|Bitter Berry Quick Facts|
|Scientific Name:||Prunus virginiana|
|Origin||Native to North America and is found in Canada, Florida, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Louisiana, Texas.|
|Colors||Dark red fruit|
|Shapes||Spherical drupes, globose, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter|
|Taste||Bitter and astringent|
|Major nutrients||Total dietary Fiber (81.05%)
Vitamin K (27.08%)
Facts About Bitter Berry
|Scientific Name||Prunus virginiana|
|Native||Native to North America and is found in Canada, Florida, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Louisiana, Texas.|
|Common/English Name||Wild Black Cherry Bark, Choke Cherry, Common chokecherry, Black chokecherry, Red chokecherry, Virginia chokecherry, California chokecherry, Eastern chokecherry, Western chokecherry, Rum chokecherry, Wild blackcherry, Whiskey chokecherry, Wild cherry, Bird cherry Chokeberry, Jamcherry, Cabinet cherry, Chuckleyplum, Bitter-berry, Sloe tree, Caupulin|
|Plant Growth Habit||Suckering hardy tree or large shrub|
|Plant Size||1 to 6 m tall|
|Bark||Blackish and rugged|
|Branches||Smooth, red or purplish|
|Leaf||Elliptic to ovate, and 3 to 10 cm long|
|Medicinal part||The young thin bark|
|Fruit shape & size||Spherical drupes, globose, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter|
|Fruit color||Dark red fruit|
|Fruit Taste||Bitter and astringent|
Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong to nearly oval and 2 to 4 inches long. It has finely serrated margin, dark green above and paler below, minute glands on petiole.
Flower is white, in a loose 3 to 6 inches long terminal raceme, appearing after leaves.
Flowers are then dark red to purple drupe and 1/3 diameter and matures in late summer.
Twigs are slender, black cherry and light brown to gray.
Bark is smooth, gray-brown, conspicuous lenticels that develop into shallow fissures; young stems have shallowly peeling, curling layers.
- Bark and roots act as blood tonic, pectoral, astringent, tonic, sedative and appetite stimulant.
- Root bark infusion is used to treat coughs, fevers and colds.
- Use the root bark as a wash for old sores, burns and ulcers.
- Use the inner bark for treating wounds.
- Dried and powdered fruits are used for stimulating appetite, bloody discharges of bowels and treat diarrhea.
- Unriped fruit is used for treating diarrhea.
- Fruits are used to make jams and jellies, syrups, pie filings and wines.
- Fruits can be sundried.
- Bark is used to brew tea.
- Fruits are used to flavor soups and stews or as a thickening agent.
- It is used for making cakes and pies.
- It can cause mild headache and ulcers.
- Excessive intake causes constipation and other abdominal problems.
- It also increases toxicity in stomach.
15 drops in water. Cherry bark will dissolve stones but should be combined with other herbs and administered carefully and over a period of several months, as when taken too fast will expel the stones abruptly without being softened.
Cold infusion or tincture of inner bark; solution of concentrated resinous extract, Prunin—Acidity, Anorexia, Dyspepsia, Heart (weakness of, hypertrophy of. irritable), Pyrosis.