctor is necessary
How to Eat
  • Added to culinary dishes, salads, cakes, stews, sandwiches, soup and ice-creams.
  • Preserved in salt
  • Make Kashayam
  • Consumed fresh


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