Crayfish Facts

Crayfish is actually a smaller version of a lobster. It has the same conjoined like body structure and they both come from similar family genes. Their body structure is made up of one interconnected piece of head and midsection. Their eyes have the ability to wander around and see a large spectrum of vision. Their outside shell is a mix between yellow and brown with a hint of green at times. Their large anterior-most pairs of legs have powerful claws which are efficient tools for defense, food gathering, and object manipulation. Their four pairs of walking legs assist them in rapid locomotion across the bottom substrates of their aquatic habitats. Surprisingly, they are not really capable of swimming although they can use powerful thrusts of their tails to rapidly propel themselves (backwards) through the water. This latter movement is particularly effective when the crayfish is attempting to elude a predator.

Name Crayfish
Scientific Name Astacus
Native Marine ancestors dating back some 280 million years
Common/English Name Crawfish, crawdads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies
Name in Other Languages Albanian: Karavidhe
Afrikaans: Kreef
Arabic: Jarad albahr (جراد البحر)
Armenian: Khets’getin (խեցգետին)
Azerbaijani: Xərçəng
Bengali: Bāgadā ciṇṛi (বাগদা চিংড়ি)
Basque: Zigala
Belarusian: Račny rak (рачны рак)
Bosnian: Rak
Bulgarian: Pак
Cebuano: Uwang
Catalan: Cranc de riu
Chichewa: Nsomba zazinkhanira
Chinese: Xiǎo lóngxiā (小龙虾)
Croatian: Rak
Czech: Rak
Danish: Krebs
Dutch: Rivierkreeft
Estonian: Jõevähk
Esperanto: Kankro
Finnish: Rapu
Filipino: Ulang
French: Ecrevisse
Galician: Lagostim
German: Flusskrebs
Greek: Karavída (καραβίδα)
Georgian: Crayfish
Gujarati: Citraśalākā  (ચિત્રશલાકા)
Hausa: Crayfish
Haitian: Creole        kribich
Hebrew: סַרטַן הַנַהֲרוֹת
Hindi: Krefish (क्रेफ़िश)
Hmong: Crayfish
Hungarian: Folyami rák
Icelandic: Crayfish
Igbo: Isha
Irish: Gliomach
Italian: Gambero
Indonesian: Udang karang
Javanese: Crayfish
Japanese: Zarigani (ザリガニ)
Kannada: Krēphiṣ (ಕ್ರೇಫಿಷ್)
Kazakh: Ozen şayanı (өзен шаяны)
Khmer: Crayfish
Korean: Wangsaeu (왕새우)
Latvian: Vēzis
Latin: Carabus
Lithuanian: Vėžys
Lao: Crayfish
Malayalam: Sud’dhajala keāñc (ശുദ്ധജല കൊഞ്ച്)
Malagasy: Orana
Malay: Udang
Maori: Kōura
Marathi: Khēkaḍā (खेकडा)
Mongolian: Khavch (хавч)
Myanmar (Burmese): Ray hkyao kyawwat puhcwan (ရေချိုကျောက်ပုစွန်)
Macedonian: Vid rak (вид рак)
Maltese: Awwist
Norwegian: Edelkreps
Nepali: Krēphiśa (क्रेफिश)
Persian: خرچنگ
Polish: Rak
Portuguese: Lagostim
Romanian: Rac de râu
Russian: Pак
Serbian: Pак
Sesotho: Tlhapi ea cray
Somali: Carsaanyada
Swahili: Kamba
Slovak: Rak
Slovenian: Raki
Spanish: Cangrejo de río
Swedish: Kräfta
Sinhala: Pokirissā (පොකිරිස්සා)
Tajik: Xarcang (харчанг)
Tamil: Kaṭal naṇṭu (கடல் நண்டு)
Telugu: Crayfish
Thai: Kậng (กั้ง)
Turkish: Kerevit
Ukrainian: Richkovyy rak (річковий рак)
Urdu: کریفش
Uzbek: Qisqichbaqa
Vietnamese: Con tôm
Welsh: Cimwch yr afon
Yiddish: Rak(ראַק)
Yoruba: Ede
Zulu: Isikhuphashe
Growing Locations Rivers and brooks are the main living habitat for the crayfish
Crayfish shape & size 3-4 inches (which is 7.62-10.16 cm) long.
Crayfish Color Red, white, pink, and blue. You will also find them in dark brown and sandy yellow.
Major Nutrition Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamine) 2.64 µg (110.00%)
Copper, Cu 0.493 mg (54.78%)
Selenium, Se 29.1 µg (52.91%)
Tryptophan 0.207 g (47.05%)
Isoleucine 0.72 g (43.06%)
Lysine 1.295 g (38.73%)
Threonine 0.601 g (34.15%)
Valine 0.699 g (33.10%)
Leucine 1.18 g (31.93%)
Protein 14.89 g (29.78%)
Phosphorus, P 205 mg (29.29%)
Histidine 0.303 g (24.59%)
Iron, Fe 0.94 mg (11.75%)
Zinc, Zn 1.26 mg (11.45%)
Calories in 3 oz (85 gm) 74 K cal


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