Collard greens facts

Collard greens are type of cruciferous vegetable that belongs to the cabbage family. It originates from Eastern Europe and Asia Minor. It grows on fertile, well-drained soil, exposed to direct sunlight. Collard greens require short periods of frost for the production of leaves of the best taste and quality. Collard Greens are a large leafy green that can be used in a number of dishes due to its delightful taste and nutrition.

Name Collard Greens
Scientific Name Brassica oleracea var. viridis
Native Eastern European or Asia Minor region
Common/English Name Collards, Carolina Cabbage,  cow cabbage, kale, Portuguese kale, tall kale, spring-heading cabbage, tree kale, fodder kale
Name in Other Languages Brazil: Couve
Latin: vireta collard
German: Blattkohl
Kenya: Sukuma wiki
Colombia: Col
France: Chou cavalier
Montenegro: Raštan
Kashmir: Haakh
Portugal: Couve galega
Spain: Brassica oleracea viridis
Greek: λάχανο
Polish: kollard zieleni
Bosnia: Raštika
New Zealand: Dalmatian cabbage
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous annual or biennial plant
Growing Climate Grow best in cool, moist conditions, at least six hours of direct sunlight every day.
Soil Fertile, moist, well-draining soil rich in organic matters.
Plant Size 3-4 feet in height
Root Easily reach depths of 2 feet of more
Stem Sturdy stem
Leaf Shape & Size Large, broad, paddle-shaped, flat, smooth leaves with irregular lobes and long petioles and with contrasting succulent white ribs and veins.
Leaf Color Green, green blue or purple.
Leaf Flavor/Aroma Bitter nutty flavor
Leaf Taste Distinctive moderate, smoky taste,
Flower Small, yellow flowers arranged in the pyramid-shaped clusters
Fruit Fruits are dry capsules known as siliques.
Seeds Numerous tiny seeds in siliques
Varieties/Types Blue Max, Georgia, Vates, Georgia Southern Collard Greens,  Champion Collard Green, Champion, Flash, Georgia Southern, Morris Heading, Butter Collard, Vates Collard Greens, Morris Heading Collard Greens, couve tronchuda and Heavy-Crop
Major Nutrition Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 772.5 µg (643.75%)
Vitamin A, RAE 722 µg (103.14%)
Manganese, Mn 0.969 mg (42.13%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 34.6 mg (38.44%)
Iron, Fe 2.15 mg (26.88%)
Calcium, Ca 268 mg (26.80%)
Total dietary Fiber 7.6 g (20.00%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.243 mg (18.69%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.201 mg (15.46%)
Choline 73 mg (13.27%)
Tryptophan 0.051 g (11.59%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.67 mg (11.13%)
Copper, Cu 0.097 mg (10.78%)
Protein 5.15 g (10.30%)
Health Benefits
  • Digestive Support
  • Prevent Cancer
  • Support Cardiovascular Health
Calories in 1cup (190gm) 63 Kcal



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