|Bottle gourd Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Lagenaria siceraria|
|Shapes||Oval, pear shaped or elongated; Length: 1 m|
|Major nutrients||Vitamin C (13.00%)
Vitamin B6 (3.54%)
Vitamin B5 (3.52%)
|Health benefits||Skin health, Lowers stroke, Treats cancer, Prevents colds and flu, Hormonal balance|
Bottle gourds were the plants which were used by humans as long as 8,000 to 10,000 years ago in the form of musical instruments, containers and fishing floats. Firstly, it was cultivated in Africa, then Asia and finally reached to America.
The Bottle gourd plant is an annual, vigorous, monoecious, climbing herb often cultivated in warm climates. It grows as a vine with alternate, broad, deep green leaves that are 400 mm long and 400 mm broad. The stem is often thick, angular, ribbed, brittle and hairy which is about 5 m long. The plant yields flower during summer which is monoecious, white, obovate; 15 cm across and 10–15 mm long. The pear shaped smooth light green fruit has white and spongy flesh. The fruit is 1 meter long. It contains brownish seeds which are oblong, and 2 cm long.
The serving size of 116 grams contains 16 calories and provides 13% of Vitamin C and 7.36% of zinc. The same amount of Bottle gourd provides 174 mg of Potassium, 13 mg of Magnesium, 15 mg of Phosphorus and 2 mg of Sodium. Bottle gourd possess various amounts of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, lipids and amino acids.
Health Benefits of Bottle gourd
Bottle gourd possess high amount of fiber which prevents the constipation, piles and flatulence. The cholesterol and fat in Bottle gourd is very low. The richness in Vitamin B and C assists in anti-oxidant properties. It consists of 92% water. The juiced or cooked Bottle gourd possesses anti-bilious and sedative properties.
- Skin health
The high intake of Vitamin C reduces the wrinkles and dryness of skin. Vitamin C is an antioxidant which can lower the oxidative damage associated with stress, pollution and poor diet. Free radicals speeds up the process of aging whereas the adequate consumption of Vitamin C slows down the appearance.
- Lowers stroke
The study summarizes that the high intake of Vitamin C reduce the chances of stroke by 50%. The people who consume veggies and fruit have high level of Vitamin C. One should include fruit and veggies to the diet in order to increase the intake of Vitamin C.
- Treats cancer
The high intakes of Vitamin C increase the cancer counteract effects of drugs that are used in chemotherapy. Vitamin C targets the cells that need the nutriments whereas the drugs harm the normal cells as well. Researchers view that Vitamin C is an effective cancer treatment for the lung and ovarian cancer.
- Prevents colds and flu
Vitamin C enhances the immune system and prevents from viruses and colds. It also lowers the chances of further health ailments such as lung infections and pneumonia. Vitamin C prevents the oxidative damage of white blood cells and maintains its proper function. Vitamin C acts as an antioxidant in the body.
- Hormonal balance
Zinc plays a vital role in the production of hormones such as increase in testosterone. Zinc affects the female sex hormones and also involves in the creation as well as release of eggs from the ovaries. Zinc is essential for the estrogen and progesterone production in women that assist the reproductive health. The level of estrogen either too high or too low leads to the problems with menstruation, early menopause, mood swings, infertility and increase chances of cancers.
- Liver Health
Zinc helps to reduce the infection and damage of liver. It cleans the liver, lower inflammation, assists nutrient absorption, lower damage of free radicals and eliminates the waste from the body. Zinc enhances the liver health as well as assists its functions.
- Repair muscles
Zinc is vital for the growth and division of cells. It assists in repairment of muscles and maintains stamina in the skeletal and muscular systems. It also supports in the release of testosterone, hormone and insulin growth which builds healthy metabolism and muscle mass. It increases the testosterone in the body as it promotes the conversion rate of androstenedione to testosterone.
- Treats diabetes
Zinc balances the insulin hormone that regulates the blood sugar and cures the diabetes naturally. It benefits the level of blood sugar as it store insulin to the pancreas and release when the glucose is enter to the blood stream. It properly utilizes the digestive enzymes that are essential for the insulin to bind to the cells so that glucose could be used in the body as a fuel.
- Absorb nutrients
Zinc is essential for the body to use the amino acids. It is associated in the breakdown of carbohydrates which are the main source of energy in the body. Low level of zinc leads to the low level of energy and leads to the chronic or adrenal fatigue. The adequate amount of zinc promotes the healthy metabolism.
- Fruits are used as cardioprotective, general tonic, cardiotonic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, antidote to poisons and stings.
- The juice of Bottle gourd is used to treat cardiovascular disorder, indigestion, stomach acidity and ulcers.
- It is used to treat of allergic and inflammatory disorders such as rhinitis, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism and diabetes.
- A decoction of Bottle gourd is used to treat of ascites, anasarca and beriberi.
- In India, the seeds are taken internally to cure headache.
- In Indian medicine, leaves are used as a purgative and soup of young shoots is used against constipation.
- In Benin, decoction of leaves is used for icterus.
- In India and Nigeria, a decoction made from leaf is used to treat jaundice.
- In Madagascar, a decoction made from root is used as enema.
Bottle gourd – Lagenaria siceraria Facts
The bottle gourd is a vigorous climbing vine which possesses white flowers that usually open at night. The plant bears hard-skinned fruits which are edible when immature. Due to its bottle like shape, it got its name as bottle gourd. The matured fruits are used as domestic utensils, water jugs and floats for fishing nets.
|Scientific Name||Lagenaria siceraria|
|Common/English Name||Birdhouse Gourd, Calabash Gourd, Bottle Gourd, Dolphin Gourd, Hard-Shelled Gourd, Trumpet Gourd, Long Squash, White-Flowered Gourd|
|Name in Other Languages||Algeria: Dubb’a;
Arabic: Qar’a Duruf
Local French: Bouteille;
Angola (Umbundu): Mbinda,
Central African Republic:-
Chinese: Hu Lu;
Democratic Republic Of Congo:-
Eastonian: Harilik Pudelkõrvits;
Egypt: Qar’a Tawil;
Arabic: Qar’a Dubba,
Afaan Oromo: Buke,
Plant: Calebassier Grimpant,
Ornamental Club Gourd: Courge,
Trumpet Gourd: Gourde Trompette
Traveller’s Gourd: Gourde De Pèlerins;
German: Trompe tenkürbis;
Ghana (Adnagme-Krobo): Kpatu,
Fante (Ga): Apakyi, Apakyiwa,
Guinea (Fula-Pulaar): Horde,
Manding- Maninka: Fé Lemba;
Guinea-Bissau (Balanta): Fôóti,
Andra Pradesh, Telangana: Anapakaya,
Urdu: Maghz Kaddu-I-Shirin;
Indonesia (Java): Labu Botol,
Italian: Zucca Da Nuoto;
Laotian: Mak Nam Tao;
Liberia (Mano): Gah ();
Arabic: Qar’a Duruf,
Local French: Bouteille,
Malaysia (Besisi): Labu Air Berleher
Mali (Dogon): Gabá Íí,
Morocco: Qar’a Dubba;
Arabic: Qar’a Aslawiya,
Rabat Drug Market: Qer’aa,
Local French: Bouteille,
Tatouane Province: Grac Slawiya;
Niger (Songhai): Tàndà Tàndà;
Nigeria (Abu): Òt,
Dera: Gwák q ´rák,
Edo: Uko ẹ`kpérẹ,
Efi k: Ekpat,
Hwana: Ďέŋdà, Kußana,
Idoma: S bàtu, Ógò,
Kanufi –Kaninkhon: Kergba,
Ngamo: Gŏbo, Shókó,
Ogori- Magongo: ọbọ-Ukwa,
Shanga: Fiê Fiê Küe,
Tera-Pidlimndi: Bungdi, Dı`°Rbí,
Yedina: Hebi, Maruadde,
Pakistan (Urdu): Lauki;
Papiamento: Kalabas Di Kore Abou;
Philippines (Bisaya): Kalubai,
Polish: Tykwa Pospolita;
Rwanda: Inzuzi Z’ibamba;
Diola: Ka Tuk,
Manding- Bambara: File,
Singapore (Hokkien): Peh Poh;
North Sotho: Moraka;
Xhosa, Zulu: Iselwa;
Sri Lanka (Sinhala): Diya Labu;
Tibetan: Ku Ba;
The Gambia (Diola): Ka Tuk,
Manding- Mandinka: Miran;
Togo (Adélé): Difrimi,
Arabic: Qar’a Duruf;
Local French: Bouteille,
West Cameroons (Bafok): Eyengo,
Duala: Èkáŋgà, Mbàmbe,
Mbonge: Efi mbiriki,
|Plant Growth Habit||Annual, vigorous, monoecious, climbing herb|
|Growing Climate||Warm climate|
|Stem||Angular, ribbed, thick, brittle, hairy; Length: 5 m|
|Leaf||Alternate, broad, deep green, Length: 400 mm, Breadth: 400 mm|
|Edible parts of the plants||oung shoots, flower buds and leaves: It is eaten as vegetables.
Fruit: The fruit is boiled till soft and consumed as snack or used as pickles. The fruits are added to curries and stew.
Seeds: Less bitter seeds are roasted and eaten as snack. The seeds are cooked and added to soups.
|Flower||Monoecious, obovate, white, Across: 15 cm; Length: 10–15 mm|
|Fruit shape & size||Oval, pear shaped or elongated; Length: 1 m|
|Seed||Brownish, oblong, Length: 2 cm|
|Major Nutritions||Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) 11.7 mg (13.00%)
Zinc, Zn 0.81 mg (7.36%)
Potassium, K 174 mg (3.70%)
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.046 mg (3.54%)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) 0.176 mg (3.52%)
Manganese, Mn 0.077 mg (3.35%)
Copper, Cu 0.03 mg (3.33%)
Magnesium, Mg 13 mg (3.10%)
Carbohydrate 3.93 g (3.02%)
Calcium, Ca 30 mg (3.00%)
|Calories in 1cup (116 gm)||16 Kcal.|
|How to Eat||
|Scientific name||Lagenaria siceraria|
|Species||Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.|