Mexican poppy facts

Mexican Poppy is found in waste lands. It is a perennial herb which grows up to 1 meter high. Leaves possess spines, sessile and without petioles. The plant has yellow flowers. The fruit is a capsule which bears numerous small spines as well as seeds which resembles mustard. It mostly grows in the tropical and sub-tropical countries.

Name Mexican poppy
Scientific Name Argemone mexicana
Native Native to Mexico and West Indies. It became pantropical after it got introduced as an ornamental. It is naturalized in African countries.
Common/English Name Mexican poppy, Yellow thistle, Mexican pricklepoppy, Prickly poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, pavot épineux, Amapolas del Campo, Bird-in-the-bush, Bermuda Thistle, Brahmadanti, Caruancho, Cardo Santo, Chadron, Gamboge Thistle, Flowering Thistle, Gold Thistle of Peru, Jamaican Thistle, Hierba Loca, Kawinchu, Mexican Thistle, Mexican Prickly Poppy, Prickly Pepper, Mexican Thorn Poppy, Prickly Poppy, Satayanasi, Queen Thistle, Xate, Shate, Thistle-bush, Svarnasiri, Zebe Dragon,  Yellow Thistle
Name in Other Languages Argentina: cardo Amarillo;
Brazil: cardo-amarelo;
Bangladesh: Shialkata;
Germany: Mexikanischer Stachelmohn;
India: agara;
chardon béni;
Italy: papavero messicano;
Kenya: ekijembajembe;
Mexico: chicalote;
chardon du pays;
Netherlands: stekelpapaver;
Nigeria: Boginahi;
Paraguay: Cardo santo;
South Africa: yellow-flowered Mexican poppy;
Puerto Rico:
Zimbabwe: umjelemani;
French: argemone mexicaine;
adormidera espinosa;
Bengali: Shialkanta;
Prickly poppy;
Hindi: Pila-dhatura;
Tamil: Karukkansedi;
Oriya: Kantakusham;
Hindi: Bharband;
Konkani: Phirangi dhutro;
Bengali: Siyal-Kanta;
Kannada: Datturigidda;
Malayalam: Ponnummattu;
Marathi: Firangi dhotra;
Manipuri: Khomthongpee;
Sanskrit: Swarnakshiri
Plant Growth Habit Robust, erect herb
Growing Climate Tropical
Plant Size 150 cm
Lifespan Annual
Root Taproot
Stem Erect, branched, prickly, pale bluish to green
Leaf Alternate, mottled white and dark green, thistle like, toothed; Length: 15 cm
Flowering Season April- July
Flower Solitary, glabrous, yellow-pale orange, Diameter: 2.5-5 cm
Fruit shape & size (Capsule) Oblong, egg-shaped, ovoid, spiny; Length: 2.5-5 cm; Width: 2 cm
Seed Spherical, brownish-black; Diameter: 1 mm
Health Benefits
  • Treat skin problems
  • Heal wounds
  • Mosquito repellant
  • Impotency
  • Ringworm


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