Melinjo facts

Melinjo is native to Southeast Asia which belongs to the Gnetaceae family. It is a dioecious gymnosperm plant which has conical trunk. The tree is small to medium which has evergreen leaves. The strobilus has large nut like seed inside which is 2 to 4 cm long. The leaves and fruits are prominent in Indonesian cuisines. Melinjo is harvested twice in a year between May to July and October to December. In Kalimantan, Sulawesi Island and Java, the tree is planted near the roadside and house. From the long time ago, Melinjo trees are sophisticated and its leaves, flowers and fruits are used.

Name Melinjo
Scientific Name Gnetum gnemon
Native Native to Assam, Vietnam, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. It is cultivated everywhere in southeast W Yunnan, Xizang in China.
Common/English Name Daeking Tree, Gnemon Tree, Gnetum Nut, Joint-Fir Spinach, Jointfir, Paddy Oats, Spanish Jointfir, Melinjo Nut, Two Leaf, Tulip Tree, Meminjau, Bago, Gnemon, Gnetum, Kuliat/culiat, Belinjo, Padi oats
Name in Other Languages Borneo: Sabong;
Burmese: Tanyin-Ywe;
Chinese: Xian Zhou Mai Ma Teng;
Fiji: Sukau Motu;
French: Gnetum À Feuilles Comestibles;
India:
Assamese: Genemo;
Indonesia:-
Javanese: Bagu;
Sundanese: Tangkil Sake;
Khmer: Voë Khlaèt;
Malaysia: Melinjau;
Papua New Guinea: Ambiam;
Maring: Ambiamtupee;
Philippines: Banago;
Solomon Islands: King Tree;
Thailand: Peesae;
Vietnamese: Rau Danh
Plant Growth Habit Small to medium tree, much branched, dioecious, evergreen
Growing Climate Tropical rainforest
Soil Well-drained, moist
Plant Size 5 to 10 m
Root Strong tap root
Bark Woody, round, gray
Stem Well branched, cylindrical bole; Diameter: 40 cm
Leaf Opposite, simple, elliptical-oblong, dark green; Length: 8-20 cm, Width: 3-10 cm
Fruit shape & size Ellipsoid, ovoid, Length: 1-3.5 cm, Width: half
Fruit color Yellow, purple-red, orange-red
Fruit peel Thin
Fruit Taste Distinct bitter
Seed Large, ovoid or ellipsoid
Varieties/Types
  • Gravels varieties
  • Sticky rice varieties
  • Varieties of barrel shaped
Major Nutritions (Fruit) Manganese, Mn 34 ppm (1478.26%)
Copper, Cu 1.9 ppm (211.11%)
Iron, Fe 15.6 mg (195.00% )
Zinc, Zn 11.8 ppm (107.27%)
Potassium, K 624 mg (13.28%)
Magnesium, Mg 52 mg (12.38%)
Phosphorus, P 82 mg (11.71%)
Protein 5.2 g (10.40%)
Carbohydrate 13.3 g (10.23%)
Calcium, Ca 68 mg (6.80%)
Health Benefits
  • Brain health
  • Assist growth
  • Regulate the temperature
  • Skin health
  • Prevent stroke
  • Treat cramps
  • Kidney health
  • Muscles
  • Regeneration of cells and tissues
  • Hair health
Calories in 100 gm 92 Kcal.
 Precautions It should be consumed in moderate amounts.

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