Water Chestnuts Facts

Chinese water chestnut is a tuberous, rush-like, marginal aquatic perennial that is probably grown more often for its edible, dark brown tubers (corms) than it is grown for ornamental purposes. Plants produce horizontal rhizomes that terminate in rounded tubers. The tubers are commonly used in Asian cooking. They may be eaten raw or cooked, and are noted for their sweetness and distinctive nut-like crunch. These plants are commercially cultivated in China and Japan for the tubers.

Name Water chestnuts
Scientific Name Eleocharis dulcis
Native Tropical West Africa
Common/English Name Bush Nut, Chinese Water Chestnut, Edible Spike Rush, Ground Chestnut, Spike Rush, Water Chestnut, Water Nut
Name in Other Languages Kwara: Ngwano
Arabic: El-Kustana
Philippines: Apulid (Bikol)
Vietnamese: Cu M Thay(North)
Chamorro: Uchaga-Lane
Taiwan: Shui Deng Xin Cao
Fijian: Kuta
Spanish: Cabezas De Negrito
Russian: Bolotnitsa
French: Ch tagine D’eau
India: Singhara
Indonesia: Teki
Khmer: Mm Phl ng
Japanese: Okuro Guwai
Malaysia: Tike
Tongan: Kuta
Nepalese: Kasuur
Samoan: Utu utu
Danish: Kinavandkastanie
Sri Lanka: Boru-Pan
German: Wasserkastanie
Thai: Yaa- Chongkatiam
Chinese: Bi-Qi
Palauan: Kerdikes
Plant Growth Habit Tuberous, rush-like, marginal aquatic perennial
Growing Climate Grows well in mud in margins of Shallow lakes, ponds, paddy fields, swamps and marshes and prefers sunny locations
Soil Prefers rich, friable soil, well manured or fertilized in shallow water
Plant Size 1 to 2 m tall
Stem Erect, terete, tufted, 40-200 cm tall, 3-10 mm in diameter, longitudinally striate, distinctly transversely septate, the intersepta 5-12 mm long, hollow, smooth, greyish to glossy dark green.
Flower Yellow-brown, bisexual, with perianth of 6-8, filiform, unequal, white to brown bristles
Fruit Obovoid nut (achene), 1.5-2.2 x 1.2-1.8 mm, shiny yellow to brown.
Corm Shape & Size Small, round gladiola bulbs reaching up to 4cm in diameter
Corm Color Brown to black
Skin Color Thin brown skin
Flesh Color White
Flavor/Aroma Mild flavor blend between apple, chestnut and coconut.
Taste Fresh, delicate taste
Major Nutrition Copper, Cu 0.404 mg (44.89%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.407 mg (31.31%)
Carbohydrate 29.69 g (22.84%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.248 mg (19.08%)
Manganese, Mn 0.41 mg (17.83%)
Potassium, K 724 mg (15.40%)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.174 mg (14.50%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.594 mg (11.88%)
Phosphorus, P 78 mg (11.14%)
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) 1.49 mg (9.93%)
Health Benefits
  • Proper Growth
  • Protects Eye Health
  • Provide Energy
  • Migraine
  • Helps Prevent Osteoporosis
  • Good for the heart
  • Prevents Alzheimer’s disease
  • Helps Wound Healing
  • Helps Maintain Dental Health
  • Helps PMS Symptoms
Calories in 1cup (124gm) 120 Kcal


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