Bamboo shoot – Phyllostachys



Bamboo shoot Quick Facts
Name: Bamboo shoot
Scientific Name: Phyllostachys
Origin Asia and naturalized to Europe, Australia, Asia, and America.
Colors Yellow with brown markings
Shapes Cone-shaped; Diameter: 2¾ inches (6.5 cm); Length: 4-6 inches (10-15 cm)
Taste Bitter acidic
Calories 14 Kcal./cup
Major nutrients Potassium (13.62%)
Copper (10.89%)
Vitamin B6 (9.08%)
Manganese (5.91%)
Zinc (5.09%)
Health benefits Weight loss, Healthy heart, Maintains cholesterol, Prevent cance, Enhance immunity
Bamboo shoot (Phyllostachys) is a perennial and evergreen plant of the family Poaceae. It is native to Asia being naturalized to Europe, Australia, Asia, and America. Bamboo shoots were firstly originated to Southern China. Due to its wide diversification, it spread from the Chile to the Himalayas. But due to the weather conditions, it could not be cultivated in Europe, Canada, Western Asia and Antarctica. Today bamboo shoots are widely cultivated in Eastern and South Eastern Asia. Bamboo shoots are used in various cuisines and salads. It is also called Bamboo sprouts. Bamboo adapts well to the tropical and subtropical climate and thrives in well drained soils. Bamboo can live upto 20 years.


Bamboo is the perennial evergreen plant that reaches from 1-120 foot tall. The plant is cylindrical, hollow in shape with 0.25 inch-12 inch as a diameter. The outer skin of the Bamboo is smooth. The leaves are alternately arranged with flat, thin and smooth texture. Bamboo yields purple-violet flowers in spring and summer. The woody stems are yellowish which holds tough roots.


Bamboo shoots are cone shaped, 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) long and 2 ¾ inches (6.5 cm) as a diameter. The shoots are yellow having the brown markings. The taste is bitter acidic having the mild and sweet flavor. The two main varieties of Bamboo shoots are: winter shoots and spring shoots.

Nutritional Value

120 gm of Bamboo shoots contains 14 calories, 0.26 gm fat, 1.84 gm protein and 1.2 gm dietary fiber. It possesses the phenolic acids which is an antioxidant. It is also rich in amino acids, carbohydrates, protein, sugar, fat, minerals and fiber.

Nutritional value of Bamboo shoot
Serving Size: 1 cup (1/2″ slices), 120 g

Calories 14 Kcal. Calories from Fat 2.34 Kcal.

Proximity Amount % DV
Water 115.1 g N/D
Energy 14 Kcal N/D
Energy 60 kJ N/D
Protein 1.84 g 3.68%
Total Fat (lipid) 0.26 g 0.74%
Ash 0.49 g N/D
Carbohydrate 2.3 g 1.77%
Total dietary Fiber 1.2 g 3.16%
Soluble dietary Fiber 0.33 g N/D
Insoluble dietary Fiber 0.87 g N/D

Minerals Amount % DV
Potassium, K 640 mg 13.62%
Copper, Cu 0.098 mg 10.89%
Manganese, Mn 0.136 mg 5.91%
Zinc, Zn 0.56 mg 5.09%
Iron, Fe 0.29 mg 3.63%
Phosphorus, P 24 mg 3.43%
Calcium, Ca 14 mg 1.40%
Magnesium, Mg 4 mg 0.95%
Selenium, Se 0.5 µg 0.91%
Sodium, Na 5 mg 0.33%

Vitamins Amount % DV
Water soluble Vitamins
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.118 mg 9.08%
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.06 mg 4.62%
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.36 mg 2.25%
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.024 mg 2.00%
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.079 mg 1.58%
Vitamin B9 (Folate, Folic acid) 2 µg 0.50%

Lipids Amount % DV
Fatty acids, total saturated 0.061 g 0.09%
Lauric acid (dodecanoic acid) 12:00 0.001 g N/D
Myristic acid  14:00(Tetradecanoic acid) 0.002 g N/D
Palmitic acid 16:00 (Hexadecanoic acid) 0.046 g N/D
Stearic acid 18:00 (Octadecanoic acid) 0.005 g N/D
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated 0.006 g N/D
Oleic acid 18:1 (octadecenoic acid) 0.006 g N/D
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated 0.118 g 0.69%
Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid) 0.1 g N/D
Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid) 0.018 g N/D

Amino Acids Amount % DV
Tryptophan 0.019 g 4.32%
Isoleucine 0.061 g 3.65%
Valine 0.074 g 3.50%
Threonine 0.06 g 3.41%
Lysine 0.095 g 2.84%
Leucine 0.098 g 2.65%
Histidine 0.03 g 2.44%
Phenylalanine 0.064 g 2.20%
Methionine 0.02 g 1.20%
Cystine 0.016 g N/D
Arginine 0.068 g N/D
Alanine 0.086 g N/D
Aspartic acid 0.299 g N/D
Glutamic acid 0.174 g N/D
Glycine 0.061 g N/D
Proline 0.155 g N/D
Serine 0.09 g N/D

*Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. They are not recommendations. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs.

Health Benefits of Bamboo Shoots

Bamboo shoots possess adequate nutrients, protein, vitamins and minerals along with antioxidant, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties which helps to prevent the health ailments. It is an excellent source of potassium that assists to retain the normal heart beat and blood pressure. The regular intake of Bamboo shoots helps to enhance the cholesterol health. It is used as a food throughout the world.

  1. Weight loss

Bamboo shoots contain the negligible amount of carbohydrates, calories and sugars which assist to lose weight. It makes the stomach full for long time so, it assists the people to lose weight.

  1. Healthy heart

The research shows that Bamboo shoots possess phytonutrients and phytosterols which help to eliminate the harmful cholesterols in the body which results in the smooth flow of blood in the body. (1)

  1. Maintains cholesterol

The intake of Bamboo shoots helps to reduce LDL cholesterol levels by balancing the glucose levels. It possess low amount of fat and calories. The research shows that the intake of bamboo shoots has the positive effects on the function of bowel, lipids and cholesterols. (2)

  1. Prevent cancer

The study made on the research shows that the leaves of bamboo shoots possess the phytosterols such as amylase, flavone and chlorophyll which controls the mutations and cancer. (3)

  1. Enhance immunity

Bamboo shoots possess the minerals and vitamins which help to enhance the immune system of the body. The presence of antioxidants, minerals and vitamins intensify the body from inside as well as outside. (4)

  1. High amount of dietary fiber

The dietary fiber found in bamboo shoots assist in the digestion and ease bowel movements. This assists to lose the weight due to the high presence of fiber and low calories.

  1. Anti-inflammation

The research shows that analgesic and ant inflammatory properties are found in the bamboo shoots which help to treat ulcers. The juice which is extracted from bamboo shoots aids the ulcers and external wounds.

  1. Respiratory ailments

Bamboo shoots effectively treat respiratory ailments. A decoction made from the shoots should be taken with honey. A decoction could be made by boiling the shoots in the water twice. (5)

  1. Treats poisoning

The bamboo extracts are used in Ayurvedic medicine with a belief that it possesses anti-venomous properties. It is used to treat the scorpion and snake bites. (6)

  1. Acts as Uterotonic

It is believed that the Bamboo shoots provide the uterine contractions. It is used as a supplement of medicine when the delivery date is pending during the last month of the pregnancy. The research shows that Bamboo is listed among the uterotonic plants. (7)

  1. Stomach health

Bamboo shoots helps to treat stomach disorders. The leaves of the bamboo are an aid to eliminate the intestinal worms and stomach ailments.

  1. Cleans wound

Bamboo shoots are also used to clean the sores and wounds.

  1. Maintains blood pressure

Bamboo shoots provide a good amount of potassium which is an electrolyte that is essential to maintain as well as to lower the blood pressure.

How to Eat

  • It could be served as a vegetable side dish along with butter, soy sauce or pepper.
  • It is also add to salads, curries, soups, vegetable dishes.
  • Bamboo shoots could be sliced, roasted, boiled, marinated, grilled, sautéed, braised or stir-fried.
  • It could be added to chicken salad or tuna.
  • It is also used to fill dumplings or spring rolls.
  • Bamboo shoots could be pickled or used as seasonings and garnishes.

Bamboo shoot – Phyllostachys Facts

Bamboo shoots are the edible sprouts which belong to the family Poaceae. They are largest and fastest growing plants. The shoots are tender and crisp which resembles the flavor of the corn. It possesses a neutral taste when boiled. Bamboo shoots are available fresh as well as canned.

Name Bamboo shoot
Scientific Name Phyllostachys
Native Asia and naturalized to Europe, Australia, Asia, and America.
Common/English Name Bamboo shoots, bamboo sprouts
Name in Other Languages Chinese: sun ki
Korean: juk sun
Vietnamese: măng
Japanese: takenoko
Bangladesh: Bajchur
Myanmar: Myit
Nepal: tama
Assam: khorisa and bah gaj
Karnataka: kanile or ‘kalale
Arunachal Pradesh: bashchuri
Western Odisha: Karadi
Manipur: u-soi
Burma (Myanmar): myahait
Spanish: Bambú
French: Bambou
Czech: Bambus
Hindi: Baans
Tamil: Moongil Kuruthu
Malayalam: Mulankoombu
Telugu: Veduru chiguru
Bengali: Bansberankur
Marathi: Kalkipan
Oriya: Baunsagaja
Urdu & Punjabi: Baans
Nagaland: bas-tanga
Jharkhand: sandhna.
Indonesian and Malay: rebung
Philippines: labong or tambo.
Mizoram: mautuai
Kokborok: Muya
Bengali: Baaser Korool
Plant Growth Habit Perennial, evergreen
Growing Climate Tropical and subtropical
Soil Well-drained
Lifespan 20 years
Root Tough
Stem Yellowish woody stems
Leaf Alternate, smooth, flat, thin
Flowering Season Spring, Summer
Flower Purple-Violet
Plant shape and size Cylindrical, hollow; 1-120 foot tall; Diameter: 0.25 inch-12 inch
Plant texture Smooth outer skin
Shoot shape & size Cone-shaped; Diameter: 2¾ inches (6.5 cm); Length: 4-6 inches (10-15 cm)
Shoot color Yellow with brown markings
Fruit fleshiness Dry
Shoot Flavor/aroma Mild and sweet
Shoot Taste Bitter acidic
  • Winter shoots
  • Spring shoots
Major Nutritions Potassium, K 640 mg (13.62%)
Copper, Cu 0.098 mg (10.89%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.118 mg (9.08%)
Manganese, Mn 0.136 mg (5.91%)
Zinc, Zn 0.56 mg (5.09%)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.06 mg (4.62%)
Tryptophan 0.019 g (4.32%)
Protein 1.84 g (3.68%)
Isoleucine 0.061 g (3.65%)
Iron, Fe 0.29 mg (3.63%)
Health Benefits
  • Weight loss
  • Healthy heart
  • Maintains cholesterol
  • Prevent cancer
  • Enhance immunity
  • High amount of dietary fiber
  • Anti-inflammation
  • Respiratory ailments
  • Treats poisoning
  • Acts as Uterotonic
  • Stomach health
  • Cleans wound
  • Maintains blood pressure
Calories in 1 cup (1/2″ slices) 120g 14 Kcal.
Traditional uses
  • Bamboo shoots are used to treat internal poisoning.
  • Bamboo shoots helps to enhance digestion of food, treat stomach disorders such as diarrhea.
  • The juice of Bamboo shoot is used to heal ulcers.
  • Bamboo shoots are used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat the health problems such as asthma, phlegm, cancer, and arthritis.
  • Bamboo shoots should not be consumed raw as it is difficult to digest.
  • Bamboo shoots should be boiled before consumption in order to eliminate cyanide.
  • The prolonged use of bamboo shoots worse the thyroid disorders such as thyroid tumor, goiter and hypothyroidism.

Bamboo shoot (Phyllostachys)Scientific Classification

Scientific name Phyllostachys
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Tracheobionta
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae
Subfamily Bambusoideae
Genus Bambusa Schreb.
Super division Spermatophyta
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Liliopsida
Sub Class Commelinidae