Health benefits of Ativisha

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Ativisha Quick Facts
Name: Ativisha
Scientific Name: Aconitum heterophyllum
Origin Western Himalayas and it is found in Gurhwal, Kumaon and Kashmir
Shapes Seedpods are 16-18 mm, shortly hairy, erect
Taste Acrid, bitter, pungent
Health benefits Treats Diabetes and Leucorrhoea, Treats Mumps & Parotitis, Heals Constipation, Treats Piles, Prevents Vomiting, Great for detoxification, Treats Ingestion, Mal-absorption, Cough & Bronchitis, Common Cold & Flu, Treats Diarrhea, Fever Management
Aconitum heterophyllum commonly known as Ativisha, Indian Atis, Atis, and Atees is an herbaceous perennial plant belonging to Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). The plant is native to Western Himalayas and occurs in the alpine Himalayas of Sikkim, Nepal and adjoining parts of southern Tibet also from Kashmir to the Kumaun hills at altitudes of 2500-3900 meters. Popular common names of the plant are Himalayan monkshood, Monk’s hood, Indian atees, Ativisha and Aruna. Apart from that it is also known as Shuklakanda, Bhangura, Ghunavallabha, Ghunapriya, Kaashmira, Vira, Visha, and Shishubhaishajya in Ayurveda. The root and tuber of the plant are used in internal prescriptions for fevers, rheumatic conditions and for loss of vitality.

Plant Description

Ativisha is an herbaceous perennial plant that normally grows about 15 – 90 cm tall, occasionally reaching 200 cm tall. The plant is found growing in alpine to sub-alpine open slopes, common on grassy meadows, upper oak/coniferous forest, also glacial riverine, rocky moist areas, alpine dry scrub, open grass and shady moist alpine slopes. Sandy loam and slightly acidic soil, with pH about 6, has been found to be the best for the proper growth of the plant.

Ativisha Facts

Name Ativisha
Scientific Name Aconitum heterophyllum
Native Western Himalayas and it is found in Gurhwal, Kumaon and Kashmir
Common Names Himalayan monkshood, Monk’s hood, Indian atees
Name in Other Languages Arabic: Atis
Assamese: Aatich
Bengali: Ataich, Ataicha (আতাইচা)
Bhoti: Ais
Canarese:  Atibaje                                                    
Chinese: Yi Zi Hao
Cutch:  Ativista
English: Indian Atees, Greenish Himalayan Monkshood
Gujarati: Ativakhani kali, Ativish, Ativishani Kali (અતીવીષની કાલી)
Hindi: Ateesarand, Ateicha, Atis, Atvika, Atees, arand, ateicha, arand, mohra, padish, patis
Kannada: Ativisha, Atibage, Athihage, Athibaje (ಅತಿಬಜೆ), Athivishe (ಅತಿವಿಷೆ)
Konkani: Atibaje
Malayalam: Atividayam, Ativitayam, Ativitayam (അതിവിടയം), Atthiranam (ஆட்திரணம்)
Marathi: Ativish, Atvisha
Nepali: Atis, bikh
Oriya: Atushi (ଅଟୁଶି)
Persian: Vajjeturki, Bazziturki
Punjabi: Atis, Atisa, Atees
Sanskrit: Ativisha, Kashmeera, Shuklakanda, Bhangura, Vishva, Visha, Ghunapriya, Ghunavallabha, Peetavallabha, Shishubhaishajya, Shrungi, Shophahaa, Mahaushadham, shyamakanda, Ativishaa (अतिविषा), Bhanguraa (भङ्गुरा), Amrita (अमृता), Aruna (अरुणा), Ataicha, Atisaraghni, ativisa, bhringi, ghunaisa, kashmira, kasmira, madri, mahoshadha, mridvi, pankura, prativisa, prativisha, pravisha, shishubhaishyajja, shokapaha, shringi, shringika, shuklakanda, shveta, shvetakanda, shvetavacha, shyamkanda, sisubhaisajya, sitashringi, suklakanda, surala, upavishaaka, upvisha, vallabha, vira, virupa, visakhya, visha, visharupa, vishva
Siddha: Athividayam
Tamil: Athividayam (அதிவிடயம்), Atividayam, Atividyam, Ativisam, Mathiri, Pankurai, adivitaiyam, akuculapu, adhividayam, adivitaiyam, akuculapu, alakavetam, alecuveppam, alecuveppu, alecuvitaiyam, alecuvitayam, ariyan, ariyavitaiyam, ariyavitayam, arttiram, aruna, arunai, athividayam, athividyam, ati vitayam, ati-vadayam, ati-vidayam, aticaracuracamaraci, aticarakkini, ativacam, ativacampu, ativadayam, ativaka, atividyam, ativitai, ativitaiyam, ativitam, ativitayam, attakatitam, attam, attatam, attiranam, avirukam, cattivinacini, cinki, cirinki, cukkilakentam, cukkulakantam, kalacu, kalacuvetam, kalacuvitaiyam, kalakavetam, kalarcipatam, kalarcupatam, kalarcuvatam, kantacukkilam, kenta 1, kukkilam, kunakkacikam#, [email protected], kunapalam, kunapalan, kunattam, kunavallapai, kunetakam, kunettam, mantiri, matiri, matirivitaiyam, nattuativitaiyam, pankaram, pankurai, pankuram, upavitai, upavitam, vicu, vicuvacan, vicuvam, vicuvankatti, vicuvatikkam, visapaka, vitam, vitaru, vitayam, yankura
Telugu: Atis vasa, Ativasa (అతివస్స), athivaasa, atirasa, ativasu
Tibbi: Atees
Tibetan: Bon na, bon na dkar po, bon-na-dkar-po
Unani: Atees
Urdu: Atees, atis shirin, beesh
Plant Growth Habit Herbaceous perennial plant
Growing Climates Alpine to sub-alpine open slopes, common on grassy meadows, upper oak/coniferous forest, also glacial riverine, rocky moist areas, alpine dry scrub, open grass, shady moist alpine slopes
Soil Sandy loam and slightly acidic soil, with pH about 6, has been found to be the best
Plant Size Usually 15 – 90 cm tall, occasionally reaching 200 cm
Root Roots is conical or cylindrical, about 2 – 7.5 cm long (maximum) and 0.4 – 1.6 cm thick (maximum)
Stem Stem erect, leafy, 1-3ft., simple or rarely branched from the base, glabrous below and puberulous above
Leaf Ovate-heart-shaped to rounded, usually 5-10 cm in length, sharply toothed but largely heteromorphous, the upper clasping the stem. All leaves have large rounded teeth. Lowest leaves are deeply lobed and long-stalked.
Flowering season August to September
Flower Flowers are large, hooded, white–violet in colour and occur in slender racemes or  lax leafy panicles. Corolla is hairy. Carpels are five in number, containing 10–18 follicles.
Fruit Shape & Size Seedpods are 16-18 mm, shortly hairy, erect
Propagation Seeds, tuber segments or young leafy stems can be used
Flavor/Aroma  
Taste Acrid, bitter, pungent
Plant Parts Used Root, underground stems, seeds, rhizomes
Season September to October
Health Benefits
  • Treats Diabetes and Leucorrhoea
  • Treats Mumps & Parotitis
  • Heals Constipation
  • Treats Piles
  • Prevents Vomiting
  • Great for detoxification
  • Treats Ingestion
  • Mal-absorption
  • Cough & Bronchitis
  • Common Cold & Flu
  • Treats Diarrhea
  • Fever Management

Roots

The plant roots are tuberous and paired. The shape of the roots is conical or cylindrical, about 2 – 7.5 cm long (maximum) and 0.4 – 1.6 cm thick (maximum). When the plant starts tapering to end, the thickness is gradually reduced. The color of the roots is yellowish and greyish white externally. The scars of fallen rootlets and with a rosette of rudimentary leaves form a wrinkle marks in the external surface.  The roots are starchy and white with a surface pointed to the center with 4 – 7 yellowish to brown dots arranged concentrically, towards the end of fibro-vascular bundles. It is odorless, bitter and has no tingling sensation.

Stem

Stem erect, leafy, 1-3ft., simple or rarely branched from the base, glabrous below and puberulous above.

Leaves

Leaves are ovate-heart-shaped to rounded, usually 5-10 cm in length, sharply toothed but largely heteromorphous, the upper clasping the stem. All leaves have large rounded teeth. Lowest leaves are deeply lobed and long-stalked.

Flowers

The flowers are hooded, large, and white to violet colored. They are present in lax leafy panicles or slender racemes with very variable bracts which are either small linear, small ovate, or large ovate. It has hairy corolla. Carpels are five in number, containing 10–18 follicles. Flowering and fruiting occur from August to October in the third year of growth.

Fruit

Fertile flowers are followed by seedpods that are 16-18 mm long, shortly hairy and erect.

Health benefits of Ativisha

Listed below are some of the well-known health benefits of using Ativisha

1. Fever Management

Ativisha is used to manage the fever. It has antipyretic action, which helps to alleviate and prevent the fever. It is commonly used for managing the fever in infants and children in Ayurvedic pediatric medicine. It acts as diaphoretic and induces perspiration, which helps to lower the fever.

2. Treats Diarrhea

Ativisha has antidiarrheal action. It acts as an absorbent, which reduces the liquid content of the stool and binds the stool. Additionally, it decreases the frequency of the loose stools. For this, it is commonly used along with nutgrass and dried ginger powders. Pulverized Ativisha can be consumed three to four times a day with a minimum of two to three hours to treat fever.

3. Common Cold & Flu

Ativisha powder should be mixed in Basil Leaf Juice and honey. It can be given to children for treating common cold and infections of upper respiratory tract. This mixture gives relief from nasal blockage, running nose, fever, sneezing and nasal irritation. It also prevents secondary infections.

4. Cough & Bronchitis

Ativisha powder along with Pistacia Integerrima and honey helps to treat bronchitis and cough. It helps to clear the lungs, reduces inflammation and modulates the mucus secretions. The root bark powder of Ativisha can be given to patients particularly children to provide relief from cough, nasal blockage, running nose, sneezing, and nasal irritation.

5. Mal-absorption

Ativisha has stomachic, digestive, and metabolism enhancer actions, which encourages digestion and metabolism. Ativisha helps to digest food and promotes a proper assimilation of the foods, which helps to treat mal-absorption syndrome.

6. Treats Ingestion

Decoctions of Ativisha, dry ginger, Cyperus Rotundus, and Tinospora cordifolium can be eaten together to digest all the undigested food you had, and it gives you better relief. Sometimes the food we consumed would not digest because of low digestive fire that develops the Ama formations, which means the toxic and it leads to ingestion. Ativisha helps to digest the toxins with its digestion and appetizer properties.

7. Great for detoxification

Ativisha is an excellent herb for general detoxification of the body. Root powder can be given to children for clearing out worms in the body. It can also detoxify the blood and improves immunity.

8. Prevents Vomiting

According to Ayurveda, vomiting occurs when the three doshas are imbalanced, particularly Pitta and Kapha. The imbalance is caused by improper eating habits and eating excessive foods such as sour, cold diet, raw or uncooked food, heavy diet, pungent, sharp, and cause burning sensation.

These habits lead to toxic due to improper digestion formation in the body and cause indigestion. As Ativisha has digestive properties, it helps digest the foods that created Ama and caused vomiting and give you complete relief from the conditions. The balancing properties of Ativisha such as appetizer, digestion, and Tridoshas called Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are the reasons for this effect.

9. Treats Piles

Because of the inactive lifestyle we are living today, Piles become the most common issue developed due to chronic constipation. When Vata dosha becomes imbalanced in the body, constipation is created.

These conditions lead to Pile mass formation when ignored or untreated. Ativisha helps manage constipation, thus preventing piles formation.

10. Heals Constipation

Powder of Ativisha root, fruit rind of chebulic myrobalan, rhizome of the sweet flag, leadwort root, fruit of Piper longum, salt of sodium & potassium, and costus rhizome are mixed and consumed with warm water two times a day at 3 to 6 grams as dose.

11. Treats Mumps & Parotitis

Decoction extracted from an equal amount of roots of Ativisha, Ashwagandha, Musli, Guduchi (stem), and Atibala can be taken a day thrice as a dose of 14 – 28 ml for parotitis and mumps.

12. Treats Diabetes and Leucorrhoea

Half teaspoon of dried and powdered mixture of roots of Ativisha, leaves of Ajuga parviflora, and roots of Podophyllum hexandrum is given two times a day in early morning and night after food for three months as a carminative and to treat diabetes and leucorrhoea.

Ayurvedic Health benefits of Ativisha

  • Abdominal Diseases: Make a decoction of Aconitum Heterophyllum roots. Consume two teaspoons of this decoction before going to bed for two weeks. It cures Abdominal Problems.
  • Diarrhea: Finely powder equal quantity of dry Ginger, Beal fruits, Nutmeg and Ativisha together. Take 2 pinches of this powder with water thrice a day.
  • Indigestion: Take equal quantity of Sweet Flag, Asafetida, Ativisha, Ginger, Black Pepper and Long Pepper. Grind them to make powder. Take 2 g of it with lukewarm water once a day.
  • Fever: Take 100 g Caesalpinia Bonduc seeds with 15 g Ativisha seeds. Powder them. Take quarter teaspoon of the powder with same quantity of Sugar. Have it twice a day.

Traditional uses and benefits of Ativisha

  • Dried root is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiperiodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, cholagogue, febrifuge and tonic.
  • It is used in India in the treatment of dyspepsia, diarrhea and coughs.
  • It is also used in Tibetan medicine, where it is said to have a bitter taste and a cooling potency.
  • It is used to treat poisoning from scorpion or snake bites, the fevers of contagious diseases and inflammation of the intestines.
  • It is useful in treating coughs, diarrhea and indigestion.
  • It is a valuable drug for infants in dentition, fever and vomiting.
  • Traditionally it has been used as an antidote to poisoning.
  • Roots are astringent and used in diarrhea, especially in infants, and in dyspepsia, vomiting, cough, irritability of the stomach and colic.
  • It is used as a bitter tonic to combat debility after malaria and other fevers.
  • It is also used against hysteria, dyspepsia, vomiting, and cough.
  • Ativisha is used in Ayurveda for due to scorpion or snake bite.
  • It is widely used in treating chronic and recurrent fever.
  • It is used in treating bleeding disorders.
  • When administered to new mothers, it cleanses and detoxifies breast milk.
  • Ativisha is used in treating pediatric disorders.
  • It is also used to encounter acute poisoning.
  • The powder made from its root is used as anti-fertility agent.
  • It can also be used in treating loss of memory, piles, throat diseases and splenic fever.
  • It reduces obesity and it also improves diabetic and rheumatic conditions.
  • Seeds crushed in honey are applied locally on throat, in tonsillitis.
  • Nasal insufflations of roots are beneficial in headache.
  • Seed and root are used in ascites.
  • Seeds are diuretic; the root decoction reduces burning of urinary tract.
  • It increases volume of urine.

Dosage of Ativisha (Aconitum Heterophyllum)

Under 5 years Please consult with doctor
Grade-Schooler (5 – 12 years) 600 to 750 mg
Teenager (13 -19 years)                750 to 1000 mg
Adults (19 to 60 years)   1000 to 2000 mg
Geriatric (Above 60 years)           500 to 1000 mg
Pregnancy           250 to 500 mg
Lactation             250 to 500 mg
Maximum Dosage           6 g/day (in divided doses)

Consumption: Two times a day with honey after food

How to Use Ativisha

Ativisha Powder

  • Take 1 teaspoon of Ativisha Powder.
  • Add honey to it and take preferably in the morning.
  • Use this remedy once a day to get rid of indigestion.

Ativisha Extract

  • Take 1-2 pinches of Atis Extract.
  • Add honey to it and take preferably in the morning.
  • Use this remedy preferably for children to get relief from fever, loose motions, bloating etc.

Ativisha Kwath

  • Take 2-3 teaspoons of Ativisha Kwath.
  • Add an equal quantity of water and some honey to it.
  • Drink it twice a day after meals to get rid of digestive problems.

Ativisha Powder

  • Take ½ – 1 teaspoon of Ativisha Powder.
  • Add rose water to it.
  • Apply evenly to the affected area.
  • Let it sit for 8-10 minutes.
  • Wash thoroughly with tap water.
  • Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of boils and ulcers.

Ativisha Oil

  • Take 1-2 teaspoons of Ativisha oil.
  • Add sesame oil and gently massage it on the affected area.
  • Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of pain and inflammation of the joints.

Precautions

  • The whole plant is highly toxic, simple skin contact has caused numbness in some people.
  • It may cause toxic effect on human body.
  • It may cause dryness in the body.
  • Its heavy dose has a narcotic effect.
  • Aconitum heterophyllum has the ability to make the sympathetic nervous system more sensitive to physiological stimuli.
  • Like other Aconitum species for this, no purification process is mandatory.
  • Root can be purified by boiling in milk or cow urine before use.
  • Excess usage may cause dryness in mouth, tremors and chillness.
  • It may also cause nausea, vomiting, convulsions and dehydration.
  • The usage of this medicine during pregnancy is restricted.

References:
https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Aconitum+heterophyllum
http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2618818
https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/AAOHE
http://temperate.theferns.info/plant/Aconitum+heterophyllum
https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Greenish%20Himalayan%20Monkshood.html

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The content and the information in this website are for informational and educational purposes only, not as a medical manual. All readers are urged to consult with a physician before beginning or discontinuing use of any prescription drug or under taking any form of self-treatment. The information given here is designed to help you make informed decisions about your health. It is not intended as a substitute for any treatment that may have been prescribed by your doctor. If you are under treatment for any health problem, you should check with your doctor before trying any home remedies. If you are following any medication, take any herb, mineral, vitamin or other supplement only after consulting with your doctor. If you suspect that you have a medical problem, we urge you to seek competent medical help. The Health Benefits Times writers, publishers, authors, its representatives disclaim liability for any unfavorable effects causing directly or indirectly from articles and materials contained in this website www.healthbenefitstimes.com