Fireweed facts

Fireweed is a flower plant which is also called Epilobium angustifolium. Two varieties are found in North America:- var. canescens and var. angustifolium. Fireweed is found in the streams and open woods. Fireweed adapts well to burned or cut-over forests, avalanche areas, swamps, riverbars and deglaciated areas.

Name Fireweed
Scientific Name Epilobium angustifolium
Native Native to Temperate Northern Hemisphere
Common/English Name Fireweed, Great Willowherb, Rosebay Willowherb, Spiked Willowherb, Narrow-leaved fireweed, Perennial fireweed, Great willow-herb, Flowering willow, Rosebay willow-herb, Blood Vine, Blooming Sally, Fireweed, Flowering Willow, Willow Herb, Purple Rocket
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous, perennial
Soil Well-drained, moist
Plant Size 2 m
Root Fibrous, rhizomatous
Stem Reddish , stout, erect, smooth; Height: 1.3 – 3 m
Leaf Alternate, long lanceolate, deep green, pinnate vines; Length: 4 – 8 inches
Flowering Season June-September
Flower Magenta, deep pink or rose color, obvoate; Length: 0.35-0.80 inch, Diameter: 2-3 cm
Fruit shape & size Capsule, tubular, thick hair, Length: 5–8 cm (2–3.2 inch)
Seed Brown; Length: 1 mm
Fruit Season July-October
Major Nutritions (Raw) Manganese, Mn 1.542 mg (67.04%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.145 mg (11.15%)
Calcium, Ca 99 mg (9.90%)
Magnesium, Mg 36 mg (8.57%)
Copper, Cu 0.074 mg (8.22%)
Iron, Fe 0.55 mg (6.88%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 1.075 mg (6.72%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 26 µg (6.50%)
Total dietary Fiber 2.4 g (6.32%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.312 mg (6.24%)
Health Benefits
  • Bone health
  • Prevent diabetes
  • Regulates metabolism
  • Prevent PMS
  • Thyroid ailments
  • Assist blood vessels
  • Brain function
  • Enhance mood
  • Improves vision
  • Cures anemia
Calories in 1 cup chopped (23 gm) 24 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • This herb is used as a laxative, antispasmodic, tonic and hypnotic which contract the tissues and soften as well as soothe skin.
  • An infusion or tea made from Fireweed helps to treat urinary, prostate problems and gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea or dysentery.
  • Traditionally the plant is used to cleanse, soothe and heal the minor burns, ulcers, skin rashes, afflictions and skin irritations.
  • The Blackfoot Indians use the tea made from roots which is useful in curing constipation.
  • An infusion helps to cure diarrhea of enteric fever or typhoid. In this particular condition others attest its efficacy.
  • It is helpful for intestinal irritation and intestinal digestion.
  • An infusion made from leaves helps in menorrhagia, leucorrhoea and uterine hemorrhage.
  • A poultice of peeled roots assist in skin sores, boils, swellings etc.
  • A poultice of the leaves is applied to mouth ulcers.
  • Poultices of the fresh leaves & flowers can be applied to inflammations of the ears, throat & nose.
  • The poultice made from root and leaves is useful for bruises, skin injuries & infections.
  • The leaves ointment helps to soothe skin problems.
  • The cool decoctions treat hiccups, asthma and whooping cough.
  • A tea of roots and leaves is an aid for abdominal cramps, yeast infections, candida and dysentery.
  • It is used to promote colon.
  • The soaked flower can be used as a gargled to treat sore throat, laryngitis and if combined with leaf is helpful for insomnia as well as headaches.
How to Eat
  • The shoots of Fireweed shoots could be used as a food.
  • The young stems can be consumed raw or added to salads.
  • The root could be roasted.
  • In Alaska, Fireweed is used to make candies, jellies, syrups, and ice cream.
  • In Russia, the leaves are consumed as a tea.
  • Shoots are boiled and consumed with butter.
  • The root can be used as a substitute for coffee and it can be ground into flour to use for bread.


The content and the information in this website are for informational and educational purposes only, not as a medical manual. All readers are urged to consult with a physician before beginning or discontinuing use of any prescription drug or under taking any form of self-treatment. The information given here is designed to help you make informed decisions about your health. It is not intended as a substitute for any treatment that may have been prescribed by your doctor. If you are under treatment for any health problem, you should check with your doctor before trying any home remedies. If you are following any medication, take any herb, mineral, vitamin or other supplement only after consulting with your doctor. If you suspect that you have a medical problem, we urge you to seek competent medical help. The Health Benefits Times writers, publishers, authors, its representatives disclaim liability for any unfavorable effects causing directly or indirectly from articles and materials contained in this website