King of bitters facts

King of Bitter is regarded as the bitterest plant which is used in traditional medicine. It is also called Bile of the Earth due to its bitterness.
It contains anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and antiseptic properties that assist the overall functions of the body. Native to Southern China, Vietmam, Malaysia and Indonesia, it has history of use from long time ago. It is an herb that reduces fever, eliminates intestinal parasites and enhances appetite. It possesses antibacterial properties and helps to treat the health ailments such as malaria, liver, influenza and digestive ailments. It also possesses antihepatotoxic, antimalarial, antibiotic, antihepatitic, antiinflammatory, antithrombogenic, antipyretic and anti-snake venom properties.

Name King of Bitters
Scientific Name Andrographis paniculata
Native Native to Sri Lanka and India
Common/English Name Creat, Nilavembu, Green chireta, Chuan Xin Lian, Kirayat, King of Bitters kalmegh, India echinacea, sambiloto, kiryat
Name in Other Languages Punjabi: Chooraita;
Assamese: Chirota;
Arabic: Quasabhuva;
Marathi: Oli-kiryata, kadu kirayata;
Bengali: Kālmegh, Kalmegh, Kalomegh, Kalpanath, Mohatita;
Oriya: Chireita, Bhuinimba;
Chinese: Si fang lian, Chuan Xin Lian,
Persian: Naine-havandi,
Gujarati: Kariyatu,
Sanskrit: Kālamegha, Bhuinimb, Bhūnimba, Mahateet, Kirata, Mahatikta,
Hindi: Kirayat,
Tamil: Nila Vembu, Siriyaa Nangai,
Kannada: Nelabevu,
Malayalam: Kiriyathth, NilavEpp,
Telugu: Nelavemaa,
Malay: Hempedu Bumi,
Bahasa Indonesia: Sambiroto, Sambiloto,
Tagalog: Aluy, Sinta, Likha, Serpentina,
Thai: Fa Thalai Chon,
Khmer: Smau pramat manuss,
Lao: La Xa Bee,
Sinhalese: Hīn Kohomba, Hīn Bīm Kohomba, Heen Kohomba, Heen Bim Kohomba,
Vietnamese: Xuyên Tâm Liên,
French: roi des amers, 
Chinese: Si fang lian, chuan xin lian,
Gujarati: Olikiriyat, Kiriyata,
Hindi:  Bhuinimb, Kiryat, Kalmegh, Mahatit,
Japanese: Senshinren, Andorogurafizu paniikuraata,
Kannada: Nelabevu gida,
Malayalam: Kiriyatta, Nilaveppu,
Marathi: Olen Kirayat,
Russian:  Андрографис  Andrografis,
Thai:  Fa thalai chon,
Marma: Kojomi, Chirota,
Assam: Chiorta
Plant Growth Habit Annual, herbaceous, evergreen, deciduous
Plant Size 30-100 cm (12-43 inches)
Stem Slender, dark green
Leaf Opposite, egg shaped, simple, lance shaped; Length: 8 cm (3.1 inch)  by 2.5 cm (0.98 inch)
Flower White
Fruit shape & size Capsule, Length: 2 cm (0.79 inch); Wide: few millimeters
Taste Bitter
Seed Yellow to brown
Seeds weight (1Kg) 597000-600000 seeds
Health Benefits
  • Treat various ailments
  • Histamine level
  • Prevent infections
  • Prevents cancer
  • Anti-inflammation
  • Treats diabetes
  • Prevent malaria
  • Anti-microbial
  • Anti-oxidant properties
  • Reduce fatigue
  • The pregnant and breast feeding women should not it.
  • It slows down the clotting of blood.
  • It lowers the blood pressure.
  • The patients with gallbladder, kidney, cardiac, high blood pressure problems should avoid it.
  • It could result to rashes or lose motions.


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