Winter Squash Facts

Winter squash also known as winter Pumpkin is a warm-season vegetable native to Chile, Argentina, Bolivia and Uruguay. It is a sweet and nutrients dense vegetable which is used in several food items since ancient times. Apart from that it has been featured in various systems of traditional medicine for several ailments.

Name Winter Squash
Scientific Name Cucurbita maxima
Native Temperate South America– Chile, Argentina, Bolivia and Uruguay.
Common/English Name Autumn Squash, Banana Squash, Buttercup Squash, Giant Pumpkin, Hubbard Squash, Japanese Squash, Sweet-Fleshed Pumpkin, Sweet-Fleshed Squash, Turban Squash, Winter Gourd, Winter Pumpkin, Winter Squash
Name in Other Languages Slovencina : Tekvica Obrovská
Arabic : Qara’ Sudani
Japanese : Kabocha
Bangladesh : Bilati
Malaysia : Labu
Finnish : Jättiläiskurpitsa
Serbian : Bondeva Pecenka
Czech : Dýně Obrovská
Egypt : Nqara Sudani
Nepalese : Kadu
French : Potiron
Bulgarian : Kestenka
Germany : Risen-Kürbis
Polish : Dynia Duza
Ghana : E fere
Philippines : Kumbasa ( Bontok )
India : Kadduu
Sierra Leone : Njalin ( Kissi )
Italian : Cocozza
Afrikaans : Ayote
Chinese : Nam Kwa
Khmer : Lo-Peu
Dutch : Pompoen
Laos : Fak Kham
Danish : Centnergrćskar
Mali : Akesaïm
Vietnamese : Bi Do
Mexico : Calabaza Tamalayota
Swedish : Jättepumpa
Nigeria : Arä
Argentina : Zapallo
Pakistan : Halva Kaddu
Togo : Kaere
Papua New Guinea : Pamkin
Hebrew : Delaat Gedola
Paraguay : Dutué
The Gambia : Laket ( Wolof )
Portuguese : Abóbora-Menina
West Cameroons : Dibok ( Bafok )
Russian : Ispolinskaja Tykva
Indonesia : Waluh
Senegal : Budi ( Fula-Pulaar )
Hungarian : Óriástök
Liberia : Bili Gah ( Mano )
Slovašcina : Buča Velikank
Thai : Fak Thong
Norwegian : Kjempegraskar
Spanish : Ayotera
Uganda : Kicwika
Papiamento : Pampuna
West Cameroons : Dibok ( Bafok )
Plant Growth Habit Monoecious, annual, trailing herb or climbing by lateral
Growing Climate Warm-season vegetable
Soil Prefers well-drained, fertile, loose soil, high in organic matter
Plant Size 1.5 to 3 feet tall and 3 to 15 feet wide
Root Extensive but shallow root system with a branched tap root.
Stem Rounded and soft, long running, softly pubescent, often rooting at nodes.
Leaf Alternate, simple, exstipulate; petiole 5–20 cm long; lamina usually reniform, not lobed, deeply cordate at base, margins finely toothed, softly hairy, occasionally with white blotches, 3-veined from the base.
Flower Solitary, axillary, unisexual, regular, pentamerous, large, 10–20 cm across, lemon yellow to orange-yellow
Fruit Shape & Size Large, globose to ovoid or obovoid berry
Fruit Color Differs according to its varieties but are mainly white, yellow, pale grayish blue, orange with green jagged stripes
Skin Moderately hard rind
Flesh Color moderately hard rind
Fruit Weight Up to 50 kg
Flavor/aroma Sweet, mellow
Taste Sweet
Seed Obovoid, flattened, 1.5–2.5 cm × 1–1.5 cm, white to pale brown, with smooth or somewhat rough surface
Season September or October
Varieties/Types Acorn Squash, Butternut Squash, Delicata squash, Hubbard Squash, Kabocha Squash, Spaghetti Squash, Sweet Dumpling Squash,Turban Squash, Banana Squash, Buttercup Squash,Calabaza Squash, Carnival Squash, Chinese Winter Squash, Golden Nugget Squash, Heart of Gold Squash, Iran Winter Squash, Orangetti Squash, Red Etampes Squash, Red Kuri Squash, Stripetti Squash, Sweet Mama Squash, Ukrainian Winter Squash
Major Nutrition Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 12.8 mg (14.22%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.179 mg (13.77%)
Total dietary Fiber 4.5 g (11.84%)
Vitamin A, RAE 79 µg (11.29%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.464 mg (9.28%)
Manganese, Mn 0.208 mg (9.04%)
Copper, Cu 0.074 mg (8.22%)
Potassium, K 371 mg (7.89%)
Carbohydrate 10.09 g (7.76%)
Tryptophan 0.032 g (7.27%)
Health Benefits
  • Combat Cancer
  • Help Prevent or Reduce Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Digestive health
  • Provides Immune Support
  • Beneficial for skin and hair
  • Supports Bone Health and Helps Prevent Osteoporosis
  • Helps heal wounds faster
  • Lower Risk of Heart Problems
  • Prevents Alzheimer’s disease
Calories in 1cup (116gm) 46 Kcal


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