Cod facts

Cod fish is the saltwater fish which has three main species: Atlantic, Greenland and Pacific cod. Atlantic cod is considered to be endangered in near future. Though Rock cod, Reef cod and Coral cod has cod in its name, they are not true cods. The body is lighter in lateral side with white belly. It has two anal fins, one pair of pectoral fins and three dorsal fins. They are mostly hunted for the oil and meat. It consumes It consumes other cods, mackerels, sand eels, mollusks, haddock, crabs and squids.

Name Cod fish facts and health benefits
Native Since Viking period (800 AD), Cod has become a vital economic aspect.
Name in Other Languages Danish: torsk;
Norwegian: torsk, skrei;
Dutch: kabeljauw;
Polish: dorsz, watlusz;
Finnish: turska;
Portuguese: bacalhau, bacalhao;
French: cabillaud, morue;
Russian: treska;
German: Kabeljau, Dorsch;
Spanish: bacalao, baccala;
Greek: gados bacaliaros;
Swedish: torsk;
Hebrew: shibbut zefoni;
Turkish: morina;
Icelandic: thorskur, Islandssléttbakur;
Yugoslavian: bakalar-ugotica;
Italian: merluzzo bianco
Czech: Treska;
Hindi: Gobro;
Tamil: Kalava, Panna;
Malayalam: Sarghan, Mullan;
Urdu: Cod Machli
Habitat Omnivorous
Lifespan Length: 51 inches
Feed on Sand eels, haddock, whiting, squid, small cod, crabs, mussels, lobsters, mackerel, worms, molluscs
Shape Roughly cylindrical
Size Atlantic cod: 2 m (6.6 ft) length
Pacific cod: 48-49 cm (19-19 inches)
Weight 55-77 pounds
Body color Greenish-brown
Belly White
Flesh color White
Flavor Mild
  • Atlantic Cod
  • Pacific Cod
  • Greenland Cod
  • Haddock
Major Nutritions Protein 17.36 g (34.72%)
Phosphorus, P 174 mg (24.86%)
Sodium, Na 114 mg (7.60%)
Magnesium, Mg 30 mg (7.14%)
Potassium, K 316 mg (6.72%)
Zinc, Zn 0.37 mg (3.36%)
Copper, Cu 0.016 mg (1.78%)
Iron, Fe 0.14 mg (1.75%)
Calcium, Ca 14 mg (1.40%)
Total Fat (lipid) 0.21 g (0.60%)
Health Benefits
  • Muscle health
  • Strengthen immunity
  • Signalize nerves
  • Skin health
  • Bone health
  • Assist digestion
  • Repair cells
  • Chemical reaction
  • Eliminates toxins
Calories in 3 oz (85 gm) 71 Kcal.
Precautions            It has high mercury.
How to Eat
  • The livers of cod are used to make oil.
  • The liver could be canned or consumed.
  • It is salted, smoked and dried.
  • The cod is used to make a fish soup.
  • Cod is also cooked with tomatoes, garlic, olives and Italian herb.
  • Cod could be baked in an oven.
  • It could be broiled, baked, poached, fried and braised.
Other Facts
  • The large species measures about 220 pounds in weight.
  • Female could lay up to 5 million of eggs.
  • Cods get mature at 3 to 4 years.
  • It lives for about 15 years.
  • For an adult cod, humans are the natural predators.


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