Cottonseed Facts

Cotton is a crop produced around the globe, driving the world’s textile industry, and is quite unusual in that it is simultaneously both a food and fiber crop. Cotton is a versatile fiber: it can be used for everything from heavy industrial canvas to some of the world’s finest fabrics, and also finds uses in housewares, bed linens, medical supplies, and even photographic film and videotape. This unique and valuable plant, related to both hibiscus and mallows, has pretty yellow and maroon flowers, followed by large seed pods that burst open revealing the large fluffy bolls of cotton. Cottonseed is the seed of the cotton plant. Cottonseed oil is used in the industry of food (as an ingredient of margarines) and in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. It is also used for the production rubber and plastics.

Name Cottonseed
Scientific Name Gossypium hirsutum
Native Tropical and subtropical Americas, the Caribbean, and questionably some Pacific islands
Common/English Name Upland Cotton, Mexican Cotton, American cotton, American upland cotton, Bourbon cotton
Name in Other Languages Swedish: Texasbomull
Chamorro: Algodon
Tongan: Vavae
English: American cotton
Tahitian: Vavai
Fijian: Vauvau
French: Coton velu
Maori (Cook Islands): vavai
Samoan: Vavae
German: Amerikanische Baumwolle
Spanish: Algodón
Portuguese: Algodoeiro-americano
Chinese: Gao di mian
Plant Growth Habit Annual or perennial herb or shrub
Growing Climate Requires a long frost-free period, plenty of sunshine, and a moderate rainfall
Soil Tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but thrives best on deep, friable, moisture-holding soils with good humus supply.
Plant Size Ranges from 40 to 45 cm to 1.5 to 2 m tall.
Root Well-developed taproot with numerous laterals penetrating as deeply as 3 m
Branches Branches of two kinds: vegetative and fruiting
Leaf Broad and heart shaped three-segmented greenish leaves, which are about 2 inches to 6 inches in length and emerge alternately on the stem.
Flower Cup-shaped with big and flashy petals whose hue ranges from white to yellow. The flowers have a purplish or reddish spot close to their base.
Fruit Shape and Size Capsules up to 4-6cm long, spherical, smooth broadly ovoid to sub globose; beaked at tip; 3-5-celled, each cell contains up to 11 copiously hairy and fuzzy seeds
Fruit Color Green when young turning brown as they mature
Seed Shape & Size Ovoid, 3.5–10 mm long, acute at the hilum, with a dense covering of white or rusty, long, woolly hairs (lint or floss) and with a fine, short tomentum (fuzz) everywhere or only at the hilum, about 36 per fruit
Seed Color Black or brown
Weight of 100 Seeds 10–13 g
Major Nutrition Total Fat (lipid) 218 g (622.86%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 76.95 mg (513.00%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 53.8 µg (44.83%)
Choline 0.4 mg (0.07%)
Health Benefits
  • Heart Health
  • Promotes Neurological Health & Memory
  • Helps Regulating Weight
  • Maintains Blood Pressure
  • Hair Health
  • Helps Prevent Cancers
  • Skin Benefits
  • Cholesterol Benefits
  • Antioxidant Benefits
  • Fights Cell Damage
  • Helps in Healing
  • Beneficial in Ointments & Dust Control Production
Calories in 1 cup (218 gm) 1927 K cal


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