Turkey Facts

Meleagris gallopavo commonly known as Turkey is the largest and most distinctive members of the Galliformes. It has long, powerful legs, a long neck, and a large, fan-shaped tail. They have short, rounded wings. Male wild turkeys have dark, iridescent plumage. Their flight feathers are black with brown stripes and are barred with white. They have a red wattle (a fleshy lobe that hangs down from the chin or throat), a caruncle (a wart-like projection of skin attached to the upper part of the forehead), and a blackish breast tuft. Their pink, pinkish-gray, or silver-gray legs have spurs which can grow as long as 3.2 cm. The heads of adult males (called gobblers) are red, blue, or white depending on the season. Female wild turkeys (called hens) are smaller and duller than males. Most females do not have a breast tuft. Females have a grayish head and a feathered neck. Wild turkeys are omnivorous. They primarily eat vegetable matter such as acorns, nuts, seeds, buds, leaves and fern fronds. Male turkeys weigh 6.8 to 11 kg. Hens usually weigh 3.6 to 5.4 kg. Weight varies considerably with time of year and resource availability.

Name Turkey
Scientific Name Meleagris gallopavo
Native Native to North America
Common/English Name Wild Turkey, Turkey
Favorable Climate Species as a whole is typically found in hardwood forests with scattered open areas and nearby agricultural fields, particularly where oak dominates. The wild turkey also requires an open source of water, such as a spring seep, stream, pond, lake or livestock watering source.
Shape & Size Length: 110 – 115 cm

Wingspan: 125 – 144 cm

Color Dark brownish-grey to blackish, with an lustrous sheen to the feathers
Male Turkey Weight

Female Turkey Weight

5 to 11 kg (11 to 24 lb.)

2.5–5.4 kg (5.5–11.9 lb

  • Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
  • Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris ocellata)
Major Nutrition Lysine 2.038 g (60.94%)
Tryptophan 0.264 g (60.00%)
Histidine 0.67 g (54.38%)
Threonine 0.897 g (50.97%)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 8.075 mg (50.47%)
Protein 24.7 g (49.40%)
Selenium, Se 26.1 µg (47.45%)
Leucine 1.712 g (46.32%)
Isoleucine 0.708 g (42.34%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.547 mg (42.08%)
Valine 0.79 g (37.41%)
Vitamin B-12 (Cobalamine) 0.8 µg (33.33%)
Phosphorus, P 189 mg (27.00%)
Zinc, Zn 2.13 mg (19.36%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.238 mg (18.31%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.808 mg (16.16%)
Choline 75.6 mg (13.75%)
Iron, Fe 0.88 mg (11.00%)
Health Benefits
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Good for the Immune System
  • For Thyroid Problem
  • Bodybuilding
  • Lower Your Cholesterol and Maintain Your Brain Power
  • Enhances mood
  • Beneficial for men
  • Good for Diabetic
  • IBS
  • Gout
  • Increases Red Blood Cells
  • Lose Weight
  • Good Source of Protein
  • Insomnia
  • Pregnancy
Calories in 3 oz (85 gm) 135 K cal


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