Rutabaga – Brassica napus var. napobrassica Facts

Rutabaga is a close cousin of the turnip and is a member of the cruciferous vegetable family. It is a cool-season vegetable that withstands frost and mild freezing and grows best in a moderately deep, fertile and slightly acid soil. Rutabaga will not do well in soils that are heavy, wet or poorly drained. Rutabagas are inexpensive and can be stored for extended periods of time, making them normally accessible locally year-round. They are collected in late summer and early fall when flavor is at its peak. Rutabaga has a mild flavor that is similar to both cabbage and turnip, but sweeter. It is nutritious, inexpensive and easy to prepare and is great staple for any family or student diet.

Name Rutabagas
Scientific Name Brassica napus var. napobrassica
Native Native to Europe
Common/English Name Eddie, Neep, Rutabaga, Swede, Swede Turnip, Swedish Turnip, Wax Turnip, Yellow Turnip, Russian turnip, Swedish turnip, winter turnip, Canadian turnip
Name in Other Languages Polish : Brukiew
Chinese : Man Jing Gan Lan
Swedish : Kålrot
Czech : Tořna
Spanish : Col Nabo
Dutch : Koolraapen
Japanese : Rutabaga
Denmark: kålroe
Scots : Neep, Tumshie
French : Chou-Navet
Portuguese : Nabo
Italian : Navete
Norwegian : Kålrot
Finnish : Lanttu
Russian : Brjukva
Hungarian : Svéd Karórépa
Danish : Kålroe
German : Kohlrübe
Plant Growth Habit Biennial, glabrous, glaucous herb
Growing Climate Humid cool climate as found in the Mediterranean to sub temperate areas.
Soil Moderately deep, well-drained, fertile and slightly acid sandy loams, loams and clay loams which are well supplied with organic matter.
Plant Size 30–150 cm tall
Root Shape & Size Fleshy, napiform or globose root,lumpy tops with a slightly irregular shape that are 3-5 inches in diameter.
Root Color Purple, white or yellow or greenish tinged
Skin Color Thin pale yellow skin
Flesh Color Yellowish flesh
Flavor/aroma Nutty and sweet with a mild turnip-like flavor
Taste Mild peppery, sweet taste
Stem Erect, branched
Leaf Smooth, waxy leaves that are thick like cabbage and are medium green to blue-green in color
Flower Small and have light-yellow petals, broadly obovate, apex rounded;

claw distinct 5–9 mm.

Fruit Linear, 4–11 cm × 2.5–5 mm, terete or slightly 4 angled, sessile, divaricate or ascending.
Seed Dark brown or blackish, globose, 1–2 mm to 3 mm across, minutely reticulate.
Varieties/Types American Purple Top Rutabaga, Joan Rutabaga, Laurentian Rutabaga, Marian Rutabaga, Heirloom and Gourmet Rutabaga
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 35 mg (38.89%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.14 mg (10.77%)
Phosphorus, P 74 mg (10.57%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.126 mg (10.50%)
Carbohydrate 12.07 g (9.28%)
Potassium, K 427 mg (9.09%)
Total dietary Fiber 3.2 g (8.42%)
Manganese, Mn 0.183 mg (7.96%)
Iron, Fe 0.62 mg (7.75%)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 29 µg (7.25%)
Health Benefits
  • Helps Prevent Cancer
  • Diabetes and Weight Loss
  • Metabolic Function
  • Improves Digestion
  • Strong Bones
  • Rich in Potassium
  • Enzymatic Function
  • Boosts the Immune System
  • Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Health
  • Can Improve Your Mood
Calories in 1cup (140gm) 52 Kcal


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