Jute – Corchorus olitorius Facts

Jute is one of the strongest natural plant fibers. Jute is a long, soft, shiny plant fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It’s the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton in terms of usage, global consumption, production and availability. It grows best in warm, humid climates. India, Bangladesh, and China are the main producers of jute. In addition to adding a distinct flavor to food, jute leaves also have nutritional value, and they act as thickeners in soups, stews, and sauces. Jute leaves are flavorful and tender when harvested young, older leaves are more woody and fibrous, making them less ideal for consumption.

Name Jute
Scientific Name Corchorus olitorius
Native Indian subcontinent
Common/English Name Saluyot, bush okra, Jute, West African sorrel, Jew’s mallow, Egyptian spinach,  Krinkrin,  jute mallow, Chang shouo huang ma
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous annual
Growing Climate Warm, humid climates along with sufficient water
Soil Well-drained, sandy loam
Plant Size 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 metres) in height
Stem Glabrous
Leaf Shape & Size 6-10 cm long, 3.5-5 cm broad, elliptic-lanceolate, apically acute or acuminate, glabrous, serrate, the lower serratures on each side prolonged into a filiform appendage over 6 mm long, rounded at the base, 3-5 nerved; petioles 2-2.5 cm long, slightly pubescent, especially towards the apex; atipules subulate, 6-10 mm long.
Leaf Color Light green leaves
Leaf Taste Slightly bitter
Flower Small pale yellow; bracts lanceolate; 2-3 cm wide, Sepals 3 mm long, oblong, apiculate.  Petals 5 mm long, oblong spathulate.
Fruit Capsules 3-6.5 cm long, linear, cylindric erect, beaked, glabrous, 10-ribbed, 5-valved; valves with transverse partitions between the seeds
Seed Seeds greyish black, angled
Varieties/Types White jute (Corchorus capsularis), Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius)
Major Nutrition Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 94 µg (78.33%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.496 mg (38.15%)
Iron, Fe 2.73 mg (34.13%)
Vitamin A, RAE 225 µg (32.14%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 28.7 mg (31.89%)
Copper, Cu 0.222 mg (24.67%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 90 µg (22.50%)
Calcium, Ca 184 mg (18.40%)
Magnesium, Mg 54 mg (12.86%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.167 mg (12.85%)
Potassium, K 478 mg (10.17%)
Health Benefits
  • Internal Bleeding
  • Protects Eye Health
  • Restless Leg Syndrome
  • Supports Skin Health and Cell Growth
  • Fights off Colds and Flu
  • Reduces Cholesterol
  • Cancer
  • Maintains Healthy Teeth and Gums
  • Prevents Asthma
  • Protects Healthy Hair and Skin
Calories in 1cup (100gm) 32 Kcal