Jute – Corchorus olitorius Facts

Jute is one of the strongest natural plant fibers. Jute is a long, soft, shiny plant fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It’s the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton in terms of usage, global consumption, production and availability. It grows best in warm, humid climates. India, Bangladesh, and China are the main producers of jute. In addition to adding a distinct flavor to food, jute leaves also have nutritional value, and they act as thickeners in soups, stews, and sauces. Jute leaves are flavorful and tender when harvested young, older leaves are more woody and fibrous, making them less ideal for consumption.

Name Jute
Scientific Name Corchorus olitorius
Native Indian subcontinent
Common/English Name Saluyot, bush okra, Jute, West African sorrel, Jew’s mallow, Egyptian spinach,  Krinkrin,  jute mallow, Chang shouo huang ma
Name in Other Languages Arabic:  Lif khaysha, Mulûkhîyah (ملوخية), Nalta, Nalita
Azerbaijani: Uzunmeyvəli cut
Bengali:  Deshi pat, Meetha pat, Tosha pat
Catalan: Jute d’Aràbia
Chinese: Zhang shuo huang ma (长蒴黄麻), Shan ma (山麻)
Danish:  Almindelig jute, Jute, Juteplante
Dutch:  Jute, Juteplant
English:  Bangla tossa jute, Bush okra, Jew’s mallow, Long-fruited jute, Nalta jute, Nalita jute, Red jute, Tossa jute, West African sorrel, Egyptian spinach, melokhia, molochia, pot-herb jute, Tossa jute
Estonian: Pikaviljaline Dzuut
French:  Chanvre du Bengale, Corète potagère, Corette potagère, Lalo, Lalou, Mauve des Juifs, Mélochie, corette, jute
German:  Judenmalve, Langkapseljute, Langkapsel-Jute, Meluchie, Nalta-Jute
Greek:  Ines kórchorou (Ινες κόρχορου),  Korchoros (Κόρχορος)
Hebrew: Mallucheyah ne’echelet, מַלּוּכְיָה נֶאֱכֶלֶת, מַלּוּכְיָה נֶאֱכֶלֶת,
Hindi: Janascha kashto (जनासकाकोषटो), Jūtan (जूतन),  Mitha paat (मीथ पाट),  Patsan (पटसन),  Paat (पाट), Patta (पट्ट), Tosha paat
Italian:  Corcoro ortense, Corcoro siliquoso,  Malva dei giardini, Spinaci degli Ebrei
Japanese:  Nagamitsunaso Taiwantsunaso, Taiwan tsunaso (タイワンツナソ), moroheiya (モロヘイヤ), nagami-tsunaso (ナガミツナソ), Shimatsunaso (シマツナソ)
Malay: Mulukhiyah
Polish: Juta kolorowa
Portuguese:  Juta, Juta-tossa, melóquia
Romanian: Iută
Russian:  Dzhut dlinnoplodnyi (Джут длинноплодный),  Dzhut tossa (Джут тосса), Krasnyj dzhut (Красный джут)
Spanish:  Yute, Yute de fruto alargado
Thai: Fak yao (ฝักยาว),  Krachao (กระเจา),   Po krachao (ปอกระเจา)
Turkish:  Kırmızı jüt, Muluhia
Vietnamese:  Rau đay
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous annual
Growing Climate Warm, humid climates along with sufficient water
Soil Well-drained, sandy loam
Plant Size 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 metres) in height
Stem Glabrous
Leaf Shape & Size 6-10 cm long, 3.5-5 cm broad, elliptic-lanceolate, apically acute or acuminate, glabrous, serrate, the lower serratures on each side prolonged into a filiform appendage over 6 mm long, rounded at the base, 3-5 nerved; petioles 2-2.5 cm long, slightly pubescent, especially towards the apex; atipules subulate, 6-10 mm long.
Leaf Color Light green leaves
Leaf Taste Slightly bitter
Flower Small pale yellow; bracts lanceolate; 2-3 cm wide, Sepals 3 mm long, oblong, apiculate.  Petals 5 mm long, oblong spathulate.
Fruit Capsules 3-6.5 cm long, linear, cylindric erect, beaked, glabrous, 10-ribbed, 5-valved; valves with transverse partitions between the seeds
Seed Seeds grayish black, angled
Varieties/Types White jute (Corchorus capsularis), Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius)
Major Nutrition Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 94 µg (78.33%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.496 mg (38.15%)
Iron, Fe 2.73 mg (34.13%)
Vitamin A, RAE 225 µg (32.14%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 28.7 mg (31.89%)
Copper, Cu 0.222 mg (24.67%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 90 µg (22.50%)
Calcium, Ca 184 mg (18.40%)
Magnesium, Mg 54 mg (12.86%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.167 mg (12.85%)
Potassium, K 478 mg (10.17%)
Health Benefits
  • Internal Bleeding
  • Protects Eye Health
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Supports Skin Health and Cell Growth
  • Fights off Colds and Flu
  • Reduces Cholesterol
  • Cancer
  • Maintains Healthy Teeth and Gums
  • Prevents Asthma
  • Protects Healthy Hair and Skin
Calories in 1 cup (100 gm) 32 K cal