Health benefits of Meadow Salsify

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Meadow salsify Quick Facts
Name: Meadow salsify
Scientific Name: Tragopogon pratensis
Origin Across Europe, Central Asia, Turkey and North America
Colors White at the base, but become dull brown toward their tips
Shapes Oblong seeds or achenes that have a long thread-like beak 1 to 1.5 inches long
Health benefits Support for heart diseases, respiratory system, stomach acidity, cancer, good for liver, loss of appetite, obstinate coughs, bronchitis, arthritis, arteriosclerosis, rheumatism, hypertension
Tragopogon pratensis commonly known as meadow salsify or showy goat’s-beard is an annual plant belonging to Asteraceae Bercht. & J. Presl (Aster family). The plant is native across Europe, Central Asia, Turkey and North America. It is found in North America from southern Ontario to Massachusetts; most of England; on the eastern and southern edges of Scotland; and central Ireland but not the coastal edges. It has been introduced to widespread areas of Canada, Haiti, and the United States. Some of the popular common names of the plants are Goat’s-beard, Johnny-go-to-bed-at-noon, Meadow salsify, Shepherd’s-clock, Yellow goat’s-beard, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy goatsbeard, Goatsbeard, Meadow goatsbeard, Goat’s beard, Johnny go to bed at noon, Shepherd’s clock, Meadow Salsafy, Noon Flower, Noonday Flower, Noon flower, Noontide and Star of Jerusalem.

Genus name Tragopogon is derived from two Greek words. Tragos means goat and pogon means beard. Beard refers to the fuzzy seed head that is produced after flowering. The species name pratensis means “of the meadows” and refers to its typical habitat. Meadow salsify opens its blossoms at daybreak and closes them before noon, except in cloudy weather, hence its old country name of ‘Noon-flower’ and ‘Jack-go-to-bed at-noon’.

Meadow Salsify Facts

Name Meadow salsify
Scientific Name Lupinus angustifolius
Native Across Europe, Central Asia, Turkey and North America
Common Names Goat’s-beard, Johnny-go-to-bed-at-noon, Meadow salsify, Shepherd’s-clock, Yellow goat’s-beard, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, Showy goatsbeard, Goatsbeard, Meadow goatsbeard, Goat’s beard, Johnny go to bed at noon, Shepherd’s clock, Meadow Salsafy, Noon Flower, Noonday Flower, Noon flower, Noontide, Star of Jerusalem
Name in Other Languages Afrikaans: Weide verkwik
Albanian: Salsifikoj livadh, Lulebrigje e livadhit, bar cjap i livadheve, lulbrigje livadhësh,
Amharic: Yemēda fida (የሜዳ ፍዳ)
Arabic: Maraj alsulasi (مرج السلاسي)
Armenian: Margagetnum salsify (մարգագետնում salsify), Sindz (Սինձ)
Azerbaijani: Salsify (çəmən), Çəmən yemliyi
Basque: Okotz-bedar
Belarusian: Kazlabarod luhavy (казлабарод лугавы)
Bengali: Ghāṭaghaṭita sālisipha (ঘাটঘটিত সালিসিফ)
Bulgarian: Polyana salifitsirana (поляна салифицирана), Polska kozya brada (Полска козя брада), livadna kozya brada (ливадна козя брада)
Burmese: Myaathkainn salsify (မြက်ခင်း salsify)
Catalan: Barba cabruna, barba de cabra, barba de frare, barbeta, escurçonera blanca, herba Barbuda, herba de cabra, inflabou,
Chinese: Cǎo diàn póluómén shēn (草甸婆罗门参), Po luo men shen (婆罗门参 ),  Cao de po luo men shen (草地婆罗门参)
Cornish: Barv an aver velyn
Croatian: Livada salsificirati, livadna kozja brada, Kozja brada
Czech: Louka kozí, kozí brada luční
Danish: Eng falde, Eng-gedeskæg, Gedeskæg, Gedeskæg coll
Dutch: Weide schorseneren, Oosterse morgenster en gele morgenster, Gele morgenster, Gele + Oosterse morgenster, Gele en Oosterse morgenster, Gele morgenster
English: Meadow salsify, Goat’s-Beard, Goatsbeard, Jack-Go-To-Bed-At-Noon, Johnny-Go-To-Bed-At-Noon, Shepherd’s-Clock, Yellow Goat’s-Beard, Meadow Goats, beard, showy goats, beard
Esperanto: Herbejo saliras          
Estonian: Heinamaa salsifitseerib, Harilik piimjuur
Filipino: Salsify ng meadow
Finnish: Niitty salsify, Pukinparta, Piennarpukinparta
French: Salsifis des prés                , Barbe de bouc, barbe de bouc des prés, barbouzet
Georgian: Mdelos salipsi (მდელოს სალიფსი)
German: Wiese Schwarzwurzel, Gewöhnlicher Wiesen-Bocksbart, Habermark, Wiesen-Bocksbart, Wiesen-Bocksbart, Habermarch, Wiesenbockskraut, Wiesenbocksbart
Greek: Livádi sáltsa (λιβάδι σάλτσα), Tragopogon o limonios (Tραγοπώγων ο λειμώνιος), tragopógonas (τραγοπώγονας)
Gujarati: Ghāsanā mēndō(ઘાસના મેંદો)
Hausa: Makiyaya karya 
Hebrew: אחו מרגיע
Hindi: Ghaas ka maidaan salsify
Hungarian: Rét salsify, közönséges bakszakáll, réti bakszakáll
Icelandic: Engi salsify     
Indonesian: Meadow salsify      
Irish: Salsify móinéir, finidí na muc
Italian: Salsefica di prato, Baciapreti, Barba di Becco commune, Barba di Becco pretense, Salsefica, Barbo de becco
Japanese: Bokusō-chi sarushifai (牧草地サルシファイ),  Baramongiku (バラモンギク),  Kibana mugina deshiko (キバナムギナデシコ),  Kibana no baramonjin (キバナノバラモンジン), Kibanazakibaramonjin (キバナザキバラモンジン)
Javanese: Meadow salsify          
Kannada: Hullugāvalu sālsiphai (ಹುಲ್ಲುಗಾವಲು ಸಾಲ್ಸಿಫೈ)
Kazakh: Salğındı bwlandıradı (шалғынды суландырады)
Korean: Chowon salsify (초원 salsify)
Kurdish: Meadow salsify             
Lao: Salsify thongja (Salsify ທົ່ງຫຍ້າ)
Latin: Inebriabo prati salsify
Latvian: Pļavas sakalst, Pļavas plostbārdis
Lithuanian: Pievos salsifikuoja, Pievinis pūtelis
Lombard: Barba de bech
Macedonian: Livada salsifitsira (ливада салсифицира)
Malagasy: Salira               
Malay: Meadow salsify
Malayalam: Pulmēṭ sālsiphai (പുൽമേട് സാൽസിഫൈ)
Maltese: Merad salsify
Marathi: Kuraṇa salsify (कुरण salsify)
Mongolian: Nugyn gürvel (нугын гүрвэл)           
Nepali: Ghaasako maidaan (घासको मैदान)
Northern Sami: Gáicanjávvi
Norwegian: Eng salsify, Geitskjegg
Occitan: Barbaboc, bochina, capulet, cochimbarba, herbo-bouch              , leytugôu
Oriya: ଘାସ ସାଲସିଫ୍ |
Pashto: د مرغیو سیلفی
Persian: چمن زنی
Polish: Salsefia łąkowa, Kozibród łąkowy
Portuguese: Prado salsify, cersefi-bastardo
Punjabi: Ghāha dā maidāna (ਘਾਹ ਦਾ ਮੈਦਾਨ)
Romanian: Pajiște sarmifie, tiță caprei   
Russian: Lugovoy sal sif (луговой сальсиф), kozloborodnik lugovoy (козлобородник луговой)
Serbian: Livada salsifitsirati (ливада салсифицирати), livadna kozja brada (ливадна козја брада), livadski kozobrad (ливадски козобрад)
Sindhi: گاهه جو نمونو
Sinhala: Taṇabim salsifayi (තණබිම් සල්සිෆයි)
Slovak: kozia brada lúčna, kozobrada lúčna, kozobrada lúčna
Slovenian: Travnik zasoljen, travniška kozja brada           
Spanish: Prado salsify, Barba cabruna, Barba de cabra, barba cabruna, barba cabruna de prados, barba de choto, barbaja, barbón, helecho hembra, lecherín, lechuga, lencherina, roseta calzada  , rosetón Amarillo, salsify, salsifí capuchino, yoca, barbajas, barbajo, barbon, carbon, lecherín, lecherina, lechuga, lencherín, lencherina, salsifí de prado, salsifí verdadero, salsify, yoca,      
Sundanese: Tegal salsify
Swedish: Ang salsify, Haverrot, Piennarpukinparta, Ängshaverrot,
Tajik: Marƣzorī salsify (марғзорӣ salsify)
Tamil: Pulveḷi calciḥpai (புல்வெளி சல்சிஃபை)
Telugu: Gaḍḍi maidānaṁ salsiphai (గడ్డి మైదానం సల్సిఫై)     
Thai: Thùng h̄ỵ̂ā salsify (ทุ่งหญ้า salsify)
Turkish: Cayır salsify, salsifin      
Ukrainian: Luh zasolyty (луг засолити), kozelʹtsi luchni (козельці лучні)
Urdu: گھاس کا
Uzbek: O’tloq salsifikatsiya qiladi
Vietnamese: Dồng cỏ salsify
Welsh: Salsify dôl, Barf y Bwch, Barf yr Afr, Barf yr Afr Eden Lleiaf, Barf yr Afr Felen
Zulu: Meadow salsify
Plant Growth Habit Annual to short lived herbaceous biennial or perennial plant
Growing Climates Weedy meadows, pastures, dunes, waysides, waste places, roadsides, disturbed sites, fields, mesic black soil prairies, woodlands, railroads, vacant lots, miscellaneous waste areas, road verges and field margins
Soil Performs best in full sun, sandy, loamy, or clay soils and tolerates strong winds. It is intolerant to shade
Plant Size Growing to 20–60 cm (9–24in) high, rarely 1m (39 in)
Root Straight, conical in shape, which extends into the soil up to 30 cm deep, its diameter is up to 4 cm. The rhizomes are fleshy and edible
Stem Each stem is simple, round, straight, hairless, and often somewhat enlarged at the base of each leaf. It has a powdery or waxy film. The cross-section of the stem is circular.
Leaf Basal leaves are grass-like, linear, up to 12 inches long, and stalk less. They are rounded and wide at the base, up to ¾ inches wide, then abruptly narrowed and tapered evenly to the tip. Stem leaves are alternate.
Flowering season June to July
Flower Each flower head is about 2 inches across when fully open, consisting of numerous yellow ray florets and about 8 green floral bracts that are lanceolate-linear in shape. The ray florets spread outward from the center of the flower head.
Fruit Shape & Size Each floret is replaced by an oblong seeds or achenes that have a long thread-like beak. They are 1 to 1.5 inches long and are attached to a fluffy tannish-white pappus with feathery bristles. These hairs are slightly plumose because they contain small hair-like branches.
Fruit Color White at the base, but become dull brown toward their tips
Propagation By Seed
Plant Parts Used Roots, young leaves and stems
Health benefits
  • Heart diseases
  • Respiratory system
  • Stomach acidity
  • Antioxidant, Cancer
  • Good for the liver
  • Purifying properties of meadow salsify
Season August to September

Plant Description

Meadow salsify is an annual to short lived herbaceous biennial or perennial plant that normally grows about 20–60 cm (9–24in) high and rarely 1m (39 in) from a perennial tap-root. The plant is found growing in weedy meadows, pastures, dunes, waysides, waste places, roadsides, disturbed sites, fields, mesic black soil prairies, woodlands, railroads, vacant lots, miscellaneous waste areas, road verges and field margins. The plant performs best in full sun, sandy, loamy, or clay soils and tolerates strong winds. It is intolerant to shade. Root is straight, conical in shape, which extends into the soil up to 30 cm deep; its diameter is up to 4 cm. The rhizomes are fleshy and edible. The root and buds are edible, and it has milky latex.

Stem

The stems are erect and usually branched near the top. They are often covered with a whitish, waxy bloom (glaucous). They usually have patches of white, woolly or cobwebby hairs when young and are hairless or almost hairless at maturity. The stems and leaves exude a milky sap when broken.

Leaves

Basal leaves are grass-like, linear, up to 12 inches long, and stalk less. They are rounded and wide at the base, up to ¾ inches wide, then abruptly narrowed and tapered evenly to the tip. They are occasionally strongly curved backward, often coiled, toward the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are usually glaucous. They are hairy with woolly or cobwebby hairs when young, and hairless or almost hairless at maturity. The margins are untoothed. Basal leaves are sometimes withered by flowering time.

Stem leaves are alternate. They surround the stem (clasp) at the base and are otherwise similar to basal leaves. They become progressively smaller as they ascend the stem.

Flower

Each flower head is about 2 inches across when fully open, consisting of numerous yellow ray florets and about 8 green floral bracts that are lanceolate-linear in shape. The ray florets spread outward from the center of the flower head. The outer florets are noticeably longer than the inner florets. Each floret has a truncated tip with 5 small teeth. At its base, there is a columnar reproductive structure consisting of a yellow divided style and black anthers that are appressed together around the middle of the style. The floral bracts extend to about the outer margin of the flower head; sometimes, they are a little shorter or longer than the width of the flower head. The flower heads open up during the morning and close again by the afternoon. The blooming period occurs from late spring to mid-summer and lasts about 1–1½ months.

Fruit

Each floret is replaced by an oblong seeds or achenes that have a long thread-like beak. They are 1 to 1.5 inches long and are attached to a fluffy tannish-white pappus with feathery bristles. These hairs are slightly plumose because they contain small hair-like branches. They are usually white at the base, but become dull brown toward their tips. Collectively, these achenes with their tufts of hair form a large spheroid ball that spans about 3–3½ inches across. Distribution of the achene is provided by the wind, and the plant reseeds itself.

Health benefits of Meadow salsify

Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of Meadow salsify

1. Heart diseases

Tender shoots of the plant, in addition to being rich in gallic acid, contain rutin, a flavonoid that improves circulation and prevents capillary fragility, being indicated against hypertension and heart diseases. Research has concluded that the presence of certain doses of resveratrol, the same cardio-protective component found in grapes.

2. Respiratory system

Meadow salsify (roots and shoots of the plant) is very rich in Gallic acid, which has astringent and anti-bronchial properties. Syrup made from the root has been reported to be of great relief in cases of cough and bronchitis.

3.  Stomach acidity

As previously mentioned it is rich in Gallic acid, with astringent properties, it protects the stomach from acid damage.

4. Diabetes

Due to its inulin content, the root is suggested for diabetics. It is a type of fiber that regulates the absorption of sugars in the diet and at the same time helps to lower cholesterol levels in the blood. It is made up of fructose units, which do not increase blood sugar levels. It also improves intestinal health by acting as a prebiotic, helping to protect against certain types of cancer such as colon cancer.

5. Antioxidant

The intense green color of the plant, and the yellow of the petals, indicate a great wealth in beta-carotene and antioxidant flavonoids, which help improve the health of the body in general. It also provides caffeic, synapic and ferulic acid, antioxidants that protect from the harmful effect of nitrosamines, carcinogenic compounds that are formed in the body from tobacco smoke, some foods (like powdered milk), or food additives with nitrites.

6. Cancer

Meadow salsify is a source of phenolic compounds capable of protecting against some diseases such as cancer. One of its components is gallic acid, which promotes apoptosis or natural cell death, preventing the survival of tumor cells. Scientific studies have investigated this component against lung cancer and stomach cancer.

7. Good for the liver

Young shoots are considered a very healthy food for the liver. It consists of bitter principles that increase digestive secretions, resulting in an increase in appetite and improved digestion. All this indicates this plant in cases of loss of appetite (anorexia), lack of appetite, heavy or slow digestion, or a feeling of swollen belly after meals.

8. Purifying properties of meadow salsify

Due to its fiber content, it prevents constipation. It is a purifying spring vegetable because of its fiber content and cholagogue and choleretic properties, which encourage the production and release of bile from the body, helping to reduce cholesterol.

Traditional uses and benefits of Meadow Salsify

  • Goat’s beard is considered to be a useful remedy for the liver and gallbladder.
  • It appears to have a detoxifying effect and may stimulate the appetite and digestion.
  • Its high inulin content makes this herb a useful food for diabetics.
  • The root is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, nutritive and stomachic.
  • Syrup made from the root gives great relief in cases of obstinate coughs and bronchitis.
  • Decoction of the root is given in the treatment of heartburn, loss of appetite and disorders of the breast or liver.
  • The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use.
  • Fresh juice of young plants is said to be a good dissolver of bile, relieving the stomach without side effects.
  • Plant extract has diuretic, purgative, astringent and expectorant properties and it is recommended for the treatment of arthritis, arteriosclerosis, rheumatism, hypertension and various skin problems.
  • It is administered to stimulate gallbladder function, the appetite and the digestion.
  • Root has astringent, diuretic and expectorant properties and it is used in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of persistent cough, bronchitis, heartburn and various liver disorders.
  • Meadow Salsify is a good remedy for the liver and gall bladder – it has a detoxifying effect and may stimulate the appetite and digestion.
  • Root has the ability to contracts tissue, purifies and cleanses the blood, induces urination, induces the removal (coughing up) of mucous secretions from the lungs, increases weight and gives strength and tone to the stomach.
  • Syrup made from the root gives great relief in cases of obstinate coughs and bronchitis.
  • Root is best harvested in the fall and dried for later use.

Culinary uses

  • Root can be consumed raw or cooked.
  • Roots have a sweet flavor due to their inulin content.
  • Young roots can be eaten raw whilst older roots are best cooked like parsnips or salsify.
  • They are often blanched before use.
  • Young leaves and shoots can be consumed raw or cooked.
  • They can be added to mixed salads or used in soups etc.
  • Leaves are best used as they come into growth in the spring.
  • Flowering stem, including the buds, is cooked and served like asparagus.
  • Roots can be boiled and eaten like potatoes.
  • Young shoots can also be used in diabetic salads.
  • In Armenia, rural kids make bubble gum from the juice of meadow salsify.
  • For this purpose, when milky juice is released from the torn stems it is collected on the walls of a glass and dried.
  • Leaves are also edible and can be used as a green in salads, much like lettuce or spinach.
  • Flowers and flowering shoots also have a similar taste to the leaves and can be used as a green or in salads.
  • Whole flower is edible and there is no need to remove the bitter green part.
  • Roots are somewhat sweet – young roots can be eaten raw and older roots should be cooked.
  • Roots can be boiled and buttered, shredded and fried or sliced and baked.
  • Stalks (with the buds, before they bloom) can be cooked like asparagus.
  • Leaves can be sautéed lightly and added to soups, omelets and stir fries – or used fresh in salads.
  • Long taproots can be dug up, ground, roasted and used as a coffee substitute.
  • Young leaves and shoots may be served raw in salads or cooked in soups.
  • The leaves taste best in the spring.

Precautions

  • Use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist.
  • Substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity.
  • They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
  • Never eat meadow salsify roots, flowers or flowering shoots raw
  • Soak the root in water for fifteen minutes if not peeled prior to cooking.
  • Soaking is not recommended for roasted meadow salsify roots
  • Never eat the skin of the root if it is extremely tough
  • Be sure to boil the root before eating it for at least ten minutes to remove the saponins.
  • Never eat meadow salsify roots, flowers, or flowering shoots if you are pregnant or nursing.

References:

https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=38569#null

https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/g/goabea23.html

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Tragopogon+pratensis

https://gd.eppo.int/taxon/TROPR

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/gcc-36930

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragopogon_pratensis

https://plants.usda.gov/home/classification/41545

https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1345772

https://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/weeds/plants/yl_goatbeard.htm

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The content and the information in this website are for informational and educational purposes only, not as a medical manual. All readers are urged to consult with a physician before beginning or discontinuing use of any prescription drug or under taking any form of self-treatment. The information given here is designed to help you make informed decisions about your health. It is not intended as a substitute for any treatment that may have been prescribed by your doctor. If you are under treatment for any health problem, you should check with your doctor before trying any home remedies. If you are following any medication, take any herb, mineral, vitamin or other supplement only after consulting with your doctor. If you suspect that you have a medical problem, we urge you to seek competent medical help. The Health Benefits Times writers, publishers, authors, its representatives disclaim liability for any unfavorable effects causing directly or indirectly from articles and materials contained in this website www.healthbenefitstimes.com