|Agar wood Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Agallochum malaccense|
|Shapes||Loculicidal capsule, obovoid or obovoid-cylindrical, 3-4 cm × 2.5 cm,|
|Health benefits||Bad breath and mouth odor, Add energy, Soothe sleep disorders, Helps to lose weight, beneficial for skin, Good for antidepressants|
The heartwood of the tree produces this dark aromatic resin as part of its natural defense mechanism when infected with fungus (Phialophora Parasitica). This resin can be produced either through natural causes of the wild or through the artificial means of inoculating it with resin-inducing substances. It is also broadly put into use as incense ingredients for cultural offerings or spiritual prayers. The heartwood of Agar tree has economic and medicinal significance.
Agar wood is a common name of evergreen tree Agallochum malaccense. It is found at altitude of 1500 m above the sea level. In India, Agar wood is mainly found in East Himalayas, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Assam. The heartwood of Agar tree has economic and medicinal significance. The plant is 40 m high and spreads up to 12 m wide and prefers heavy soils developed from gneiss and other metamorphic rocks, but it also grows well on sandy loams developed from sandstone. Plant has pale, thin and smooth trunk with smooth, whitish bark. Branchlets are slender, pale brown, pubescent, glabrescent.
Leaves are simple, alternate; petiole 4-6 mm long; blade elliptical-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 7.5-12 cm × 2.5-5.5 cm, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, sometimes pubescent and glabrescent beneath, shiny on both surfaces, base acute, attenuate or obtuse, apex acuminate, acumen up to 2 cm long; veins in 12-16 pairs, rather irregular, often branched, elevated and distinct beneath, curving upward to the margin, plane or obscure above.
Fruit is loculicidal capsule, obovoid or obovoid-cylindrical, 3-4 cm × 2.5 cm, usually compressed, pubescent, glabrescent, base cuneate, apex rounded; pericarp woody. Seeds are ovoid, 10 mm × 6 mm including a beak 4 mm long, densely red-haired, bearing from the base a twisted, tail-like, pubescent appendage as long as the seed.
Health Benefits of Agar wood
Agar wood helps to increases appetite by acting on gastric juices and liver functions. It helps in abdominal distension and helps releasing wind from the intestines. Thus, it also decreases abdominal pain and cramps that occur due to excess gas in the alimentary canal. Traditional Hindu Families also use it for increasing learning abilities and improving memory. Listed below are few of the health benefits of using agar wood leaves in different forms
1. Works as antidepressants
Agar wood leaves work as anti-depressants. Leaves consist of agarospirol which serves as anti-depressants. It helps to depress the central nervous system that causes tension and restore physical fitness.
2. Can be as anti-aging skin
Agar wood leaves can also be as anti-aging skin. Agar wood leaf tea is used to remove mercury in the body, thus decreasing the risk of mercury neurological disorders and can prevent skin aging. When toxic mercury in the body can be removed with agar wood leaf tea, it makes skin healthy and free of blemishes or skin aging.
3. Helps to lose weight
Agar wood leaves helps to lose unwanted body weight. If you are overweight, you can consume the tea of agar wood leaf. This has been proven to help you lose weight. You can consume six cups of agar wood leaf tea every day to get the beneficial outcomes.
4. Soothe sleep disorders
Agar wood leaf can also soothe sleep disorders. Tea of agar wood leaf, have effects that help to soothe and reduce the symptoms of stress, so that you can sleep calmly and longer.
5. Add energy
Agar wood leaves can also add energy. You can consume the tea of agar wood leaf regularly. When you consume tea of agar wood leaf regularly it helps to increase the quantity to urinate which shows that the agar wood leaf tea works in the body. Flushing when detoxification occurs as a result of agar wood leaf tea which also lubricates the stomach.
6. Bad breath and mouth odor (halitosis)
Generally, Agar is used for reducing bad breath and mouth odor. Bad breath results from oral diseases and gum diseases in about 80% cases. In all these cases, agar resin works amazingly. It may not work if this problem is related with gastric issue such as chronic gastritis, acidity, heartburn etc. So in case of oral diseases you can consume agar regularly for better outcomes.
Ayurvedic benefits of Agar wood
- Body Odor: Take a stick of Agar wood. Rub it on a smooth stone with Milk or Rose Water. Apply this paste on the body before bathing.
- Fever: Boil a small piece of Agar wood (Agar) in 3 cups water in an earthen pot till it is reduced to half. Let it cool. Take One tablespoon daily for 3 days.
- Head Lice: Apply Agar wood (Agar) powder all over the affected area.
- Heartburn: Inhaling the smoke by burning Agar wood sticks will be beneficial to reduce heartburn.
- Liver Disorders: Breath in the smoke of Agar wood sticks.
- Acid Reflux: Agar wood (Agar) sticks are burnt and the smoke is inhaled.
- Vomiting: Burn some sticks of Agar wood (Agar). Inhale the smoke. OR: Prepare a decoction of Agar wood (Agar). Take one cup once a day.
- Nausea: Inhale the smoke by burning Agar wood sticks.
- Wrinkles: Grind Agar wood with Milk. Apply this paste everyday all over the face and body.
- For Skin: Make a paste of Agar wood by mixing Rose water. Apply over the affected part twice a day for half an hour. It will give an effective result.
- Scabies: Powder Agar wood (Agar). Add little water to make a paste. Apply it on the affected part twice a day for half an hour and then wash.
- Itching: Grin dried Agar wood (Agar) with water. Apply over affected part for 20 minutes.
- Elephantiasis: Mix Agar wood (Agar) powder with water to make a paste. Apply on affected parts twice a day for 20 minutes.
- Swelling: Apply a paste of Agar wood (Agar) on the affected part for half an hour.
- Rheumatism: Apply the gum of Agar wood (Agar) on the affected part twice a day.
- Asthma: Take 5 cups of Agar wood pieces. Boil in 2 liter of water until it reduces to 1 liter. Add 1 liter each of Cow’s milk and Gingelly oil to it. Boil the mixture again to remove the moisture completely from it. Take Terminalia Bellirica and Liquorice root powder each of them half cup. Add to the mixture. Let it cool, then strain and store. This oil can be used to massage the scalp twice a week. Leave it for 20 Minutes and then Wash off.
- Migraine: Boil 4 cups of Agar wood pieces in 2 liter water till it is reduced to One liter. Now again boil it with one liter each of Cow’s milk and Gingelly oil and remove its moisture. Add half cup each of powdered Terminalia Bellirica and Liquorice root. Let it cool then strain. Massage the scalp with this oil twice a week; keep it for 20 Minutes and Wash off.
- Swelling: Take 4 cups of broken Agar wood chips. Soak in 2 liter water over night. Next day boil it till the water is reduced to half liter. Now grind the chips separately and again boil with the decoction for 10 Minutes. Filter. Heat with half liter each of Coconut Oil and Cow’s Milk. Add One cup each of Wild Turmeric, Rinds of Terminalia Bellirica and 2 cups each of Cassia Auriculata and Southernwood flower. Add a pinch of Saffron. Boil for 10 Minutes. Cool, strain and store. Massage the scalp with this oil twice a week.
- Baldness: Dip 5 cups of broken Agar wood chips in 2 liter water overnight. – Boil until the water reduces to one fourth. Add half liter of Coconut Oil and Cow’s Milk, one cup each of Wild Turmeric, Rinds of Terminalia Bellirica and 2 cups each of Cassia Auriculata (Tarwar) and Southernwood flower. Boil for 10 minutes and Strain. Apply on the scalp twice a week.
- Blocked Nose: Take about 2 liters of water. Add 5 cups of Agar wood pieces. Boil it. Wait till the volume reduces to 1 liter. Add 1 liter of Cow’s Milk and 1 liter of Sesame Oil. Remove the moisture from the mixture by boiling it. Add 1/2 cup of Terminalia Bellirica rinds and Liquorice roots. Let it cool. Filter it. Use it twice a week.
- Body Odor: Take 2 liters of water. Add 5 cups of Agar wood pieces. Boil it. Wait till the volume reduces to 1 liter. Add 1 liter of Cow’s Milk and 1 liter of Sesame Oil. Remove the moisture from the mixture by boiling it. Add 1/2 cup of Terminalia Bellirica rinds and Liquorice roots. Let it cool. Filter it. Use it twice a week.
- Asthma: Take a Betel (Pan) leaf and wash. Drip 2 drops of Agar wood (Agar) oil over it. Chew it properly once a day.
- Cough: Powder dried Agar wood (Agar). Take one pinch with one teaspoon Honey (Shehad) twice a day.
- Hiccups: Put one pinch Agar wood (Agar) powder in one teaspoon of Honey. Mix. Lick it twice a day.
- Impotence: Pour 2 drops of Agar wood (Agar) oil on fresh Betel (Pan) leaf and take once a day.
- Excessive Sweating: Boil the Plum juice. Add all powdered ingredients in boiling juice. Heat till the mixture becomes thick. Apply lukewarm mixture over the affected part once a day.
- Cough: Take Agar wood (Agar) and Aristolochia Indica (Hooka Bel) root in equal quantity. Grind them together. Add little water to make a paste and apply on the chest for half an hour.
- Anorexia, low appetite: Take 1-3 grams of Agar wood powder with honey.
- Puerperal disorder: Prepare tea of Agar wood and give in dosage of 10-20 ml.
- Snakebite: Apply the paste of wood at affected body part.
Other Traditional Medicinal benefits of Agar wood
- Agar wood is used to relieve spasms and to lower fever.
- It is used as a sedative against abdominal complaints, asthma, colic and diarrhea in china.
- It also is an aphrodisiac and carminative.
- In Western, Chinese and Indian medicines the incense is used against cancer, especially of the thyroid gland.
- It is applied as a sedative against abdominal complaints, asthma, colic and diarrhea, and as an aphrodisiac and carminative in China.
- Grated wood enters into various preparations used especially during and after childbirth, and to treat rheumatism, smallpox and abdominal pains.
- Decoctions of the wood are said to have anti-microbial properties, e.g. Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Shigella flexneri.
- Agar wood is a good herbal treatment for countering Throat related disorders like inflamed Throat, due to its, Analgesic characteristics.
- It is effectual in strengthening the essential organ Heart, and prolonging its functionality.
- Agar wood is quite beneficial for enhancing Sexuality.
- It is effective in countering affliction before and post childbirth.
- It is advantageous in preventing the condition of loose Stool like Dysentery and Diarrhea.
- It is also used in preparation of Creams, Lotions and Incense Sticks.
- Agar wood is effective in tending Muscular ailments like Spasm, often seen in Toes, Hands, etc. It helps in curbing the abrupt expansion and contraction of Muscles, group of Muscles or Organs.
- It also neutralizes Colic, which involves sudden generation and halt of pain, in the stomach.
Agar wood Facts
Agar wood, also known as oud, oudh, agar, aloeswood, gaharu, jinko or lign-aloes, is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees (large evergreens native to southeast Asia) when they become infected with a type of mould. Prior to infection, the heartwood is odorless, relatively light and pale colored; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark aromatic resin in response to the attack, which results in a very dense, dark, resin embedded heartwood. The resin embedded wood is valued in many cultures for its distinctive fragrance, and thus is used for incense and perfumes. Agar wood is most expensive wood and used for a several things. Its resin and oud oil is used in Ayurvedic medicines and cosmetic products.
|Scientific Name||Agallochum malaccense|
|Common Names||Agarwood, Aloewood, Eaglewood, Lign-aloes, Indian Aloewood, Aloeswood, Agar, Akyaw, Sasi, Aloes Wood, Malacca eagle-wood.|
|Name in Other Languages||English: Agalwood, Agilawood, Agar, Agaru, Agarwood, Aloewood, Eaglewood, Malayan Eaglewood Tree, Paradise Wood
Spanish: Madera de Agar
French: Bois d’Aigle, Bois d’aigle de Malacca, Bois d’Aloes, calambour.
Borneo: Alas, Calambac, Ching karas, Gaharu, Galoop, Garu, Gharu, Karas, Kayu gaharu, Kekaras, Kepang, Laroo, Mengkaras, Ngalas, Sigi-sigi, Tabak, Taras gharu, Tengkaras.
Indonesia: gaharu, ki karas (Sundanese), mengkaras (Sumatra).
Malaysia: gaharu, tengkaras, karas.
Burma (Myanmar): agar.
Vietnam: Tr[aaf]m h[uw][ow]ng.
Bengali: Agar, Aguru, Agarkashtha, Agar Chandan
Telugu and Kannada: Aguru
Tamil: Akil (அகில்)
Cantonese: Cham Heong
Chinese: Chénxiāng (沉香), Chénxiāng mù (沉香木), Agarwood
Malay: Gaharu, Pokok Karas
Papua New Guinea: Ghara or Eaglewood
Japanese: Jinkō (沈香)
Europe: Lignum aquila (eagle-wood), Agilawood, Lignum aloes or Aloeswood
Laos: Mai Ketsana
Thai: Mai Kritsana (ไม้กฤษณา)
Arabic: Oud (عود), Aquilaria malaccensis
Assamese: Sasi, Sashi, Agaru
Vietnamese: Trầm hương
Kannada: Krishna Agaru
Malayalam: Akil (അകിൽ)
Marathi: Agar, Agaru (अगरू)
Punjabi: Ooda, ooda, pharsi
Tamil: Akil kattai
Urdu: Ood Hindi, Agar
Kalimantan: calambac; tengkaras
Peninsular Malaysia: gaharu; karas
Sabah: calambac; tengkaras
Sarawak: calambac; tengkaras
Sumatra: alim; halim; karek
|Plant Growth Habit||Tropical evergreen tree|
|Soil||Prefers heavy soils developed from gneiss and other metamorphic rocks, but it also grows well on sandy loams developed from sandstone|
|Plant Size||40 m high and spreads up to 12 m wide|
|Trunk||Pale, thin and smooth trunk|
|Branchlets||Slender, pale brown, pubescent, glabrescent.|
|Leaf||Simple, alternate; petiole 4-6 mm long; blade elliptical-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 7.5-12 cm × 2.5-5.5 cm, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, glabrous, sometimes pubescent and glabrescent beneath, shiny on both surfaces, base acute, attenuate or obtuse, apex acuminate, acumen up to 2 cm long; veins in 12-16 pairs, rather irregular, often branched, elevated and distinct beneath, curving upward to the margin, plane or obscure above.|
|Fruit||Loculicidal capsule, obovoid or obovoid-cylindrical, 3-4 cm × 2.5 cm, usually compressed, pubescent, glabrescent, base cuneate, apex rounded; pericarp woody.|
|Seed||Ovoid, 10 mm × 6 mm including a beak 4 mm long, densely red-haired, bearing from the base a twisted, tail-like, pubescent appendage as long as the seed.|
|Wood color||Creamy white to pale yellowish-brown or greyish-brown|
|Aroma||Characteristic balsamic and woody odour|
|Traditional Medicinal Uses||