|Pale poppy Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Papaver argemone|
|Origin||Temperate regions of North Africa, Europe and Western Asia including Macaronesia, Canary Islands, Algeria, Egypt and Morocco|
|Shapes||Oblong-obovoid to club-shaped seed capsules about 1.5-2 cm long|
Pale Poppy Facts
|Scientific Name||Papaver argemone|
|Native||Central and Western Europe, Mediterranean, Ukraine, Southern Scandinavia. It can also be found growing wild in parts of North America, where it is an introduced species|
|Common Names||Long prickly-headed poppy, Pale poppy, Prickly poppy, Sand poppy, Long-Headed Bristly Poppy, Pale rough fruit poppy, Pinnate poppy|
|Name in Other Languages||Albanian: Sygjarpëri
Arabic: خشخاش أرجموني
Belarusian: Mak argemona (Мак аргемона)
Catalan: Rosella de flor petita
Croatian: Pješčarski mak
Czech: Mák polní
Danish: Kølle-Valmue, Køllevalmue
Dutch: Ruige klaproos, Stekelpapaver
Finnish: Hietaunikko, Hietonikko
English: Long prickly-headed poppy, Pale poppy, Prickly poppy, Sand poppy, Long-Headed Bristly Poppy, Pale rough fruit poppy, Pinnate poppy
French : Pavot argémone, Pavot-coq, Pavot rude, Coquelicot argémone, poinceau
German : Sandmohn, Sand-Mohn
Greek: Trichotí paparoúna (τριχωτή παπαρούνα)
Hebrew: Parag mo’orach, פָּרָג מָאֳרָךְ
Ingush: Aling argemone (Алинг аргемона)
Italian: Papavero selvatico, Papavero spinoso, argemona, papavero argemone, papavero peloso, papavero smilzo
Kazakh: Apïın köknäri (Апиын көкнәрі)
Latvian: Sarainā magone
Lithuanian: Smiltyninė aguona
Lower Sorbian: Pěskowy mak
Norwegian: Klubbevalmue, Klubbevallmue
Persian: خشخاش بیابانی
Polish : Mak piaskowy
Quechua: K’ita p’akincha
Russian: Mak argemona (Мак аргемона), mak argemone (мак аргемоне), mak argemonovyy (мак аргемоновый), mak kolyuchyy (мак колючий), mak polevoy (мак полевой)
Slovak: Mak poľný
Slovene: Peščeni mak
Spanish: Amapola espinosa, Amapola macho, Rosella de flor petit, Amapola, amapola de flor pequeña,
Swedish: Spikvallmoe, Spikvallmo, Hietaunikko
Turkish: Kum haşhaşı
Ukrainian: mak piskovyy (мак пісковий), mak polʹovyy (мак польовий)
Upper Sorbian: Mały mak
Welsh: Drewg Hirben Gwrychog, Pabi Bychan, Pabi Gwrychog, Pabi Hirben Gwrychog, Pabi Penwrychog
|Plant Growth Habit||An annual or biennial herb|
|Growing Climates||Fields and disturbed soils (including ploughed), mesic to dry waste places|
|Soil||Prefers a well-drained sandy loam in a sunny position. Does not do well on wet clay soils but succeeds in most other soils. Plants usually self-sow freely when growing in suitable conditions so long as the soil surface is disturbed|
|Plant Size||10–50 cm tall|
|Stem||Stems ascending to erect, simple or more usually branched, stiff-hairy|
|Leaf||Basal leaves are numerous, oblanceolate, divided into 2-3 pairs of primary lateral lobes which are again divided, long-stalked, stiff-hairy, 8-15 cm long. Stem leaves are similar, not much reduced above.|
|Flowering season||May and July|
|Flower||The flowers have four slightly overlapping red petals, each with a dark base. They can measure 2–5.5 cm (0.79–2.17 in) across, with pale blue anthers and 4-6 stigmas|
|Fruit Shape & Size||Oblong-obovoid to club-shaped seed capsules about 1.5-2 cm long|
|Season||oblong-obovoid to club-shaped seed capsules about 1.5-2 cm long|
Pale poppy is an annual or biennial herb that normally grows about 10–50 cm tall. The plant is found growing in fields and disturbed soils (including ploughed), mesic to dry waste places. The plant prefers a well-drained sandy loam in a sunny position. It does not do well on wet clay soils but succeeds in most other soils. Plants usually self-sow freely when growing in suitable conditions so long as the soil surface is disturbed. Its 15–50 cm (5.9–19.7 in) long, branching stems are ascending to erect, simple or more usually branched and are coated in stiff prickly hairs.
Basal leaves are numerous, oblanceolate, divided into 2-3 pairs of primary lateral lobes which are again divided, long-stalked, stiff-hairy, 8-15 cm long. Stem leaves are similar, not much reduced above.
Inflorescence of solitary, terminal, erect flowers and buds nodding. Flower stalks are stiff-hairy. The flowers have four slightly overlapping red petals, each with a dark base. They can measure 2–5.5 cm (0.79–2.17 in) across, with pale blue anthers and 4-6 stigmas. Flowering normally takes place in spring to summer, between May and July.
Fertile flowers are followed by oblong-obovoid to club-shaped seed capsules about 1.5-2 cm long. They are prominently ribbed, covered with stiff bristles.
Traditional uses and benefits of Pale Poppy
- An infusion or syrup made from the petals is used as a sudorific.
- In the past, the pale poppy was used in herbal medicines.
- The petal of the poppy was once used in folklore, as a test of faithfulness.
- A petal was placed in the palm of the loved ones hand and if when stuck with a fist and produced a snapping sound, the loved one was true.
- This plant is toxic to mammals, though the toxicity is low.
- The seed is not toxic.