Pumpkin facts

Cucurbita moschata Duchesne is widely grown as well as consumed pumpkin in South Pacific and Tropical Asia. Fruit, flowers, tendril shoots and leaves are also consumed as vegetable. Pumpkins are actually fruits but they are regarded as vegetables. They are intolerant to waterlogging but tolerant to droughts. It is commonly cultivated in Africa, Asia and America.

Name Pumpkin
Scientific Name Cucurbita moschata Duchesne
Native Central America and Northern South America
Common/English Name Butternut Squash, Golden Cushaw, Cheese Pumpkin, Melon Squash, Japanese Pumpkin, Musky Pumpkin, Musky Gourd, Musky Squash, Seminole Pumpkin, Musky Winter Squash, Winter Crookneck Squash, Tropical Pumpkin, Winter Pumpkin, Winter Marrow , Winter Straightneck Squash, Winter Squash
Name in Other Languages Afrikaans: Pampoen;
Arabic: Qar’miski;
Argentina: Calabaza;
Bangladesh: Mitiskumra;
Bolivia: Joko;
Brazil: Abóbora;
Chinese: Fan Kua;
Colombia: Tamalayota;
Czech: Tykev Pižmová;
Danish: Kroghals;
Dutch: Reuzenkalebas;
Ecuador: Zapallo;
Eastonian: Muskuskőrvits;
Egypt: Karr Misky;
French: Courge De Chypre,;
German: Bisamkürbis;
Guatemala: Calabaza De Chipre;
Hebrew: Delaat Hagina;
Hungarian: Pézsmatök;
Hindu: Lal Kumra,
Tamil: Sura Kai;
Indonesia: –
Javanese: Waluh,
Madurese: Labuh,
Malay: Labu,
Sundanese: Waluh;
Italian: Zucca Muschiata;
Japanese: Kabotcha;
Khmer: Lo-Peu;
Korean: Hipak;
Laos: Fak Thoong;
Kelabit: Tatak Labu,
Iban: Entakai Kemayau,
Malay: Labu Parang;
Mexico: Tamalayota;
Morocco: Courge Bédouine;
Nahuatl: Tamalayotl;
Yoruba: Elegede;
Norwegian: Muskatgraskar;
Panama: Auyama;
Papua New Guinea: Pamkin;
Peru: Zapallo;
Philippines: Kalabasa;
Polish: Dynia Pizmowa;
Portuguese: Abóbora Moscata;
Russian: Tykva Muskatnaia;
Singapore: Labu Tukai;
Slovenia: Muškatna Buča;
Spanish: Calabaza Almiscarada;
Swedish: Bisampumpa;
Switzerland: Courge Muscade;
Thai: Namtao Farang;
Acholi: Kicwika,
Alur & Jonam: Okondo,
Bugisu: Kimisebebe,
Kakwa: Kedi,
Luganda: Ensujju,
Madi: Enjubi,
Rukiga: Ebishusha,
Teso: Imunyuru,
Runyankore: Ebishusha,
Runyoro: Emyongo,
Rutooro: Emyongo;
Venezuela: Auyama;
Vietnam: Bi Ngo
Plant Growth Habit Monoecious, climbing, annual
Growing Climate Hot and humid
Soil Well-drained soil
Plant Size
Root Tap root, shallow branched
Stem Hairless, climbing vines, Height: 3 meters
Leaf Shape & Size Alternate, simple, ovate-cordate- suborbicular, 20–25 × 25–30 cm
Leaf Color Dark Green
Leaf Taste Taste similar to a mixture of green beans, asparagus, broccoli and spinach
Flower Shape & Size Pentamerous, axillary, solitary
Flower Color Bright yellow or orangey yellow
Fruit Shape & Size Large, globose-ovoid, cylindrical berry
Fruit Color Light green- dark green with cream spots or completely white
Flesh Color Light or bright orange-greenish
Fruit Weight 6-18 pounds (2.7-8.2 kg)
Seed Ovate or elliptical, flatten with a yellowish-white surface; 8-21 × 5-11 mm
Major Nutrition (Leaf) Iron, Fe 0.87 mg (10.88%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.081 mg (6.23%)
Manganese, Mn 0.138 mg (6.00%)
Phosphorus, P 41 mg (5.86%)
Copper, Cu 0.052 mg (5.78%)
Vitamin A, RAE 38 µg (5.43%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 4.3 mg (4.78%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.05 mg (3.85%)
Isoleucine 0.061 g (3.65%)
Tryptophan 0.016 g (3.64%)
Major Nutrition(Fruit) Vitamin A, RAE 494 µg (70.57%)
Copper, Cu 0.147 mg (16.33%)
Iron, Fe 0.93 mg (11.63%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 10.4 mg (11.56%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.128 mg (9.85%)
Potassium, K 394 mg (8.38%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.23 mg (8.20%)
Phosphorus, P 51 mg (7.29%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.346 mg (6.92%)
Manganese, Mn 0.145 mg (6.30%)
Major Nutrition (Flower) Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 9.2 mg (10.22%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 19 µg (4.75%)
Vitamin A, RAE 32 µg (4.57%)
Iron, Fe 0.23 mg (2.88%)
Phosphorus, P 16 mg (2.29%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.025 mg (1.92%)
Magnesium, Mg 8 mg (1.90%)
Selenium, Se 0.2 mg (1.82%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.228 mg (1.43%)
Calcium, Ca 13 mg (1.30%)
Health benefits (Leaves)
  • Promote the health of the heart
  • Immune System
  • Ensures Soft and Supple Skin
  • Fight against cancer
  • Reduce Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Strengthen our bones
  • Alleviating PMS Syndrome
  • Prevent constipation
  • Helps Maintain Dental Health
  • Helps Prevent Premature Aging
Health Benefits(Fruit)
  • Prevent cancer
  • Skin Problems
  • Enhance immunity
  • Prevent Neurodegenerative disease
  • Prevents anemia
  • Brain health
  • Enhance mood
  • Prevent migraines
  • Prevent cramps
  • Prevent osteoporosis
Health Benefits(Flower)
  • Treatment of the Common Cold
  • Male Infertility
  • Ensures Healthy Eyes
  • Enhances Immunity
  • Bone Formation
Calories in 1cup Fruit (39gm) 30 Kcal
Calories in 1cup leaves (116gm) 7 Kcal
Calories in 1 Cup Flower 5 Kcal


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