Flaxseed Facts

Flaxseed, or linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.), comes from the flax plant, which is an annual herb. It is one of the ancient cultivated crops since Mesopotamian times, grown for its oil seeds and fiber. Its chewy seeds are packed with full of nutrients, omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, minerals, and essential vitamins. Of late, health benefits of flax have widely drawn the attention of nutrition researchers as well as health enthusiasts alike across the planet. Seeds are commonly consumed in one of three ways: whole seed, ground seed (powder or meal), or flaxseed oil.

Name Flaxseed
Scientific Name Linum usitatissimum
Native Native to regions of the Middle East and India.
Common/English Name Common flax, cultivated flax, flax, linseed, lint bells, linum
Name in Other Languages English: Flax
Swahili: Kitani
French: Lin
Portuguese: Linhaça
Italian: Lino
Spanish: Lino
Hawaiian: lilina
Swedish: Lin
Chinese: Ya ma
Korean: Ama
Arabic: Kettan
German: Flachs
Plant Growth Habit Erect, Annual or Perennial plant
Growing Climate Flourishes well both in tropical as well as subtropical climates
Soil Thrives in deep moist soils rich in sand, silt, and clay.
Plant Size 1.2 m (3 ft. 11 in) tall
Root Strong taproot that can grow to the depth of 3 to 4 feet.
Stem Slender stems
Leaf Glaucous green, simple, slender lanceolate leaves with smooth edges, 20–40 mm long, and 3 mm broad alternately arranged on the stem.
Flower Pure pale blue, 15–25 mm in diameter, with five petals.
Fruit Round, dry capsule 5–9 mm in diameter,
Seed Shape & Size Smooth, glossy surface and flat shape that somewhat appear like sesame seeds, but quite larger, measuring about 5–7 mm in length
Seed Color Yellow, greenish, green-brownish, brown or very dark (almost black)
Flavor/Aroma Mild nutty flavor
Taste Nutty yet pleasantly sweet Taste
Major Nutrition Total Fat (lipid) 217.96 g (622.74%)
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 20.3 µg (16.92%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.02 mg (6.80%)
Zinc, Zn 0.15 mg (1.36%)
Protein 0.24 g (0.48%)
Phosphorus, P 2 mg (0.29%)
Calcium, Ca 2 mg (0.20%)
Choline 0.4 mg (0.07%)
Health Benefits
  • Beneficial for Cancer
  • Weight Loss
  • Good for Heart Health
  • Digestive Health
  • Menopausal Symptoms
  • Help with immune disorders
  • Blood Pressure, Healthy Skin and Hair
  • Diabetes
  • High in Fiber, but Low in Carbs
  • Blood Cholesterol
  • Inflammation
  • Treating acne, eczema, psoriasis
  • Promoting healthy hair and nails
  • Minimize nerve damage
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Fight prostate problems
  • Eye Health
  • Reduces Eczema
  • Treats Sjogren’s syndrome
Calories in 1 cup (218 gm) 1927 K cal


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