Rowal fruit Facts

Rowal fruit scientifically known as Pangium edule is a tall tree in the Flacourtiaceae family and is native to Malesia, Melanesia and Micronesia. It  is an evergreen perennial tree sized 18–40 m tall and prefers little shade and is normally found growing in a slightly acidic soil. Fruits are the size and shape of footballs. Fruits are normally large, sub globose to ovoid-sub pyriform (football shaped), indehiscent, rough, brown, generally 15–30 cm long, and about half as thick. The exterior color of the fruits is brown. The outside skin is rough to the touch. The fruit is normally eaten when the skin is soft to the touch.

Name Rowal fruit
Scientific Name Pangium edule
Native Occurs throughout Malesia, Melanesia and Micronesia
Common/English Name Football Fruit, Sis Nut, pangi, pakem, sis, riamel, kepayang
Name in Other Languages Yapese : Rowa
Chamorro : Lasret
Pohnpeian : Drian
Dutch : Kloewak
Solomon Islands : Rawahn Falaka
Indonesia : Pucung
Palauan : Ariaml
Chuukese : Durien
Papua New Guinea : Rumrum
Malaysia : Peyang ( Bidayuh)
Plant Growth Habit Medium to large, much branched, evergreen perennial tree
Growing Climate Shade loving
Soil Grows well in a slightly acidic soil. It is also found along riverbanks and inundated areas and on stony and clayey soils.
Plant Size 18–40 m
Bark Grey brown
Trunk Up to 1 m of diameter
Leaf Leaves are entire, broadly ovate, cordate to truncate base, 15–25 cm long, 3-lobed on young trees, acuminate, glossy green, nerves palmate.
Flower Flowers mostly unisexual; male flowers occur in racemes, to 5 cm wide; with 2–3 calyx-lobes; 5 or 6 petals with a basal scale and many stamens. Female flowers are solitary, similar to male flowers, but have no stamens but with 5–6 staminodes alternating with the petals, ovary long-ovoid, thick-walled, 1-celled with 2–4 placentae and many ovules and sessile stigma.
Fruit Shape & Size Large, sub globose to ovoid-sub pyriform (football shaped), indehiscent, rough, brown, generally 15–30 cm long, and about half as thick
Fruit Color Brown
Fruit Skin Rough, scruffy
Flesh Color Pale yellow to bright yellow flesh.
Taste Similar to Durian
Seed Many, compressed ovate, greyish, 5 cm long, the hard seed coat with prominent raised nerves and embedded in creamy-white or yellowish pulp.
Major Nutrition Copper, Cu 2.417 mg (268.56%)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 58.8 mg (65.33%)
Iron, Fe 5.02 mg (62.75%)
Carbohydrate 54.49 g (41.92%)
Total dietary Fiber 14.1 g (37.11%)
Magnesium, Mg 73 mg (17.38%)
Phosphorus, P 119 mg (17.00%)
Manganese, Mn 0.353 mg (15.35%)
Total Fat (lipid) 4.56 g (13.03%)
Protein 5.24 g (10.48%)
Health Benefits
  • Alleviates PMS Syndrome
  • Weakness
  • Prevents cardiovascular diseases
  • Normalizes bowel movements
  • Immune System
  • Lowers Risk of Gout
  • Proper Growth
Calories in 1 cup (228 gm) 253 K cal


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