|White Sapote Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Casimiroa edulis|
|Origin||Eastern Mexico and Central America south to Costa Rica|
|Colors||Green to golden yellow when ripe|
|Shapes||Round, oval or ovoid drupe 5–10 cm in diameter|
|Flesh colors||Creamy-white in green-skin varieties or a beige-yellow in yellow-skin varieties|
|Taste||Range in flavor from bland to banana-like to peach to pear to vanilla flan|
|Health benefits||healthier skin, Works as an energizer, reduce premenstrual symptoms, anti-inflammatory, Oxygenates the brain, Improves the immune system, Optimize cardiovascular health, Improves digestion, Cure diarrhea, Prevent anemia, For bone and teeth health, Prevent cough, Promotes weight loss, Maintain eye health|
White Sapote Facts
|Scientific Name||Casimiroa edulis|
|Native||Eastern Mexico and Central America south to Costa Rica. It is distributed throughout tropical highland and subtropical areas of Latin America, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean region, India, Southeast Asia, New Zealand, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand|
|Common Names||Casimiroa, White sapote, Matasano, Mexican apple, Zapote|
|Name in Other Languages||Arabic: Sabuta bayda (سابوتا بيضاء)
Chinese: Xiang rou guo (香肉果)
Dutch: Witte zapote
English: Casimiroa, Mexican apple, White sapote
French: Pomme mexicaine, Sapote blanche, sapotier blanc
German: Cochilsapote, Weiße Sapote, Sapotebaum, Weisser, weißer Sapotebaum
Japanese: Howaitosapote (ホワイトサポテ)
Malayalam: Veḷḷa sappēāṭṭa (വെള്ള സപ്പോട്ട)
Persian: سیب مکزیکی
Polish: Kazimira jadalna
Portuguese: Sapoti, Sapota-branca, sapote-branco
Russian: Belaya sapota (Белая сапота)
Spanish: Cacchique, Chapote, Cochitzápotl, Matasaño, Pera mexicana, Zapote blanco, Zapote dormilón, matazano, sapote blanco
Swedish: Vit sapote, Swedishvit sapote
Thai: Lamud k̄hāw (ละมุดขาว)
Turkish: Beyaz sapot
Ukrainian: Kazymyroa yistivna (Казимироа їстівна)
|Plant Growth Habit||Medium to very large evergreen tree|
|Growing Climates||Subtropical deciduous woodlands, low forests, dryish highland forests|
|Soil||Well-adapted to most well-drained soils from sands, to clays, to limestone-based soils|
|Plant Size||Up to 30 to 60 ft (9-18 m) in height|
|Root||Shallow and aggressive root system|
|Bark||Bright green when young, ash-grey on mature branches|
|Branches||Somewhat brittle and young trees should be protected from wind. Older branches become stronger but should not be climbed. The trunk and branches are prone to sunscald if not shaded by leaves|
|Leaf||Glossy, bright green, alternately, palmately compound, hand-shaped leaves with three to five leaflets. The leaflets are 6–13 cm long and 2.5–5 cm broad with an entire margin, and the leaf petiole 10–15 cm long|
|Flowering season||January- February|
|Flower||Small, inconspicuous and greenish-yellow, 4- or 5-parted, and born in terminal and axillary panicles. They are 3/8 inch (1 cm) in diameter with 5 sepals, petals, and stamens|
|Fruit Shape & Size||Green to golden yellow when ripe|
|Fruit Color||Round, oval or ovoid drupe 5–10 cm in diameter|
|Flesh Color||Green to golden yellow when ripe|
|Fruit Skin||Thin, green to golden in color, covered with fine hairs. The skin is soft but otherwise inedible|
|Flesh||Pulp can be creamy-white in green-skin varieties or a beige-yellow in yellow-skin varieties and has a smooth texture similar to ripe avocado|
|Seed||Oblong to elliptic shaped, between 1 and 6 hard white seeds, about 2.5-5 cm long and 1.25-2.5 cm thick|
|Propagation||By seed or vegetatively|
|Taste||Range in flavor from bland to banana-like to peach to pear to vanilla flan|
|Plant Parts Used||Leaves, bark|
White Sapote is a medium to very large evergreen tree with upright to spreading growth habit, often drooping branches and a broad leafy crown. The plant can grow up to 30 to 60 ft. (9-18 m) in height. The plant is found growing in subtropical deciduous woodlands, low forests and dryish highland forests. The plant is well-adapted to most well-drained soils from sands, to clays, to limestone-based soils. It is deciduous under drought and other stress. The tree casts a dense shade. Growth is rapid, in flushes. It is densely branching, drooping at maturity. Young trees tend toward a single, limber stem for first 2 years often requiring staking. White sapotes have a shallow and aggressive root system and other fibrous roots that are wandering and greedy like citrus.
Branches are somewhat brittle and young trees should be protected from wind. Older branches become stronger but should not be climbed. The trunk and branches are prone to sunscald if not shaded by leaves. Bark is bright green when young and ash-grey on mature branches.
White sapote has glossy, bright green, alternately, palmately compound, hand-shaped leaves with three to five leaflets. The leaflets are 6–13 cm long and 2.5–5 cm broad with an entire margin, and the leaf petiole 10–15 cm long. New growth is usually reddish, becoming dark green with age, pale green beneath. Stress such as either prolonged cold or abnormal heat, will cause defoliation and a subsequent new growth flush. Leaves will burn in hot winds, which may also scar the fruit or cause it to drop.
The odorless flowers are small, inconspicuous and greenish-yellow, 4- or 5-parted, and born in terminal and axillary panicles. They are 3/8 inch (1 cm) in diameter with 5 sepals, petals, and stamens. The flower of the white sapote is usually hidden in the foliage of the tree. They are hermaphrodite and occasionally unisexual because of aborted stigmas. They follow growth flush and often rebloom again several months later. The flowers are attractive to bees, hoverflies and ants. The pollination tendencies or requirements of various cultivars have not yet been fully determined. Flowering normally takes place in between January and February.
Fertile flowers are followed by round, oval or ovoid drupe 5–10 cm in diameter, with a thin, inedible and bitter skin turning from green to golden yellow when ripe, and an edible pulp, which can range in flavor from bland to banana-like to peach to pear to vanilla flan. The pulp can be creamy-white in green-skin varieties or a beige-yellow in yellow-skin varieties and has a smooth texture similar to ripe avocado. The fruits consist of 5-7 short lived seeds that resemble a greatly enlarged orange seeds that are said to have narcotic properties. They range in size from 1 – 2 inches in length. The fruits also usually contain several aborted, thin, papery seeds. White sapotes bear within 10 years from seed, or 2 – 8 years from graft. White sapote fruit ripens six to nine months from bloom. Some cultivars are alternate bearing. Fruits are excellent when eaten ripe. Unripe fruits have a bitter taste, and flesh very near the skin can sometimes have a bitter taste. Usually the flesh is scooped out with a spoon and eaten raw.
There are a numerous white sapote varieties, and a number of varieties are available in the U.S. and Florida. Commonly available varieties include ‘Reinikie’, ‘Dade’, ‘Pike’, ‘Suebelle’, ‘Smathers’, ‘Homestead’, and ‘Golden’. Listed below are some of the popular varieties
It was one of the first named varieties in California. Fruit is oblate, somewhat lobed, furrowed at apex; to 3 in (7.5 cm) wide. Skin is yellow-green; flesh of good flavor (22% sugar) but resinous; seeds small. Fruit ripens from late fall to summer. Tree somewhat dwarf and leaflets are small and tend to twist. The plant is difficult to propagate.
It is grown at the Agricultural Research and Education Center, Homestead, Florida from a seed of a selected fruit of a local seedling tree. It was planted in 1935 and fruited in 1939. It is round with skin golden-yellow tinged with green. There are 4 to 5 seeds. The fruit ripens in June-July. The tree is low-growing and spreading, with smooth leaflets.
It is originated in California. Fruit is round, 3 in (7.5 cm) wide. Skin is light-green with russet cheek, fairly tough and rough. Flesh is white, of very good flavor. Tree is prolific bearer.
Golden or Max Golden
It is woolly-leaved; fruit is conical, depressed at apex up to 4 1/2 in (11.25 cm) wide. Skin is yellow-green, fairly tough. Flesh has strong flavor, somewhat bitter and few seeds.
It is originated in California and is round shaped and 3 1/2 in (9 cm) wide. Skin is smooth, yellow-green with bright orange cheek. Flesh is cream-colored to pale-yellow; not of the best flavor. Tree is a prolific bearer.
It is named for the parent, an old tree on property owned by the Maechtlen family in Covina, California. The plant is propagated by budding and sold by nurserymen in the 1940’s.
Maltby or Nancy Maltby
It is originated in California and is round, faintly furrowed, blunt-pointed at apex, base slightly tapered; large; skin yellow-green, smooth, of good flavor but slightly bitter. Tree bears well.
It is originated in California and is oval shaped, 2 1/2 in (6.25 cm) wide, 3 in (7.5 cm) long. Skin is yellow-green, smooth and thin. Flesh is ivory of very good flavor. It is a fairly prolific bearer.
It is originated in California and is rounded or oblate, slightly 5-lobed; to 4 in (10 cm) wide. Skin is green, very fragile; flesh white to yellowish, of rich, non-bitter, flavor. The tree bears regularly and heavily in California and South Africa.
‘Suebelle’ or ‘Hubbell
It is originated in California and is round and medium to small. Skin is green or yellowish-green; of excellent flavor (22% sugar). Tree is precocious and blooms and fruits all year. It is widely planted in California.
It is originated in California; round to oblate; medium to large; skin smooth, medium thick; flesh of high quality and excellent flavor. Fruit ripens in fall and winter or more or less all year. Tree bears heavily and has been rather widely planted in California.
It is originated in California; oval with pointed apex, furrowed. Skin is bright-yellow and fairly tough; flesh is firm. Fruit keeps well. Tree bears regularly and heavily in California.
Varieties in Florida
|Variety||Origin||Fruit weight (oz./grams)||Peel color||Pulp color||Comments|
|Golden (Max Golden)
|strong flavor, some bitterness|
|Good flavor, non-bitter flavor|
|Reinekie (Reineke Commerical)
Health benefits of White Sapote
Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of White Sapote Fruits
1. Maintain eye health
As we all know that deficiency of vitamin A is the main cause of eye problems and poor eye sight. To solve this, white sapote fruits offer sufficient amount of vitamin A contents that helps in maintaining our eye health and improve eye sight.
2. Promotes weight loss
White sapote has a high contribution of fiber not only soluble, but also insoluble. The first of them creates a feeling of satiety by consuming fewer calories, while the second helps to decrease the speed with which the stomach expels digested food.
3. Prevent cough
White sapote fruit consists of essential sapodilla that helps in making mucus and sputum in the respiratory cavity. This component helps you to prevent and curing coughs. All you have to do is cut the fruit, remove the seeds and the outer covering and eat the soft flesh of white sapote.
4. For bone and teeth health
To treat bone and teeth problems use the natural white sapote fruit. Sapote fruit is rich in essential elements such as calcium and phosphorous which helps in maintaining bone and teeth health. Young and toddler kids will require a lot of these fruits to maintain the health of their teeth and bone growth.
5. Prevent anemia
Sapote fruits are rich in iron and folic acid that relieves a person from anemic conditions and its effects. The available is an important component of hemoglobin which is the substance that carries oxygen from your lungs to transport it throughout the body. Therefore iron helps your body in making enough oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the process preventing anemia.
6. Curing diarrhea
Diarrhea can occur anytime and anywhere. When we eat less clean or hot food can cause diarrhea. One of way to cure it is consuming Sapote fruit. Just take Sapote fruit, then peel it and consume it. Your diarrhea will gradually recover.
7. Improves digestion
White sapote is suitable to optimize the digestive processes carried out by the body, since when consumed raw it is a great source that provides dietary fiber.
8. Optimize cardiovascular health
Due to its soluble fiber content, the consumption of white fruit helps control cholesterol levels, thus decreasing the risk of developing cardiovascular disorders.
9. Improves the immune system
As it has a high content of vitamin C, the consumption of this fruit helps fight and eliminate free radicals and, on certain occasions, triggers the immune response, which is actually the result of inflammation in the affected area.
10. Oxygenates the brain
Several research indicate that the contribution of vitamin B3 offered by the white sapote helps to prevent the development of Alzheimer’s, as well as some other age-related brain disorders, which cause cognitive deterioration.
11. Acts as an anti-inflammatory
White Sapote has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, which allows combating numerous discomfort conditions, such as: reflux-esophagitis, erosive gastritis, irritating bowel disorders and enteritis, etc.
12. Helps reduce premenstrual symptoms
White sapote fruit is very good for reducing pain and even the level of blood lost during the menstrual cycle, as it helps to naturally balance hormones, regulating the cycle.
13. Works as an energizer
Ingestion of White sapote fruit offers a significant contribution of energy, which is very appropriate for the body. It should be mentioned that by consuming only one serving (about 100g) of white sapote, it is likely to get around 80 calories, since it has a high amount of carbohydrates.
14. Helps to have healthier skin
Due to its high iron content, consuming this fruit allows to offer the skin a much healthier and more radiant appearance in a natural way. Similarly it has high contents of vitamin E that serves to revitalize the skin and make it fresh. It also helps in making skin wrinkles disappear.
Traditional uses and benefits of White Sapote
- Different plant parts are used as sedative or as treatment for diabetes, arthritis, rheumatism, and putrid sores.
- They have been used as sedatives, soporifics and tranquilizers.
- Leaf decoction is taken as a treatment for diabetes in Costa Rica.
- Eating the fruit produces drowsiness and it is extensively claimed in Mexico and Central America that consumption of the fruit relieves the pains of arthritis and rheumatism.
- Fruit is also supposedly vermifugal.
- Crushed and roasted seeds are effective in healing putrid sores.
- Several recent in vitro studies have shown that zapotin – found in the seeds have potential anti-carcinogenic effects against isolated colon cancer cells.
- Bark, leaves and seed consists of casimirosine, a glucoside, which is used to lower blood pressure and in larger amounts as a sedative and also to soothe rheumatic pains.
- Consuming the fruit can also prevent cough, as well as treat it.
- Decoction of the leaves and seeds is taken as tea to treat hypertension, anxiety, insomnia, and cramps.
- Leaves have an anti-inflammatory action and are used to make a tea against diarrhea.
- Externally, the leaves are applied to contusions and wounds, due to their anti-inflammatory activity.
- Decoction made with the leafy stems of the plant is used as a genital wash for women who have just birthed a baby.
- External application of the powder obtained from the ground seeds is used to treat skin ulcers and infections.
- Tea made from the seeds is taken for insomnia, but only in moderation, due to its potential toxicity.
- Leaves are applied externally as a poultice on the abdominal region for gall bladder problems.
- Fruit can be consumed raw or cooked.
- Eating the fruit has long been known to produce drowsiness.
- Some reports say that the seed is toxic if eaten raw, whilst others say that it can be roasted and eaten like nuts.
- White sapotes are best eaten uncooked.
- Cooking makes them limp and less flavorful.
- Sapotes can be eaten alone or combined with other fresh fruits in salads for added interest.
- Puree peeled, seeded sapote and mix with orange juice or milk and a few drops of vanilla to make a refreshing drink.
- They can be frozen whole, or the pulp can be sliced, chopped or blended before freezing, and can be used like ice cream when desired.
- Delicious milk shake can be made by blending fresh soft or frozen pulp with enough cold milk to give a thick milk shake.
- Pulp can be used as a flavoring for dairy products such as milkshakes and ice-cream.
Store White Sapote
White sapote is comparatively perishable, which means that you need to be careful with it once you get it home. If you bought it unripe, you can still leave it a couple of days more on the counter to ripen. Check if it’s ripe by pressing your thumb on its flesh – if it yields, it means it’s ripe and ready to be eaten.
Leave it unwashed and store it in the refrigerator for an additional 3 to 5 days. If you’ve already cut it, it’s important to know that it will quickly lose its freshness and will turn brown. It’s best if you wrap it in cling foil and store it in the refrigerator.
However it’s important to remember that white sapote does not freeze or can well, so it’s best that you don’t attempt this at all. Simply eat it as soon as you can and enjoy it in all its freshness.
- Seed is said to be fatally toxic if eaten raw by humans or animals.
- Extractions from the kernels are attractive and lethal bait for American cockroaches, having the advantage of killing on the spot rather than at some distance after ingestion of the poison.
- Wood is yellow, fine-grained, compact, moderately dense and heavy, medium strong and resistant, but not durable for long.
- It is occasionally used in carpentry and for domestic furniture.
- Trees can flower and produce fruit at more than one time of the year.
- Mature tree can produce more than 100 kilos of fruit a year.
- In home gardens the tree is also valued as an ornamental.
- Seed is said to be fatally toxic if eaten raw by humans or animals.
- Seed is poisonous if ingested.
- Fruits may cause drowsiness.
- Fruit is nutritious and edible, but should be consumed in moderation.
- Seeds can be toxic, avoid ingesting them in any quantity.
- Avoid ingesting preparations made from the leaves, bark or seeds during pregnancy and lactation.
- People who are currently taking anti-hypertensive or anticoagulant (blood thinners) medications should first consult with a healthcare provider before taking any products made from this plant.